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    Austrian Mountains near Salzburg
    Austrian mountains near Salzburg.
    Image: ? nationsonline.org

    ___ Austria

    Flag of Austria
    Flag of Austria


    Location map of Austria. Where in Europe is Austria?
    Location map of Austria
    Austria, officially the Republic of Austria, is a landlocked country in East Central Europe which borders the Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Liechtenstein, Slovakia, Slovenia, and Switzerland.

    The country covers an area of 83,871 km2, making Austria somewhat smaller than Portugal (92,090 km2), or slightly smaller than the U.S. state of Maine.

    The country is mostly dominated in the west and south by mountains (the Alps). Austria's highest point is Grossglockner mountain, with a height of 3,798 m (12,460?ft.).

    The major rivers north of the watershed of the Austrian Alps are the Inn, the Salzach, and the Enns, they are tributaries of the Danube. The rivers south of the watershed are the Gail and Drau rivers in Carinthia and the Mürz and Mur rivers.

    Austria has a population of nearly 8.7 million people (in 2016), capital and largest city is Vienna, with a population of 1.8 million people. Spoken language is Austrian German (official), spoken regional languages are Croatian, Hungarian, and Slovene.


    Austria | Österreich | Autriche


    Country Profile



    Background:
    Once the center of power for the large Austro-Hungarian Empire, Austria was reduced to a small republic after its defeat in World War I. Following annexation by Nazi Germany in 1938 and subsequent occupation by the victorious Allies.

    Austria's 1955 State Treaty declared the country "permanently neutral" as a condition of Soviet military withdrawal.

    Neutrality, once ingrained as part of the Austrian cultural identity, has been called into question since the Soviet collapse of 1991 and Austria's increasingly prominent role in European affairs.

    Austria joined the European Union in 1995 and the euro monetary system in 1999.
     
     
     
    Official Name: Republik Österreich
    short form: Österreich
    int'l long form: Federal Republic of Austria
    int'l short form: Austria

    ISO Country Code: at, aut
    Actual Time: Fri-Nov-6  19:40
    Local Time = UTC +1h
    Daylight Saving Time (DST) March - October (UTC +2)

    Country Calling Code: +43

    Capital City: Wien (Vienna) (pop. 1.5 million)

    Major Cities:
    Bregenz, Graz, Innsbruck, Klagenfurt, Linz, Salzburg.

    Government:
    Parliamentary democracy.
    Constitution: 1920; revised 1929 (reinstated May 1, 1945).

    Geography:
    Location: Central Europe
    Area: 83,871 km2 (32,382 sq. mi.)
    Terrain: Alpine (64%), northern highlands that form part of the Bohemian Massif (10%), lowlands to the east (26%).

    Climate: Continental temperate.

    People:
    Nationality: Noun and adjective--Austrian(s).
    Population: 8.6 million (2016)
    GNI per capita PPP: $ 32 962 (year)
    Ethnic groups: 81.1% Austrians, 2.7% Germans, 2.2% Turks; other recognized minorities include Hungarians, Czechs, Slovaks, and Roma.
    Religions: Roman Catholic 73.6%, Lutheran 4.7%, Muslim 4.2%, other 5.5, no confession 12.0%.
    Language: German 92%.
    Literacy: 98%.

    Economy:
    Natural resources: Iron ore, crude oil, natural gas, timber, tungsten, magnesite, lignite, cement.

    Agriculture products: Drains, potatoes, sugar beets, wine, fruit; dairy products, cattle, pigs, poultry; lumber.

    Industries: Construction, machinery, vehicles and parts, food, chemicals, lumber and wood processing, paper and paperboard, communications equipment, tourism.

    Exports - commodities: machinery and equipment, motor vehicles and parts, paper and paperboard, metal goods, chemicals, iron and steel, textiles, foodstuffs.

    Exports partners: Germany 29.9%, USA 6.3%, Italy 6.2%, Switzerland 5.7%, Slovakia 4.4% (2016)

    Imports - commodities: machinery and equipment, motor vehicles, chemicals, metal goods, oil and oil products; foodstuffs.

    Imports partners: Germany 42.5%, Italy 6%, Switzerland 5.6%, Czech Republic 4.4%, Netherlands 4% (2016)

    Currency: Euro (EUR)

    Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

    Political System
    Austria is a federation of nine autonomous federal states. In fact it is a federal parliamentary representative democratic republic. Head of state is the Federal President, head of government and chairman of the Austrian Federal Government is the Federal Chancellor (Bundeskanzler). Similar to Germany, the Chancellor is the most powerful position in national politics.


    Official Sites of Austria

    Der Bundespräsident der Republik Österreich
    The Austrian Federal President.

    Republik Österreich
    The Federal Republic of Austria.

    Bundeskanzleramt Republik Österreich
    The Federal Chancellery.

    oesterreich.at
    The Austrian e-government portal (in German)

    Bundesministerium für auswärtige Angelegenheiten
    The Federal Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Austria.

    Diplomatic Missions
    Permanent Mission of Austria to the United Nations, New York
    Austria's representation to the UN.
    The Austrian Embassy in Ottawa
    Canada.
    Austrian representations Abroad
    LIst of Austrian representations Abroad
    Foreign Diplomatic Missions in Austria
    List of Foreign representations in Austria (in German)


    Statistics
    Statistik Austria
    Statistical Office Austria.

    Weather
    Zentralanstalt für Meteorologie und Geodynamik (ZAMG)
    Central Institute of Meteorology and Geodynamics.

    Maps

     Map of Austria
    Political map of Austria.
    Austrian Map online
    Maps and City search.

    Google Earth Google Earth Austria (Österreich)
    Searchable map and satellite view of Austria.
    Google Earth Vienna Map
    Searchable map and satellite view of Austria's capital city.
    Vienna City Map
    Searchable city map of Vienna.

    Map of Europe
    Political Map of Europe.

    View of Vienna, Austria
    View of Vienna from the city's old ferris wheel (Wiener Riesenrad, constructed in 1897) at Prater amusement park.
    Image: ? nationsonline.org
     
     

    Austrian News


    Austrian Press & Information Service
    Austrian related news and information.
    APA - Austria Presse Agentur
    The Austrian Press Agency (in German).
    Kurier Online
    News from Austria (in German).
    Die Presse
    National and international news (in German).
    Salzburger Nachrichten
    National and international news (in German).
    Der Standard
    National and international news (in German).
    Wiener Zeitung
    National and international news from Vienna with "Amtsblatt", the Official newspaper of the Austrian Government (in German).
     

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    Arts & Culture


    The Albertina Museum
    The Albertina museum in Vienna houses one of the largest and most important print rooms in the world with approximately 65,000 drawings and approximately 1 million old master prints.
     Austria-Forum
    The Austrian Cultural Information System, including an Encyclopedia of Austria. (in German).
    culture reference Ars Electronica Center
    Austria's museum of the future.
    Bregenzer Festspiele
    The Bregenz Festival, the opera on the Floating Stage at Lake of Constance.
    royal Empress Elisabeth of Austria - Eternal Beauty
    One of the most beautiful women of her time, after her sudden death transfigured into a myth: Empress Elisabeth of Austria, affectionately called Sissi.
    Kunsthalle Wien
    Contemporary art.
    Österreichische Bundesmuseen
    Links to Austrians State Museums.
    Österreichische Nationalbibliothek
    The Austrian National Library.
    Salzburger Festspiele
    The Salzburg Festival.
    Sammlung Essl
    Collection of contemporary Austrian art.
    royal Schloß Schönbrunn
    The residence of the Habsburg emperors, from the 18th century until 1918.
    Swarovski Crystal Worlds
    The Crystal Worlds of Swarovski, designed by André Heller.
    Wiener Philharmoniker
    The philharmonic orchestra.
    Wiener Symphoniker
    The Vienna Symphony Orchestra
    Wiener Secession
    The Association of Visual Artists "Wiener Secession", founded in 1897.
    Wiener Staatsoper
    The Vienna State Opera. (in German)
     
    Austrian Parliament in Vienna
    Austrian Parliament in Vienna
    © austrianviews.at

    Palace Schoenbrunn in Vienna, AustriaPalace Schönbrunn - Vienna
    © nationsonline.org
     

    Business & Economy

    Austria, with its well-developed market economy, skilled labor force, and high standard of living, is closely tied to other EU economies, especially Germany's. Austria's economy features a large service sector, a sound industrial sector, and a small, but highly developed agricultural sector.
    Economic growth has been relatively weak in recent years, approaching 0.9% in 2015, but rising to 1.4% in 2016.

    OeNB: Die Oesterreichische Nationalbank
    The Austrian Central Bank.
    Wiener Börse
    Vienna Stock Exchange.

    Austrian Business Agency
    A government-operated consulting firm.
    austriantrade.org
    Austrian Federal Economic Chamber.
    wko.at das - Portal der Wirtschaftskammern
    The Austrian Chambers of Commerce.

    Trade Fairs:
    AMA - Messen Austria
    Trade fairs in Austria (in German)

    Transportation

    Airlines
    Austrian Airlines
    Austria's flag carrier.

    Tyrolean Airways
    Austrian Airlines' regional service.

    Airport
    Vienna International Airport
    Principal Airport Austria's.
    Salzburg Airport
    Second largest airport in Austria.
     
    Railroad
    ÖBB
    ?BB-Personenverkehr AG (Austrian railway).

     
     
       

    Destination Austria - Travel and Tour Guides


    Austrian cattle
    Cattle out at feed.
    Image: ? nationsonline.org
    Discover Austria: Vienna, Salzburg, Burgenland, Carinthia, Lower Austria, Upper Austria, Styria, Tyrol, Vorarlberg, Austrian Alps, Grossglockner.

    Austria Tourism Information
    The Official Web Site of the Austrian National Tourist Office with comprehensive travel information for visitors and tourists.
    Austria Culture Net
    Austria presented by the Austrian Cultural Institute (ACI) New York.
    Austrian Views
    The Austrian National Tourist Office's photo library.

    Austria Cafe
    The unofficial interface to Austria ;-)


    Regions
    Tourist Offices of Austria's Provinces.

    Burgenland Tourist Board

    A guide to the easternmost federal state of Austria.
    Carinthia Information
    Travel and tourism guide to Kärnten.
    Lower Austrian Tourist Board
    Visit Niederösterreich, a tour guide to Lower Austria.
    Upper Austria Information
    Oberösterreich for Tourists.
    Styria Tourist Board
    Travel and tourism information on Styria by the Steiermark Tourist Board.
    Tyrol Tourist Office
    Some say its typical Austria, Tyrol the region in the eastern Alps.
    Vorarlberg Tourism
    Visit the westernmost federal state of Austria, close to Bavaria.
    Salzburger Land Tourism
    The Alp region around the City of Salzburg.


    City Guides
    Salzburg castle in Salzburg on the banks of the Salzach river
    Mozart's native town of Salzburg on the banks of the Salzach river. Salzburg's 'Old Town' is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
    Image: ? nationsonline.org
    Wien (Vienna)
    Official site of the City of Vienna.
    Wiener Tourismusverband
    Official site of the Vienna tourism association, with comprehensive information about Vienna.
    Vienna Online
    Best of vienna, a Vienna portal and city guide to Vienna (in German).
    Wien online - the city of Vienna's online information service

    Bregenz
    The City of Bregenz.
    Graz
    The City of Graz.
    Innsbruck
    The City of Innsbruck.
    Klagenfurt
    The City of Klagenfurt.
    Linz
    The City of Linz.

    Salzburg
    City of Salzburg.
    Salzburg
    Tourist information Salzburg.



    UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Austria

    Historic Center of the city of Graz
    The Historic center of the city of Graz is also a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
    Image: ? nationsonline.org


    World Heritage Site City of Graz – Historic Centre and Schloss Eggenberg
    The old town of Graz is an exemplary model of the living heritage of a central European urban complex influenced by the secular presence of the Habsburgs and the cultural and artistic role played by the main aristocratic families.

    World Heritage Site Historic Centre of the City of Salzburg
    Salzburg where Mozart was born, was once a city-state ruled by a prince-archbishop, the city is the point where the Italian and German cultures met and played a crucial role in the exchanges between these two cultures.

    World Heritage Site Historic Centre of Vienna
    Vienna developed from early Celtic and Roman settlements into a Medieval and Baroque city, and was the capital of the Austro-Hungarian Empire from 1867 to 1918. The historic centre of Vienna is rich in architectural ensembles, including Baroque castles and gardens, as well as the late-19th-century Ringstrasse lined with grand buildings, monuments and parks.

    More World Heritage Sites in Austria official website

     
    Travel and Tour Consumer Information

     
       

    Education & Research


    Technische Universität Graz
    Graz University of Technology, founded in 1811.
    Paris-Lodron-Universität Salzburg
    Founded: 1622.
    University of Art and Industrial Design
    Linz
    University of Innsbruck
    Universität Klagenfurt
    University of Klagenfurt
    Universität Wien
    Alma Mater Rudolphina, the University of Vienna, founded 1365.

    Konrad Lorenz Institute for Ethology
    A scientific institute devoted to the study of animal behavior, ecology, and evolutionary biology.

    Libraries
    Österreichische Nationalbibliothek
    The Austrian National Library.
    Universitätsbibliothek Wien
    Library of the Vienna University.
     
     
       

    Environment & Nature


    Organizations
    Umweltdachverband
    Environmental roof federation for nature and environmental protection (in German).

    Österreichischer Alpenverein
    Austrian Alpine Club, largest mountaineering club in Austria (in German).

    BirdLife Österreich
    BirdLife is the largest organization for ornithology and the protection of birds in Austria.
    Naturfreunde Österreich
    Austrian nature lovers association (in German).
    Naturschutzbund Österreich
    Advocate for nature (in German.
    Transitforum Austria-Tirol
    Association for the protection of environment and nature against the negative effects of through traffic (in German).
    WWF Österreich
    Austrian branch of the global environmental conservation organization.

    Parks
    Naturparke Österreich
    Portal to 48 Nature Parks in Austria.

     
    Church in Heiligenblut and Grossglockner, Austria
    Church in the town of Heiligenblut near Grossglockner
    © austrianviews.at
       

    History


    Österreichische Biographien
    Timeline, with comprehensive information about Austrian's History (in German)
    WWW-VL History Index: Austria
    Index of internet resources about Austrian History.
    History of Austria
    Austro-Hungarian Empire: Primary Documents.
     
     
       

    Search


    Austrian WWW
    Index and Austrian search engine (in German)
    Austronaut
    Austrian Index and search engine (in German)


    Sources and additional Information on Austria


    BBC Country profile: Austria

    Amnesty International: Austria

    FAO: Austria

    Human Rights Watch: Austria

    GlobalEDGE: Austria

    The Heritage Foundation: Austria

    OEC: Austria

    Reporters Without Borders: Austria

    Wikipedia: Austria

    The World Factbook -- Austria
     

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