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    Chile


    Parinacota Volcano and lake Chungara, Lauca National Park, Chile
    Lake Chungara and the Payachata volcanic group with Parinacota Volcano to the right. This landscape is situated in the extreme north of Chile in the Altiplano of Arica y Parinacota Region in the Lauca National Park.
    Image: Turismo Chile

     
    Location map of Chile. Where in South America is Chile?
    Location map of Chile

    Flag of Chile
    Flag of Chile
    Destination Chile. A virtual guide to the country that occupies a long coastal strip between the Andes mountains and the Pacific Ocean in the southwestern part of South America. Chile borders Argentina and Bolivia in the east, and it shares a short border with Peru in the north.

    The country has an area of 756,102 km2, compared it is somewhat smaller than Turkey or slightly smaller than twice the size of the U.S. state of Montana.

    The Republic of Chile (its official name) has a population of 19.1 million people (official estimates 2019). The capital and largest city is Santiago (Santiago de Chile). The national language is Spanish.

     
    Republic of Chile | República de Chile


    Background:
    A three-year-old Marxist government was overthrown in 1973 by a dictatorial military regime led by Augusto PINOCHET, which ruled until a freely elected president was installed in 1990.

    Sound economic policies, first implemented by the PINOCHET dictatorship, led to unprecedented growth in 1991-97 and have helped secure the country's commitment to democratic and representative government. Growth slowed in 1998-99, but recovered strongly in 2000.

    (Source: CIA - The World Factbook)
     

     

    Country Profile



    Official Name:
    República de Chile
    short form: Chile
    int'l long form: Republic of Chile

    ISO Country Code: CL, CHL

    ...show more




    Official Sites of Chile

    Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

    Plaza de la Ciudadanía, La Moneda Palace, Santiago
    Plaza de la Ciudadanía with the statue of the Arturo Alessandri, former President of Chile, at La Moneda Palace, the seat of the President of the Republic of Chile.
    Image: Edrahil Nargothrond


    Gobierno de Chile
    The Government of Chile.

    Presidencia de la República de Chile
    Office of the President of Chile.


    Congreso Nacional
    The National Congress of Chile is the bicameral legislative branch of the government of the Republic of Chile.

    Senado de la República de Chile
    The Senate of the Republic of Chile is the upper house of Chile's bicameral Congress

    Cámara de Diputados de Chile
    The Chamber of Deputies of Chile is the lower house of Chile's bicameral Congress.


    Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores
    Official site of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Chile.

    Santiago
    Santiago de Chile
    Chile's capital city official website.

    Diplomatic Missions
    Misión Permanente de Chile ante Naciones Unidas
    Permanent Mission of Chile to the United Nations.
    Embassy of Chile in the U.S.
    Washington D.C.
    Diplomatic Missions of Chile Abroad
    Address list of Chile's Diplomatic Missions Abroad.

    Statistics
    Instituto Nacional de Estadísticas
    The National Institute of Statistics - Chile in numbers.

    Chile in Figures
    Chile key statistical data.

     

     


    Maps of Chile



    Chile Map
    Map of Chile (click map to enlarge)
    Image: ? nationsonline.org


    Maps

    Map of Chile
    Political map of Chile.
    Administrative Map of Chile
    Map showing the primary administrative regions of Chile.
    Google Earth Google Earth Chile
    Searchable map and satellite view of Chile.
    Google Earth Google Earth Santiago de Chile
    Searchable map and satellite view of Chile's capital city.

    Map of South America
    Reference map of South America.
     

     


    News of Chile



    Newsstand

    Online News from Chile


    Chile Today
    Independent news platform in Chile.
    El Mercurio
    National and international news. (in Spanish)
    Diario Chañarcillo
    Chilean newspaper.
    La Nación
    Chilean daily newspaper. (in Spanish)
    La Segunda
    Afternoon daily owned by El Mercurio SAP.
    La Tercera
    Chilean daily with national and international news. (in Spanish)
    The Santiago Times
    English-language newspaper published in Santiago.
    Las Últimas Noticias
    One of the major Chilean dailys. (in Spanish)

    International News Sources
    Chile News Headlines | Reuters
    Latest breaking news and top news headlines from Reuters.
    The Guardian: Chile
    UK's Guardian news about Chile.
    MercoPress Chile
    MP. provides information focused on South America.
     

     


    Arts & Culture of Chile


    Roberto Matta painting
    Felicidad Sólida, painting by Roberto Matta. Matta was a Chilean sculptor and painter who belonged to the Surrealist group.
    Image: Colección del Museo Soumaya


    Arts & Culture


    Biblioteca Nacional de Chile
    Chile's National Library (in Spanish)

    Stockholm Challenge Award Memoria Chilena
    A web site based on the digitalization of the Chilean cultural inheritance. (in Spanish)

    Municipal de Santiago
    Chile's National Opera Santiago.


    Pablo Neruda
    Neftalí Ricardo Reyes Basoalto
    Bibliography of Pablo Neruda, winner of the Nobel Prize in Literature 1971 at the Nobel Foundation.

    Pablo Neruda - Biography
    A brief, hypertext-annotated biography at the Electronic Nobel Museum Project website.

    Fundación Pablo Neruda
    Neruda Foundation.


    Sports
    Caballo y Rodeo
    Horse and Rodeo - Official website of the Federation of Chilean Horse Breeders and the National Sports Federation of the Chilean Rodeo.


    Soccer - Fútbol
    Federación de Fútbol de Chile
    Football Federation of Chile

     

     


    Business & Economy of Chile



    Banco Central de Chile
    Central Bank of Chile.

    Bolsa de Comercio de Santiago
    Santiago Stock exchange.

    Cámara de Comercio de Santiago
    Santiago Chamber of Commerce.


    Transportation

    Airlines
    LATAM
    Chilean airline holding company, formerly LAN Airlines S.A. and LanChile Airlines.


    Railroad
    Empresa de los Ferrocarriles del Estado
    Chile State Railway.

     

     


    Tourism in Chile



    Conguillío Lake, Araucanía Region of Chile
    Conguillío Lake within Conguillío National Park with the Andes in background, the national park is situated in the Araucanía Region of Chile.
    Image: Turismo Chile


    Destination Chile - Travel and Tour Guides



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    Discover Chile: the Andes, Atacama desert, volcanoes and lakes, Santiago, Valparaíso, Farellones/El Colorado, island of Chiloé, Valle del Encanto, Parque Nacional Lauca, Patagonia, Torres del Paine National Park, Easter Island, Isla de Pascua, Rapa Nui, Juan Fernández archipelago.
    Accommodation, hotels, attractions, festivals, events, tourist boards, biking, hiking, mountaineering, climbing, skiing, cruising, diving, adventure tours and much more.


    Chile Touristico
    Tourist Information by the National Service for Tourism. (in Spanish)

    Chile Travel
    Official Chile Tourism and Travel site with links and information about Chilean tour operators, e.g.:

    This is Chile
    Chile travel information.

    Mountaineering in Chile
    Information on mountaineering and climbing the Andes mountain range.


    NoevoAnden
    A Chile guide by Carlos Lowry (in Spanish).

     Go Chile
    Chile Travel Guide.

    VisitChile.com
    The site offers country information and touristic services.

    Kids
    Chile Para Niños
    A Chile for kids portal site (in Spanish).



    Rano Raraku, Easter Islands, Chile
    Rano Raraku, Easter Islands, Chile
    Image: Alanbritom

    Easter Island - Rapa Nui (3700 km (2294 mi) west of the Chilean mainland)

    Easter Island Foundation and Easter Island Guidebook
    Visitor's guide with information on Easter Island.






    Calle Templeman, Cerro Alegre, Valparaíso
    Calle Templeman, Cerro Alegre, Valparaíso
    Image: Naslo.veliz


    UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Chile
    World Heritage Site Rapa Nui National Park
    Monumental sculptures and architecture of Polynesian origin on Easter Island (Rapa Nui).

    World Heritage Site Churches of Chiloé
    Unlike classical Spanish colonial architecture, the churches in the Chiloé Archipelago are made entirely in native timber with extensive use of wood shingles.

    World Heritage Site Historic Quarter of the Seaport City of Valparaíso
    19th-century urban and architectural development in Latin America.

    World Heritage Site Sewell Mining Town
    The now abandoned mining town in the Andes Cordillera is located above the world’s largest underground copper mine, El Teniente.
     

     


    Education in Chile



    Building of the University of Chile in Santiago
    University of Chile in Santiago.
    Image: GameOfLight


    Universities
    Universidad de Chile
    University of Chile, the oldest (founded in 1842) and one of the most prestigious universities in the country, the public university is located in Santiago.
    Universidad de Santiago de Chile
    Official site of the University of Santiago de Chile, the former Spanish School of Arts and Crafts was founded in 1849.
    Andrés Bello National University
    Chilean private university created in 1988.
    Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile (UC)
    Major university and one of the six Catholic Universities in Chile.

    Others
    Center for Mathematical Modeling CMM
    A prosperous department of Mathematical Engineering at Universidad de Chile.
     


    Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory, Chile
    Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory in the Coquimbo Region of northern Chile.
    Image: Turismo Chile


    Astronomical Observatories in Chile
    Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory (CTIO)
    CTIO is a complex of astronomical telescopes and instruments available for use for approved projects by qualified astronomers.

    European Southern Observatory (ESO)
    ESO an intergovernmental, European organisation for astronomical research operates the La Silla Observatory and the Paranal Observatory in Chile.



    Motion of the stars through the southern sky. The image was taken at Cerro Armazones, a mountain peak 3046 m above sea level, in the central part of the Atacama Desert, in the Chilean Andes.
    Image: ESO/S. Brunier
     

     


    Environment & Nature



    Flamingos in the Laguna Chaxa in Chile
    Flamingos in the Laguna Chaxa, a lake in the Los Flamencos National Reserve in Chile.
    Image: Z_thomas


    Natural Resources Information Center (CIREN)
    Government funded research institute, focusing in natural resources inventory.

    Comisión Nacional del Medio Ambiente (CONAMA)
    Official website of the National Commission of Environment. (in Spanish)

    Pumalin Park
    A guide to the Pumalin Park, and about the private environmental protection project of the Conservation Land Trust (a U.S. environmental foundation)

    Protecting the Valdivian forests of Chile and Argentina
    World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF) conservation project for the rainforest ecoregion of Chile and Argentina.
     

     


    Chile History



    Book illustration  Persecution of the Pehuenche
    Persecution of the Pehuenche. The abduction of women by natives was a popular genre in the paintings of that time.
    Image: Illustration from the book "Reise In Chile, Peru Und Auf Dem Amazonenstrome" (1834-36) by German botanist and explorer Eduard Friedrich Poeppig.


    Stockholm Challenge Award Memoria Chilena
    A web site based on the digitalization of the Chilean cultural inheritance.

    Biblioteca virtual del Bicentenario 1810 - 2010
    200 years of Literature and History of Chile, Chile's National Library provides books and essays for download (in Spanish).

    History of Chile
    Wikipedia page about Chile's history (in many languages, even in Latin).

    Operation Condor
    Operation Condor was a United States–backed campaign of political repression and state terror in countries of southern South America.

    WWW-VL History Index
    Comprehensive index of sites related to Chile's history.
     

     


    Indigenous People of Chile



    Chemamull Cerro ?ielol Chile
    Chemamull, a wooden Mapuche statue on ?ielol hill in Cerro ?ielol National Tourism Park in the Araucania region of Chile.
    Image: Javier Ignacio Acu?a Ditzel

    Indigenous peoples in Chile include the Mapuche, the Aymara, the Lickan Antay of the Atacama, the Pehuenche, the Polynesian Rapa-Nui of Easter Island and a few remaining survivors of several Fuegian nations, such as the Yagana, and Kawesqar of Tierra del Fuego.

    IWGIA Chile
    International Work Group for Indigenous Affairs IWGIA about indigenous peoples in Chile.

    Lickan Antay
    UK'S Guardian article about the Atacama desert, its people the Lickan Antay and the impact of tourism.

    Minority Rights Group - Chile
    Directory of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples.

    Indigenous peoples in Chile
    Wikipedia articel about Indigenous peoples in Chile.
     

     


    Additional Information




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    Additional Information on Chile


    Amnesty International: Chile

    BBC Country Profile: Chile

    FAO: Chile

    GlobalEDGE: Chile

    The Heritage Foundation: Chile

    Human Rights Watch: Chile

    OEC: Chile

    Reporters Without Borders: Chile

    Chile - LANIC
    Latin American Network Information Center on Chile.

    Wikipedia: Chile

    The World Factbook -- Chile
     

     



     
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