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    ___ Croatia

    Paklinski islands, Croatia
    Paklinski islands: Mali Vodnjak (r), Veli Vodnjak (m), Travna and Par?anj (l). The island in the back is Vis.
    Image: Jadvinia
     
    Flag of Croatia
    Flag of Croatia

    Location map of Croatia. Where in Europe is Croatia
    Location map of Croatia

     
    A virtual guide to Croatia, officially the Republic of Croatia, a country on the north western edge of the Balkan Peninsula in southern Europe, formerly a constituent republic of Yugoslavia. Five countries border Croatia: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Hungary, Montenegro, Serbia, and Slovenia, and it shares a sea border with Italy.

    Croatia covers an area of 56,594 km2, compared Croatia is slightly larger than bordering Bosnia and Herzegovina, or slightly smaller than the U.S. state of West Virginia.

    The country offers a long coastline with over a thousand islands along its coast at the Adriatic Sea (Mediterranean Sea), a variety of medieval towns and villages, and a pleasant Mediterranean climate, such features made it a popular holiday destination within Europe.

    Croatia has a population of 4,2 million people (in 2015). Capital and largest city is Zagreb. Spoken language is Croatian.



    Republic of Croatia | Republika Hrvatska


    Country Profile



    Background:
    The lands that today comprise Croatia were part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire until the end of World War I. In 1918, the Croats, Serbs, and Slovenes formed a kingdom known after 1929 as Yugoslavia. Following World War II, Yugoslavia became an independent communist state under the strong hand of Marshal TITO.

    Although Croatia declared its independence from Yugoslavia in 1991, it took four years of sporadic, but often bitter, fighting before occupying Serb armies were mostly cleared from Croatian lands.
    Under UN supervision the last Serb-held enclave in eastern Slavonia was returned to Croatia in 1998.

    In 2013 Croatia joined the European Union as its 28th member state.
     
     

    Official Name:
    Republika Hrvatska
    short form: Hrvatska
    int'l long form: Croatia
    int'l short form: Republic of Croatia
    former: People's Republic of Croatia, Socialist Republic of Croatia.

    ISO Country Code: hr, HRV

    Time:
    Time Zone:
    Local Time = UTC +1h
    Actual Time: Tue-Nov-24  13:51

    Country Calling Code: +385

    Capital City: Zagreb (pop. 780 000)

    Other Cities: Split (189 000), Rijeka (144 000), Osijek (115 000), Zadar (72 000), Dubrovnik (44 000).

    Government:
    Parliamentary Democracy.
    Constitution: Adopted 12 December 1990.
    Independence: 25 June 1991 (from Yugoslavia).

    Geography:
    Location: Croatia is situated between central and eastern Europe bordering the Adriatic Sea between Slovenia and Bosnia and Herzegovina.
    Area: 56,594 km2 (21,851 sq. mi.)
    Terrain: Rocky coastlines, flat plains along Hungarian border, densely wooded mountains, lakes, and rolling hills.

    Climate: In the north it is continental, Mediterranean along the coast, and a semi-highland and highland climate in the central region.

    People:
    Nationality: Noun: Croats, adjective--Croatian
    Population: 4.2 million (2015)
    Ethnic groups: Croat 90%, Serb 4.5%, other 5.9% (including Bosniak, Hungarian, Slovene, Czech, and Roma)
    Religions: Catholic 88%, Orthodox 4.5%, Slavic Muslim 1.3%, others 6.5%.
    Languages: Croatian (South Slavic language, using the Roman script).
    Literacy: 98%

    Natural resources: Oil, some coal, bauxite, low-grade iron ore, calcium, gypsum, natural asphalt, silica, mica, clays, salt, hydropower.

    Agriculture products: Wheat, corn, sugar beets, sunflower seed, barley, alfalfa, clover, olives, citrus, grapes, soybeans, potatoes; livestock, dairy products.

    Industries: Chemicals, machine tools, fabricated metal, steel products, aluminum, electronics, paper, wood products, textiles, shipbuilding, petroleum and petroleum refining, food and beverages, tourism.

    Exports - commodities: transport equipment, machinery, textiles, chemicals, foodstuffs, fuels.

    Exports partners: Italy 13.4%, Slovenia 12.5%, Germany 11.4%, Bosnia and Herzegovina 9.9%, Austria 6.6%, Serbia 4.9% (2015)

    Imports - commodities: machinery, transport and electrical equipment; chemicals, fuels and lubricants; foodstuffs.

    Imports partners: Germany 15.5%, Italy 13.1%, Slovenia 10.7%, Austria 9.2%, Hungary 7.8% (2015)

    Currency: Kuna (HRK)

    Croatia in Figures
    Key statistical data of Croatia.
     

    St. Mark's Square in Zagreb, Croatias capital city. St. Mark's Church on the left. The square is the location of important governmental buildings: Banski dvori (the seat of the Government of Croatia), the Croatian Parliament (Hrvatski sabor) and the Constitutional Court of Croatia.
    Image: Jorge Láscar

    Official Sites of Croatia

    Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

    President of the Republic of Croatia
    Official website of the President's office.

    Croatian Parliament (Hrvatski sabor)
    Official website of the Croatian Parliament.

    Government of the Republic of Croatia
    Official Site of the Government of the Republic of Croatia.


    Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Ministarstvo vanjskih i europskih poslova)
    Croatia's Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs.

    Diplomatic Missions:
    Permanent Mission of the Republic of Croatia to the UN
    The Permanent Representation of Croatia to the United Nations - New York.
    Embassy of the Republic of Croatia in the United States of America
    Croatia's Embassy at Massachusetts Ave., Washington DC.


    HIDRA
    Croatian Information and Documentation Referral Agency, the official information portal.


    Statistics
    Hrvatski zavod za statistiku
    Croatian Bureau of Statistics.

    Croatia in Figures
    Key statistical data of Croatia.


    Weather
    Drzavni hidrometeoroloski zavod
    Meteorological and Hydrological Service of Croatia.


    Maps

    profile Map of Croatia
    Political Map of Croatia.
    Google Earth Google Earth Croatia
    Searchable map and satellite view of Croatia.
    Google Earth Google Earth Zagreb
    Searchable map and satellite view of Croatia's capital.

    Continent:
    Map of the Mediterranean
    Political Map of the Mediterranean.
    Map of the Balkan Peninsula
    Political Map of the Balkans.
    Map of Europe
    Political Map of Europe.
     

    Croatia News


    HINA
    Croatian News Agency covers Croatia related news also in English.

    24sata
    Croatian daily newspaper published in Zagreb (in Croatian)
    Glas Istre
    Daily news coverage (in Croatian)
    Jutarnji
    Croatian news - daily, Zagreb (in Croatian)
    Nacional
    Weekly magazine with national and international news (in Croatian)
    Novi List
    Croatian daily (in Croatian)
    Vecernji list
    Daily news (in Croatian)
     

    Bookmark/share this page
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    Zagreb city center
    Zagreb seen from Strossmayer Promenade, a green terraced walkway that connects Zagreb’s upper town with the city center.
    Image: Miroslav Vajdi?

    Arts & Culture


    Culturenet.hr
    A virtual portal to Croatian Culture with information on Croatian culture institutions festivals and cultural events.

    Dubrovnik Summer Festival
    Annual cultural festival presents Philharmonic Orchestras, National Folk Dance and Song, Jazz, and Ballet.

    Museum of Arts & Crafts
    The museums official website (in Croatian).

    Museum Documentation Center
    Serves as the documentation, information and communication node of the Croatian museum network, provides a list of museums in Croatia.
     
    Velebit Mountain
    Velebit Mountain - a symbol for Croatia's national identity © CNTB

    Business & Economy


    Hrvatska Narodna Banka
    Central Bank Croatia (in Croatian)

    Zagreb Stock Exchange ZSE
    ZSE is Croatia's only stock exchange located in Zagreb. The exchange trades shares of Croatian companies, as well as bonds and commercial bills.

    Hrvatska gospodarska komora
    Croatian Chamber of Economy.


    __ Transportation

    Airlines
    Croatia Airlines
    The national airline and flag carrier of Croatia, with its hub at Zagreb Airport. The airline operates domestic and international services predominantly to destinations within Europe.

    Airport
    Zagreb Airport
    Craoatia's principal airport provides traveller information, history, maps, distance chart, facilities, and timetable.


    Rail
    Hrvatske eljeznice HZPP
    HZPP is the national railway company of Croatia.

     
     
    Plitvice Lakes National Park
    Plitvice Lakes National Park, a forest reserve in central Croatia.
    Image: ? Plitvi?ka Jezera

    Travel and Tour Consumer Information


    Destination Croatia - Travel and Tour Guides


    Discover Croatia:
    Islands: (there are over a thousand islands in Croatia) Bra? Island, Hvar Island, Kor?ula Island, Krk, Lokrum, Lo?inj Island, Mljet Island, Paklinski Islands, Vis Island
    National Parks: Krka National Park, Marjan Hill, Plitvice Lakes National Park, Velebit Mountain National Park
    Cities: Dubrovnik, Hvar, Pore?, Split, Zagreb
    Find accommodation, hotels, attractions, festivals, events, tourist boards, biking, skiing, hiking, climbing, cruising, diving, tours and much more.


    Trakoscan Castle
    Trakoscan Castle in northern Croatia.
    Photo: sanja mm

    Croatian National Tourist Board
    The central tourism portal with general information about traveling Croatia.

    Tourist Association of Lika-Senj County
    Travel information for the regions of Lika, Podgorje, Gacka, and the island of Pag.
    Tourist Association of Grada Senja
    Tourism information for the region around Senj.
    Tourist Board Karlobag
    Information on tourism, accommodation and cultural heritage of Karlobag region.
    Tourist Association Starigrad - Paklenica
    Tourism information for Paklenica riviera.

    Cities
    Zagreb Art Pavilion
    Zagreb, Croatia's capital city with the 19th-century Art Pavilion.
    Photo: croatia.hr

    Zagreb
    Capital and largest city in the Republic of Croatia.
    Zagreb Tourist Board
    Official website of the board with tourism information for Zagreb.
    Dubrovnik
    City of Dubrovnik (in Croatian)
    Dubrovnik Tourist Board
    Tourism information about one of the most prominent Croatian tourist resorts.
    Otocac
    Tourist Association of the Town of Otocac.


    UNESCO World Heritage Sites
    World Heritage Site Episcopal Complex of the Euphrasian Basilica in the Historic Centre of Pore?
    Group of religious monuments in Porec.
    World Heritage Site Historic City of Trogir
    Trogir is an excellent example of a medieval town.
    World Heritage Site Historical Complex of Split with the Palace of Diocletian
    The ancient Diocletian's Palace from the late 3rd and the early 4th centuries A.D., forms about half the old town and city center of Split.
    World Heritage Site Old City of Dubrovnik
    The city of Dubrovnik, the 'Pearl of the Adriatic' on the Dalmatian coast, was an important Mediterranean sea power from the 13th century onwards.
    World Heritage Site Stari Grad Plain
    Cultural landscape on the Adriatic island of Hvar that remained practically intact since it was first colonized by Ionian Greeks.
    World Heritage Site Plitvice Lakes National Park
    Plitvi?e Lakes National Park is a 295 km2 forest reserve in central Croatia. It is known for a chain of 16 terraced lakes, joined by waterfalls, that extend into a limestone canyon.

    Dubrovnik, old city with catherdal and church
    View of the old city with catherdal and church in Dubrovnik.
    Image: László Szalai




    Rectorate and Faculty of Law, University of Zagreb
    University of Zagreb, Rectorate and Faculty of Law.
    Image: Suradnik13

    Education


    Hrvatska akademija znanosti i umjetnosti
    Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts.

    University of Zagreb
    The University of Zagreb (1669) is the oldest and biggest university in South-Eastern Europe.
     
     

    Environment & Nature


    Kornati Islands
    The largest archipelago in the Adriatic Sea; consists of 147 islands, islets and reefs.

    Velebit Mountain National Park
    Velebit is the holy mountain of the Croats.

    Krka National Park
    The park in the territory of Sibnik-Knin County includes one or more preserved or insignificantly altered ecosystems.

    National Park Mljet
    A national park on the small Adriatic island of Mljet.

    Plitvice Lakes National Park
     
    Kornati
    Kornati Islands
    © CNTB - Photo: Ivo Pervan
    Korcula Old Town, Kor?ula island, Croatia
    Korcula Old Town, Kor?ula island, Croatia.
    Image: Hilthart Pedersen

    History


    Historical Cultural overview
    Croatia's history.

    Croatia - an Overview of its History, Culture and Science
    Comprehensive information about Croatia's history.
     
     

    Search

    CroLinks
    List of Croatian links on the Net
    WWW.HR
    The Directory of Croatian WWW Servers.

    Sources and additional Information on Croatia


    Amnesty International: Croatia

    BBC Country Profile: Croatia

    EU Member Countries: Croatia

    FAO: Croatia

    GlobalEDGE: Croatia

    The Heritage Foundation: Croatia

    Human Rights Watch: Croatia

    OEC: Croatia

    Reporters Without Borders: Croatia

    Wikipedia: Croatia

    The World Factbook -- Croatia
     
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