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    Rinpung Dzong monastery, Paro
    Rinpung Dzong, the large Buddhist monastery and fortress in Paro district.
    Image: Christopher Fynn
     

    Location map of Bhutan. Where in Asia is Bhutan?
    Location map of Bhutan
    Flag of Bhutan
    Flag of Bhutan
    Adventure Bhutan, a virtual guide to the "land of the dragon", officially the Kingdom of Bhutan, a small, land-locked nation in Asia, located in the eastern Himalaya mountains south of China (Xizang - Tibet Autonomous Region), bordering the Indian states of Sikkim, West Bengal, Assam and Arunachal Pradesh, it is also bordered by Nepal and Bangladesh. The country controls several key Himalayan mountain passes.

    Bhutan occupies an area of 38,394 km2 making it somewhat smaller than Switzerland or about half the size of the US state of Indiana. Bhutan's landscape is mostly mountainous with some fertile valleys and savanna.

    The country has a multiethnic population of 760,000 inhabitants (in 2015). There are three main ethnic groups in Bhutan, the Tshanglas (or Sharchop) are considered the aboriginal inhabitants of eastern Bhutan, the Ngalops, people of Tibetan origin who migrated to Bhutan, and the Lhotshampas, a group of Nepali language-speaking Bhutanese people. Official language is Dzongkha, a language closely related to Tibetan and Nepali. Capital and largest city is Thimphu.


    Kingdom of Bhutan | Druk-yul


    Country Profile



    Background:
    The Kingdom of Bhutan is a country with a strong ancient Buddhist culture and almost completely cut off for centuries to avoid foreign influences.

    Bhutan began to open up very slowly to outsiders in the 1970s.
    Tourism today is privatised by the Royal Government of Bhutan in 1991 but still restricted; travel is only possible as part of a pre-arranged package or guided tour.
     
     

    Official Name:
    Druk-yul
    or Druk Tsendhen, "land of the thunder dragon"
    int'l long form: Kingdom of Bhutan
    int'l short form: Bhutan

    ISO Country Code: bt, BTN

    Time:
    Local Time = UTC +6h
    Actual Time: Fri-Nov-13  03:19

    Country Calling Code: +975

    Capital City: Thimphu (approx. 55,000)

    Other Cities:
    Paro, Phoentsholing, Punakha, Bumthong.

    Government:
    Type: Democratic constitutional monarchy.
    Previously, various laws and Buddhist values guided the relationship between the state and the people. Constitution enacted 18 July 2008.
    National Day: 17 December

    Geography:
    Location: Southern Asia, between China and India.
    Area: 38,394 km2 (14,824 sq. mi.) slightly smaller than Switzerland.
    Terrain: Mountainous, from the Himalayas to lower-lying foothills to plains with semi-tropical forest, savannah grassland and bamboo jungles.

    Climate: Alpine to temperate to subtropical with monsoon season from June to September.

    People:
    Nationality: Bhutanese. Note: The Bhutanese refer to themselves as Drukpa people.
    Population: 760,000 (2015)
    GNI per capita PPP: $ 3 330 (year)
    Ethnic groups: Bhutan has three main ethnic groups, Sharchops, Ngalongs (50%) and Lhotsampas, one of several Nepalese ethnic groups (35%), indigenous or migrant tribes 15%.
    Religions: The tantric form of Mahayana Bhuddhism (Drukpa Kagyupa) is state religion, Indian- and Nepalese-influenced Hinduism 25%.
    Languages: Dzongka (official language), English (medium of instruction), Tshanglakha, Lhotsamkha ( Nepali) and Khenkha, Sharchop.
    Literacy: 54% (est.). Women's literacy (est.)--20%.

    Natural resources: Hydroelectric power, timber, gypsum, calcium carbide.

    Agriculture products: Rice, corn, root crops, citrus, foodgrains; dairy products, eggs.

    Industries: Cement, wood products, processed fruits, alcoholic beverages, calcium carbide.

    Exports - commodities: electricity (to India), ferrosilicon, cement, calcium carbide, copper wire, manganese, vegetable oil

    Exports partners: India 83.8%, Hong Kong 10.8% (2013 est.)

    Imports - commodities: fuel and lubricants, passenger cars, machinery and parts, fabrics, rice

    Imports partners: India 72.3%, South Korea 6% (2013 est.)

    Currency: Ngultrum (BTN); Indian Rupee (INR)

    Source: Government of Bhutan and others.

    Bhutan in Figures
    Bhutan key statistical data.

     

    Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

    Official Sites of Bhutan

    Bhutan Government
    The Government's Official Web Portal.

    National Assembly of Bhutan
    Official website of Bhutan's National Assembly.

    Ministry of Trade and Industry
    Official site of the ministry provides information on Bhutan's trade and industry.

    Tourism Council of Bhutan
    Official Tourist Information for Bhutan.


    Dzongkhags
    Bhutan is divided into twenty administrative Districts called Dzongkhags:

    Offcial Dzongkhag sites:
    Bumthang
    Bumthang Dzongkhag
    Chukha
    Chukha Dzongkhag
    Dagana
    Dagana Dzongkhag
    Gasa
    Gasa Dzongkhag
    Haa
    Haa Dzongkhag
    Lhuentse
    Lhuentse Dzongkhag
    Mongar
    Mongar Dzongkhag
    Paro
    Paro Dzongkhag
    Pema Gatshel
    Pema Gatshel Dzongkhag
    Punakha
    Punakha Dzongkhag
    Samdrup Jongkhar
    Samdrup Jongkhar Dzongkhag
    Samtse
    Samtse Dzongkhag
    Sarpang
    Sarpang Dzongkhag
    Thimphu
    Thimphu Dzongkhag
    Trashi Gang
    Trashi Gang Dzongkhag
    Trashi Yangtse
    Trasi Yangtse Dzongkhag
    Trongsa
    Trongsa Dzongkhag
    Tsirang
    Tsirang Dzongkhag
    Wangdue Phodrang
    Wangdue Phodrang Dzongkhag
    Zhemgang
    Zhemgang Dzongkhag

    Maps

    profile Map of Bhutan
    Administrative and Political map of Bhutan.
    Google Earth Google Earth Bhutan
    Searchable map and satellite view of Bhutan.
    Google Earth Google Earth Thimphu
    Searchable map and satellite view of Bhutan's capital city.

    Map of Southeast Asia
    Map of the Southeast Asia region.
    profile Map of Asia
    Political Map of Asia.

    Tashichho Dzong, seat of the Bhutanese government in Thimphu
    Tashichho Dzong in Thimphu, the Buddhist monastery and fortress is the seat of the Druk Desi, the head of Bhutan's civil government since 1952.
    Image: Christopher J. Fynn
     

    Bhutan News


    Bhutannewsonline
    Bhutan's first private online newsmagazine featuring web-based news, views, opinions and articles on Bhutan.

    Kuensel
    Bhutan's autonomous daily and only regular newspaper.

    Bhutan Broadcasting Service Corporation
    National Radio & TV provides online news on Bhutan.
     

    Bookmark/share this page
    Instagram

    Thangka unfolded at the Gomphu Kora Tshechu Festival
    The Thongdrel (a large Thangka) with Guru Rinpoche (Padmasambhava - lit. "Lotus-Born") unfolded at the Gomphu Kora Tshechu Festival in Eastern Bhutan.
    Image: Mario Biondi

    Arts & Culture


    Bhutan Archery
    Comprehensive site about archery, the national sport of Bhutan.

    National Library of Bhutan
    One of Bhutan's Centers of Scriptual Heritage.

    Temple with prayer wheel in Samdrup Jonkhar, Bhutan
    Temple with prayer wheel in Samdrup Jonkhar, a town located at the south-eastern part of Bhutan, it borders the Indian state of Assam.
    Image: Franzfoto
     
     

    Business & Economy


    Ministry of Economic Affairs
    Official site of the ministry provides information on Bhutan's trade and industry.

    Bhutan Chamber of Commerce & Industry
    Official website of the chamber.

    Transportation
    Airline
    Druk Air
    Royal Bhutan Airlines.
     
    Bumthang, Bhutan
    Bumthang, Central Bhutan
    © triptoBhutan.com
    Tiger's Nest, Paro, Bhutan
    Taktsang Palphug Monastery, the Tiger's Nest, the temple complex in the cliffside of the upper Paro valley is a famous Himalayan Buddhist sacred site in Bhutan.
    Image: Douglas J. McLaughlin


    Travel and Tour Consumer Information


    Destination Bhutan - Travel and Tour Guides


    Discover the "Land of the Thunder Dragon": Bumthang, Mongar, Paro, Phunetsholing, Trongsa, Thimphu, chortens, dzongs, gompas, thangkas, traditional medicine, wildlife sanctuaries.

    Find accommodation, hotels, attractions, festivals, events, tourist boards, hiking, climbing, birding, adventure tours and much more.

    Department of Tourism, Bhutan
    Official Tourist Information for Bhutan.

    Bhutannewsonline
    Bhutan's first private online newsmagazine featuring web-based news, views, opinions and articles on Bhutan.

    Tashi Delek
    Another non-official Bhutan Home Page.

    Bhutan Images
    Phil's All Embracing Bhutan Slide Show.
     
    Tour Operator
    Bhutan Majestic Travel
    Tour operator for cultural and trekking tours.
    Bhutan Journeys
    Your door to Bhutan for a memorable experience.
    Bhutan Travel Bureau
    Bhutan tour operator.
    Enjoy Bhutan
    Bhutan tourism and travel information including Bhutan visa requirements, festivals, treks, hotels and transport in the magical Kingdom of Bhutan.
     Kingdom of Bhutan
    The pioneer travel organization of Bhutan with visitor information, travel arrangements and more.
    Jachung Travel
    Offers cultural tours and trekking to Bhutan. Also contains travel tips and country information.
    triptoBhutan.com
    Aiming to promote healthy tourism in Bhutan.

    Punakha Dzong, Bhutan
    Dzong Fortresses, Punakha
    © triptoBhutan.com


    Prayer wheel, Bhutan
    A Mani Wheel, part of Buddhist belief.
    © triptoBhutan.com

    Education


    The Centre for Bhutan Studies
    Autonomous research institute dedicated towards promoting research and scholarship on Bhutan; provides academic research papers on Bhutan.

    Royal Bhutan Institute of Technology
    Offers training in Civil and Electrical Engineering.

    Royal University of Bhutan
    The first university in Bhutan founded in 2003. 

    Thimphu, Bhutan
    Thimphu Bhutan's capital
    © triptoBhutan.com  

    Environment & Nature


    WWF Bhutan Program
    WWF conservation work in Bhutan.
     
     

    History


    History of Bhutan

    Wikipedia page about the history of Bhutan.

    History of Bhutan
    Facts about Bhutan with a history section.
     
     

    Sources and additional Information on Bhutan


    BBC Country Profile: Bhutan

    FAO: Bhutan

    globalEDGE: Bhutan

    The Heritage Foundation: Bhutan

    Human Rights Watch: Bhutan

    OEC: Bhutan

    Reporters Without Borders: Bhutan

    Wikipedia: Bhutan

    The World Factbook -- Bhutan
     

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    Other Countries in South Central Asia:
    AfghanistanBangladesh | India | Iran | Kazakhstan | Kyrgyzstan | Maldives
    | Nepal | Pakistan | Sri Lanka | TajikistanTurkmenistan | Uzbekistan

    Major Cities in Southern Central Asia
    Chandigarh, Chennai, Colombo, Dhaka, New Delhi, Islamabad, Karachi, Kathmandu, Kolkata,
    Lahore, Male, Mumbai, Thimphu,
     
     
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