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    Home  Earth  Continents Countries of Europe

    Countries of Europe


    Mont Saint-Michel, island, monastry and town in the Normandy
    The monastic island of Mont-Saint-Michel. The Gothic-style Benedictine abbey in the Normandy was built between the 11th and 16th centuries. Mont-Saint-Michel and its Bay is since 1979 a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
    Image: Mathias Neveling

     

    European Regions

    Conventionally there are four main geographical regions or subregions in Europe.

    Northern Europe Western Europe Eastern Europe Southern Europe

     

    Some Facts about Europe



    Map of Countries in Europe
    Map of Countries in Europe


    Europe is the second-smallest continent, and it could be described as a large peninsula or as a subcontinent. Europe is the western portion of the Eurasian landmass and is located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere. Several larger islands belong to Europe, such as Iceland or the British Isles with the UK and Ireland.

    Area
    With an area of 10.2 million km2 (3,938,000 sq mi), Europe is 20% larger than the contiguous United States. The European Union has an area (without the UK) of over 4.23 million km2 (1.6 million sq mi).



    How many countries are there in Europe?
    Europe is shared by 50 countries. By the conventional definition, there are 44 sovereign states or nations in Europe. Not included are several countries namely Turkey, which occupies only a small part of East Thrace on the European Balkan Peninsula.
    Cyprus, an island in the Mediterranean Sea, is geographically part of Asia Minor (Middle East).
    The Faroe Islands, an island group between the Norwegian Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean are a self-governing territory of the Kingdom of Denmark.
    Greenland, which geographically belongs to North America, is as well an autonomous Danish territory.
    Kosovo is a partially recognized state in the Balkans.
    A small piece of Western Kazakhstan is also considered to be part of Europe.


    Population
    An estimated 747 million people live in Europe. The most populous country in Europe is the European part of Russia with a population of 110 million people, followed by Germany with 83 million citizens, and Metropolitan France with 67 million inhabitants (in 2020).
    (Source: UN World Population Prospects)


     
    Country
    Pop.
    (1000)
    Maps
    Capital

      Northern Europe

    Northern lights (Aurora borealis) over the Lyngen fjord in Norway
    Northern lights, also known as Aurora borealis, over the Lyngen fjord in Troms county of Norway.
    Image: Simo R?s?nen
     
     
    Northern Europe refers to the portion of Europe to the north of Western Europe, the English Channel, and the Baltic Sea; it also includes the Baltic republics of Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania.

    According to the United Nations Population Division, approximately 105 million people live in Northern Europe (in 2019).
    See also: Map of Northern Europe.
     
    * Denmark 5,814 Denmark Map Copenhagen
    * Estonia 1,304 Estonia Map Tallinn
       Faroe Islands (DK) 50 Faroe Is. Map Tórshavn
    * Finland 5,561 Finland Map Helsinki
       Greenland (DK) 56 Greenland Map Nuuk (Godthab)
    + Iceland 341 Iceland Map Reykjavik
    * Ireland 4,847 Ireland Map Dublin (City)
    * Latvia 1,911 Latvia Map Riga
    * Lithuania 2,864 Lithuania Map Vilnius
       Northern Ireland (UK) 1,885 Ireland Map Belfast
    + Norway 5,401 Norway Map Oslo
       Scotland (UK) 5,424 UK Map Edinburgh
    Glasgow
    * Sweden 10,053 Sweden Map Stockholm
    * United Kingdom 66,959 UK Map London
    Birmingham, Manchester
       Wales (UK) 3,125 UK Map Cardiff
     

      Western Europe

    Peak of the Matterhorn mountain in Swtzerland
    The near-symmetrical pyramidal peak of the Matterhorn (height: 4,478 m). The famous mountain in Switzerland is situated in the Pennine Alps between the Swiss town of Zermatt and the Italian alpine resort of Breuil-Cervinia.
    Image: Gürkan Myczko
     
     
    Western Europe is the western part of Europe; it is bounded by the Atlantic Ocean in the west, the English Channel and the North Sea to the north, and by the Alps in the south.

    According to the United Nations Population Division, approximately 194 million people live in Central Europe (in 2019).
     
    * Austria 8,766 Austria Map Vienna (Wien)
    * Belgium 11,563 Belgium Map Brussels
    * France 65,481 France Map Paris
    * Germany 82,439 Germany Map Berlin
    + Liechtenstein 38   Vaduz
    * Luxembourg 597 Luxembourg Map Luxembourg
    * Netherlands 17,133 Netherlands Map The Hague, Amsterdam
    + Switzerland 8,608 Switzerland Map Bern - Zürich
     

      Eastern Europe

    Wilanów Palace in Warsaw
    The entry of the Baroque Wilanów Palace in Warsaw. The palace is one of Poland's most significant monuments; it was built for King John III Sobieski in the late 17th century.
    Image: kk nationsonline.org
     
     
    Conventionally Eastern Europe?is the geographical region east of Germany and west of the Ural Mountains. The United Nations geoscheme lists ten countries including the former Eastern bloc countries of Poland, Czechia, and Slovakia (formerly Czechoslovakia), Hungary, Romania, and Bulgaria, the former Soviet republics of Belarus and Ukraine, as well as European Russia.

    According to the United Nations Population Division, approximately 290 million people live in Eastern Europe (in 2019).
     
       Belarus 9,434 Belarus Map Minsk
    * Bulgaria 6,989 Bulgaria Map Sofia
    * Czech Republic 10,631 Czechia Map Prague
    * Hungary 9,655 Hungary Map Budapest
       Moldova 4,030 Moldova Map Chisinau
    * Poland 38,028 Poland Map Warsaw
    * Romania 19,483 Romania Map Bucharest
      Russian Federation 143,896 European Russia Map Moscow
    * Slovakia 5,451 Slovakia Map Bratislava
       Ukraine 43,795 Ukraine Map
    Crimea Map
    Kiev
     

      Southern Europe

    View of Lisbon from Parque Eduardo VII, with the Tagus river in the background
    View of Lisbon from Parque Eduardo VII, with the Tagus river in the background. Lisbon is the capital and largest city of Portugal, the westernmost country of mainland Europe.
    Image: kk nationsonline.org
     
     
    Southern Europe or Mediterranean Europe refers to the mainly subtropical southern portion of the continent. The region is bounded by the Mediterranean Sea in the south. There are 13 sovereign countries in Southern Europe; seven of those states are members of the European Union.
    In 2019 an estimated 152 million people live in Southern Europe (not including the population of Southern France and East Thrace.)
     
       Albania 2,938 Albania Map Tirana
       Andorra 77   Andorra la Vella
       Bosnia & Herzegovina 3,502 Bosnia & Herzegovina Map Sarajevo
       Croatia (Hrvatska) 4,140 Croatia Map Zagreb
    * Cyprus 1,198 Cyprus Map Nicosia (Lefkosia)
       Gibraltar (UK) 35   Gibraltar
    * Greece 11,125 Greece Map Athens
    * Italy 59,217 Italy Map Rome - Milan
    Kosovo Flag   Kosovo 1,809   Pristina
      North Macedonia, Rep. of 2,087 Macedonia Map Skopje
    * Malta 433 Valletta
       Monaco 38   Monaco
       Montenegro 629 Montenegro Map Podgorica
    * Portugal 10,255 Portugal Map Lisbon
       San Marino 34   San Marino
       Serbia 8,733 Serbia Map Belgrade
    * Slovenia 2,082 Slovenia Map Ljubljana
    * Spain 46,441 Spain Map Madrid
      Turkey (East Thrace) 1,000 Turkey Map Ankara - Istanbul
      Vatican City State 1 Holy See Map Vatican City
     

    Population source: population.un.org/wpp/




    View of the Mont Blanc massif  situated in France and Italy
    View of the Mont Blanc massif. The Mont Blanc at 4,808.7 m (15,777 ft), is the highest mountain in Western Europe.
    Image: Angelomalvasia
     
    Highest Point
    With a height of 5,642 m, Mount Elbrus is Europe's highest mountain. The dormant volcano lies in the Caucasus Mountains in southern Russia.

    Mont Blanc at 4,808 m is the highest mountain in Western Europe and the highest peak of the Alps.


    Largest Lakes
    Lake Lagoda northeast of St Petersburg in Russia is the largest lake entirely in Europe with a surface area of 17,700 km2. Lake Onega located northeast of Lake Lagoda in European Russia has a surface area of 9,700 km2. Other major lakes are Lake V?nern in Sweden (largest lake in Western Europe) and Lake Saimaa in Finland.
    Lake Balaton in Hungary is the largest lake in Central Europe with a surface area of 592 km2.


    Longest River
    Europe's longest river is the Volga with a length of 3,530 km (2,190 mi); the river's catchment area is almost entirely inside Russia. The river flows into the Caspian Sea.

    The second-longest river in Europe is the Danube with a length of 2,850 km (1,770 mi), the longest river in the European Union region flows through ten countries and empties into the Black Sea.


    Major Geographical Regions of Europe
    Major geographical regions in Europe are Scandinavia and the Scandinavian Peninsula, the Baltic Sea, the North Sea, the British Isles, the Great European Plain, the Central European Uplands, the Alps, the Mediterranean, the Italian Peninsula and the Apennine Mountains, the Iberian Peninsula, the Pyrenees, the Balkans and the Balkan Peninsula, the Black Sea and the Caucasus.


    Languages of Europe
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    Major languages of Europe are English, French, German, Greek, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, Nordic Languages, and East European languages. (see also: Languages of Europe)


    keywords: countries of Europe, population of Europe, destination Europe, travel Europe, capitals Europe, Central Europe, North Europe, Southern Europe, East Europe

     

    More about Europe

    Capitals
    Capital Cities of Europe

    Maps
    Map of Europe
    Political map of Member States of the European Union and EFTA, with major cities and capitals.

    Map of Central and Eastern Europe
    Political map of Central and Eastern Europe.

    Map of the Baltic States
    Political Map of the Baltic Countries.

    Map of the Baltic Sea Area
    Map of countries around the Baltic Sea.

    Map of European Russia

    Map of the Mediterranean Region
    Map of countries around the Mediterranean Sea and the Black Sea.

    Map of the Balkan Peninsula

    Map of Iberian Peninsula
    Topographic Map of the Iberian Peninsula (Spain and Portugal).

    Map of Scandinavia
    Map of countries on the Scandinavian Peninsula.

    Languages
    profile Languages of Europe
    English, French, German.

    Flags
    Flags of Europe
     

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