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    ___ Bangladesh


    Sunset Cox's Bazar beach, Bangladesh
    Sunset at Cox's Bazar, a tourist beach town in south-western Bangladesh.
    Image: Tanweer Morshed
     

    Flag of Bangladesh
    Flag of Bangladesh
     
    Location map of Bangladesh. Where in Asia is Bangladesh?
    Location map of Bangladesh
     
    A virtual guide to Bangladesh, an independent country since 1971, named officially People's Republic of Bangladesh.

    The country is situated in southern Asia in the Ganges River (Padma) delta on the Bay of Bengal. Bangladesh is bordered by India in west, north and east and has a short border with Myanmar (Burma) in south east.

    The state occupies an area of 143,998 km2, compared it is slightly larger than Greece (131,957 km2) or slightly smaller than the U.S. state of Iowa.

    It is one of the world's most densely populated countries. Bangladesh has a population of more than 164 million people (in 2017). The majority of its population are followers of Islam (about 88%). Capital and largest city is Dhaka. Spoken language is Bangla (or Bengali by 98%).


    People's Republic of Bangladesh


    Country Profile




    Background:

    Bangladesh came into existence in 1971 when Bengali East Pakistan seceded from its union with West Pakistan. About a third of this extremely poor country annually floods during the monsoon rainy season, hampering economic development.
    (Source: CIA - The World Factbook)

    related countries: Pakistan
     

     


    Official Name:
    Gano Projatontri Bangladesh
    short form: Bangladesh
    int'l long form: The People's Republic of Bangladesh
    former: East Pakistan

    ISO Country Code: bd, bgd

    Time:
    Local Time = UTC +6h
    Actual Time: Wed-Nov-11  21:16

    Country Calling Code: +880

    Capital City: Dhaka (pop. 12 million, metro area)

    Other Cities:
    Chittagong (2.8 million), Khulna (1.8 million), Rajshahi (1 million), Mymensing, Comilla, Barisal, Sylhet.

    Government:
    Type: Parliamentary democracy.
    Independence: 26 March 1971 (from Pakistan).
    Constitution: 1972

    Geography:
    Location: Southern Asia, bordering the Bay of Bengal, between India and Myanmar.
    Area: 144 000 km² (55 813 sq. mi.)
    Terrain: Mainly flat alluvial plain, with hills in the northeast and southeast.

    Climate: Semitropical, monsoonal; mild winter (October to March); hot, humid summer (March to June); humid, warm rainy monsoon (June to October).

    People:
    Nationality: Bangladeshi(s).
    Population: (2017) 164 million.
    GNI per capita PPP: $ 1,998 (year)
    Ethnic groups: Bengali 98%, tribal groups, non-Bengali Muslims.
    Religions: Muslim 88.3%; Hindu 10.5%; Christian 0.3%, Buddhist 0.6%, others 0.3%.
    Languages: Bangla (official, also known as Bengali), English is widely used.
    Literacy: 54% for males; 32% for females; a total of 43% literacy.

    Natural resources: natural gas, lignite coal, limestones, ceramic, clay and glass sand, arable land, timber.

    Agriculture products: rice, jackfruit, jute, tobacco, sugarcane, pulses, oilseeds, spices,
      potatoes, vegetables, bananas, mangoes, coconut, tea and wheat.

    Industries: garments, jute, cotton, textile, tea, paper, newsprint, cement, fertilizer, sugar, engineering, electric cables , leather, fish.

    Exports - commodities: garments, knitwear and hosiery (80% of exports revenue), agricultural products, frozen food (fish and seafood), jute and jute goods, leather

    Exports partners: US 13.9%, Germany 12.9%, UK 8.9%, France 5%, Spain 4.7% (2015)

    Imports - commodities: cotton, machinery and equipment, chemicals, iron and steel, foodstuffs

    Imports partners:
    China 22.4%, India 14.1%, Singapore 5.2% (2015)

    Currency: Taka (BDT)

    (Source: Ministry of Foreign Affairs Bangladesh)

    Bangladesh in Figures
    More Bangladesh statistical data.
     

    Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

    Official Sites of Bangladesh

    Bangladesh is a parliamentary representative democratic republic with a multi-party system. Legislative power is vested in both the government and parliament (Jatiyo Sangsad). Head of state is the President. Head of government is the Prime Minister.


    Government of the People's Republic of Bangladesh
    Bangladesh's official homepage.

    Bangladesh Jatiya Sangsad
    The Bangladesh Parliament.

    Prime Minister's Office
    Official site of the Prime Minister Office.

    Bangladesh Ministry of Foreign Affairs
    The Official Home Page.

    Diplomatic Missions
    Permanent Mission of Bangladesh to the United Nations
    Bangladesh's representation to the UN.
    Embassy of Bangladesh in the U.S.
    Washington DC, USA
    Bangladesh's Diplomatic Missions Abroad
    Address list of Bangladesh's Diplomatic Missions Abroad.
    Foreign Missions in Bangladesh
    Addresses of Foreign Missions in Bangladesh.

    Statistics
    Bureau of Statistics
    National Statistical Office of Bangladesh.
    Bangladesh in Figures
    Bangladesh key statistical data.

    Maps

    profile Administrative Map of Bangladesh
    Administrative Map of Bangladesh.
    profile Political Map of Bangladesh
    Political Map of Bangladesh.

    Google Earth Google Earth Map Bangladesh
    Searchable map and satellite view of Bangladesh.

    Google Earth Google Earth Map Dhaka
    Searchable map and satellite view of Bangladesh's capital city.

    Map of Southeast Asia
    Map of the Southeast Asia region.

    profile Map of Asia
    Political Map of Asia.



    Bangladesh's National Parliament House
    The National Parliament House (Jatiyo Sangsad Bhaban) is the house of the Parliament of Bangladesh, located in Bangladesh's capital Dhaka.

    Image: Rossi101

    Bangladesh News

    News Agency
    Bangladesh Sangbad Sangstha (BSS)
    The national news agency, Dhaka.

    Online News
    News From Bangladesh (NFB)
    NFB is a Daily On Line News Monitoring Service in English.
    Bangladesh News (Independent-Bangladesh)
    Bangladesh online news daily.
    The Daily Star
    Bangladeshi daily newspaper on the Internet, Dhaka.
    New Age
    Online edition, Dhaka.
    News from Bangladesh
    Internet Daily from Bangladesh.
    The New Nation
    Bangladesh Daily.

    Bengali Newspapers (in Bangla)

    The Daily Ittefaq
    Bangla daily.
    The Daily Jugantor
    Bangla newspaper.
    Kaler Kantha
    Bangla daily.
    Manab Zamin
    Another Bangla daily.
    Prothom Alo
    Bangla daily newspaper. (in Bangla)


    Radio/TV
    Betar-Radio Bangladesh
    Government-run radio network from Dhaka with local services.

    Bangladesh Television (BTV)
    Government-friendly and sole terrestrial TV channel and therfore most popular.
     

    Bookmark/share this page
    Instagram

    Arts & Culture


    Bangla Showbiz
    Entertainment and Celebrity Gossip.

    Kazi Nazrul Islam
    Wikipedia article about Kazi Nazrul Islam (24 May 1899- 29 August 1976), the Bengali poet, writer, musician, and revolutionary and the national poet of Bangladesh.

    Manipuri Dance
    Manipur Dance and Music.
    The Manipuris
    Custom and Culture.

    Priyo
    Bangladesh related portal with entertainment and lifestyle news.

    The Ricksha Arts of Bangladesh
    A site dedicated to one of Bangladesh's unique popular arts, the paintings and decorations on the three-wheeled cycle ricksha.

     
    Rangamaty temple, Bangladesh
    Temple at Rangamaty

    Business & Economy

    Bangladesh's economy has grown at an annual average of about 6% over the last two decades, despite political instability, poor infrastructure, corruption, insufficient power supplies, slow implementation of economic reforms, and the 2008-09 global financial crisis and recession.
    The economy of Bangladesh is largely dependent on agriculture (rice). The garment sector is the largest employer of women in Bangladesh. Garment exports, the backbone of Bangladesh's industrial sector, accounted for more than 80% of total exports and surpassed $25 billion in 2015.

    Central Bank of Bangladesh
    Official website offers national economic data, periodical reposts, currency museum, notifications, press releases.

    Dhaka Stock Exchange
    Official website of the Dhaka stock exchange.
    Chittagong Stock Exchange
    Bangladesh's second stock exchange, located in the port city of Chittagong.

    Dhaka Chamber of Commerce
    Export Promotion Bureau.


    Transportation
    Airlines
    Biman Bangladesh Airlines
    The national flag carrier of Bangladesh.
    GMG Airlines
    Bangladesh's leading private domestic airline.
    United Airways
    The second private airline in Bangladesh offers domestic service and since 2008 also flights to international destinations.

     
    Kuakata Beach, Bangladesh
    Kuakata Beach
    © bangladeshtourism.org


    Teknaf, Bangladesh
    Wooden boat on the sea off the coast of Teknaf (Cox's Bazar District), the southernmost point of mainland Bangladesh. © bangladeshtourism.org
    Chitals (axis deers) in the Sundarbans
    A herd of Chitals (axis deers) deep in the Sundarbans, the largest mangrove forest in the world.
    Image: Fabian Lambeck 

    Travel and Tour Consumer Information


    Destination Bangladesh - Travel and Tour Guides


    Discover Bangladesh
    Best time to go: October to March.
    Main Tourist Attractions: Colourful tribal life of Hill Tracts, world's longest sea beach at Cox's Bazar, centuries old historical sites at Dhaka, Paharpur, Mainamati, Mohastangar, Sundarbans the home of the Royal Bengal Tiger, largest tea garden, reverine life, ect.


    Bangladesh related Sites
    Visit Bangladesh
    A guide to Bangladesh by Bangladesh Tourism Board.

    Bangladesh Parjatan Corporation
    A guide to Bangladesh by the National Tourism Organization.

    Discover Bangladesh
    Makes You More Familiar with Bangladesh.

    Virtual Bangladesh
    Find almost everything there is to know about Bangladesh.


    UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Bangladesh
    World Heritage Site
    Historic Mosque City of Bagerhat
    The ancient city in the south-west part of Bagerhat district in the Sundarbans contains some of the most significant buildings of early Muslim architecture of Bengal.

    World Heritage Site Ruins of the Buddhist Vihara at Paharpur
    Ancient monastery-city with ruins of an extensive Buddhist complex.

    World Heritage Site The Sundarbans
    One of the largest mangrove forest in the world, covering the delta of the Ganges, Brahmaputra and Meghna rivers in the south of Bangladesh and the southern part of West Bengal (India). The Sundarbans are known for its wide range of fauna, including some hundred bird species, lizards, mud scippers, dolphins, and the threatened Bengal tiger.

     

    Education


    Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology (BUET)
    The oldest institution for the study of Engineering and Architecture in Bangladesh.
    Independent University, Bangladesh
    Established in 1993.
    Jahangirnagar University
    Dhaka, established in 1970.
    North South University (NSU)
    Established in 1992.
    University of Chittagong
    Public university located in Chittagong, founded in 1965.
    University of Dhaka
    Oldest University of Bangladesh, estabilshed 1921.

    University Grants Commission of Bangladesh
    The apex body of all Government Funded Universities, with Information on Bangladesh Universities.


    Science
    Bangladesh Space Research and Remote Sensing Organization
    Organisation for the application of space science.

     
     

    Environment & Nature


    Ministry of Environment and Forest
    The agency for the planning, promotion, co-ordination and overseeing the implementation of environmental and forestry programmes.
    Department of Environment
    DOE's mission is to help secure a clean and healthy environment for the benefit of present and future generations.

    Bangladesh Environment Network
    The site of BEN provides information on Bangladesh's environmental issues.

    Flood Forecasting and Warning Centre (FFWC)
    The centre monitors the rainfall and water-levels throughout Bangladesh.

     
    Rural Bangladesh
    Rural Bangladesh
    © bangladeshtourism.org 

    History


    Bangladesh Genocide Archive
    Online archive of the chronology of events of the almost unknown Genocide in Bangladesh in 1971.
    Virtual Bangladesh : History
    Overview of Bangladesh's History.
    The Bangladesh Liberation War Museum
    History of the war for Bangladeshs Independence 1971.
    Rahman, Sheikh Mujibur (1920-1975)
    The Father of The Nation of Bangladesh.

    Bangladesh : History
    History of Bangladesh summary by the Commonwealth of Nations organization.
     
     

    Sources and additional Information on Bangladesh:

    Amnesty International: Bangladesh

    BBC News Country Profile: Bangladesh

    FAO: Bangladesh

    GlobalEDGE: Bangladesh

    Human Rights Watch: Bangladesh

    OEC: Bangladesh

    Reporters Without Borders: Bangladesh

    travel.state.gov: Bangladesh

    UNDP - Human Development Indicators: Bangladesh

    Wikipedia: Bangladesh

    Worldbank Data: Bangladesh

    The World Factbook -- Bangladesh

    Web resources:
    Velki
    Bangladesh Search Engine and Business Portal.
     

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    Other Countries in South Central Asia:
    AfghanistanBhutan | India | Iran | Kazakhstan | Kyrgyzstan | Maldives
    Nepal | Pakistan | Sri Lanka | TajikistanTurkmenistan | Uzbekistan
      
    Major Cities in Southern Central Asia
    Chandigarh, Chennai, Colombo, Dhaka, New Delhi, Islamabad, Karachi, Kathmandu, Kolkata,
    Lahore, Male, Mumbai, Thimphu

     
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