Kypriake Demokratia (Greek), Kibris Cumhuriyeti (Turk.)
short form: Kypros (Greek), Kibris (Turk.)
int'l long form: Republic of Cyprus
int'l short form: Cyprus
(the Turkish Cypriot area refers to itself as the "Turkish Republic of Northern
Cyprus" (TRNC), only recognized by Turkey)
ISO Country Code
: CY, CYP
Local Time = UTC +2h
Summer Time (DST) UTC +3
Country Calling Code
Capital City: Nicosia (Lefkosia)
(pop. 197 800)
Larnaca, Limassol (Lemesos)
Famagusta, Paphos, Kyrenia, Morphou.
Independence: 16 August 1960 (from the UK).
Constitution: 16 August, 1960.
Location: Middle East, an island in the Mediterranean Sea, south of Turkey.
: 9,251 km2 (3,572 sq. mi.)
Terrain: Central plain with mountain ranges to the north and south.
Mediterranean climate with hot, dry summers and cool, wet winters.
: 848,000 (2015 census)
Ethnic groups: Greek (77%), Turkish (18%), Armenian and other (4%).
Religions: Greek Orthodox, Muslim, Maronite, Roman Catholic, Armenian Orthodox.
Literacy: about 99%.
Copper, pyrites, asbestos, gypsum, timber, salt, marble,
clay earth pigment.
Potatoes, citrus, vegetables, barley, grapes, olives,
vegetables, poultry, pork, lamb, kids, dairy.
Food, beverages, textiles, chemicals, metal products, tourism,
Greek Cypriot area: Beginning 1 January 2008, the Cyprus Pound (CYP) was replaced by the euro;
Turkish Cypriot area: Turkish Lira (TRL)
Exports partners: Turkey
40%; direct trade between the area administered by Turkish Cypriots and the area under government control remains limited
Imports partners: Turkey
60%; direct trade between the area administered by Turkish Cypriots and the area under government control remains limited
Cyprus in Figures
Cyprus key statistical data.