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    ___ Finland

    Kirkkolahti lake at Pet?j?vesi
    Bay of Kirkkolahti lake at Pet?j?vesi, a municipality in the province of Western Finland.
    Image: Tiia Monto
     
    Flag of Finland
    Flag of Finland


    Location map of Finland. Where in Europe is Finland?
    Location map of Finland



    Destination Finland, a virtual guide to the parliamentary republic in Northern Europe. The country borders the Baltic Sea, the Gulf of Bothnia, and the Gulf of Finland, it maintains land borders with Norway, Sweden, and Russia, and it shares maritime borders with Estonia.

    Formerly a grand duchy in the Russian empire, the country became independent in 1917. Finland is since then a formally neutral country, and like Sweden not a member of NATO.

    Finland covers an area of 338,145 km2, making it almost the size of Germany, or slightly smaller than the US state of Montana. The country's landscape offers a lot of National Parks, covered mostly with coniferous taiga forests (78%), bogs and fens, it has rarely cultivated land. About 10% of its area is occupied by lakes, rivers and ponds. Halti Mountain at 1,324 m is Finland’s highest point.

    A population of 5.5 million people (in 2017) making Finland one of the most sparsely populated countries in Europe, about half of the population live in the southern coastal region. Capital and largest city is Helsinki, spoken languages are Finnish (89%), Swedish (5.3%), and Sami, a language spoken by the Laplanders (Sami), the indigenous people inhabiting the Arctic area of Sápmi.



    Republic of Finland | Republiken Finland


    Country Profile



    Background:
    Ruled by Sweden from the 12th to the 19th centuries and by Russia from 1809, Finland finally won its independence in 1917.

    During World War II, Finland was able to successfully defend its freedom and fend off invasions by the Soviet Union and Germany.

    In the subsequent half century, the Finns have made a remarkable transformation from a farm/forest economy to a diversified modern industrial economy; per capita income is now on par with Western Europe.

    As a member of the European Union, Finland was the only Nordic state to join the euro system at its initiation in January 1999.

     

    Official Name:
    Suomen tasavalta - Republiken Finland
    short form: Suomi - Finland
    int'l long form: Republic of Finland
    int'l short form: Finland

    ISO Country Code: fi, FIN

    Time:
    Time Zone: Eastern European Time
    Local Time = UTC +2h
    Actual Time: Fri-Nov-6  23:40
    Daylight Saving Time (DST) March - October (UTC +3)

    Country Calling Code: +358

    Capital City: Helsinki (pop. 560 500)

    Other Cities:
    Espoo (213 000), Tampere (195 500), Vantaa (178 500), Turku (173 000).

    Government:
    Type: Constitutional republic.
    Independence: 6 December 1917 (from the Russian Empire).
    Constitution: 17 July 1919, 1 March 2000.
    The new Finnish Constitution

    Geography:
    Location: Northern Europe
    Area: 338,145 km2 (130,558 sq. mi.)
    Terrain: Low but hilly, more than 70% forested, with more than 60 000 lakes.

    Climate: Northern temperate.

    People:
    Nationality: Noun--Finn(s). Adjective--Finnish.
    Population: 5.5 million (2017)
    Ethnic groups: Finns, Swedes, Lapps, Sami, Roma, Tatars.
    Religions: Lutheran 89%, Orthodox 1%.
    Languages: Finnish 93%, Swedish 6% (both official); small Lapp- and Russian-speaking minorities.
    Literacy: 100%

    Natural resources: Timber, iron ore, copper, lead, zinc, chromite, nickel, gold, silver, limestone.

    Agriculture products: Barley, wheat, sugar beets, potatoes; dairy cattle; fish.

    Industries: Metal products, electronics, shipbuilding, pulp and paper, copper refining, foodstuffs, chemicals, textiles, clothing.

    Exports - commodities: electrical and optical equipment, machinery, transport equipment, paper and pulp, chemicals, basic metals; timber

    Exports - partners: Germany 13.9%, Sweden 10.1%, USA 7%, Netherlands 6.6%, Russia 5.9%, UK 5.2%, China 4.7% (2015)

    Imports - commodities: foodstuffs, petroleum and petroleum products, chemicals, transport equipment, iron and steel, machinery, computers, electronic industry products, textile yarn and fabrics, grains

    Imports - partners: Germany 17%, Sweden 16%, Russia 11%, Netherlands 9.1%, Denmark 4.1% (2015)

    Currency: Euro (EUR)

    Finnish Parliament House in Helsinki, Finland
    The Parliament House in Helsinki is the seat of the Parliament of Finland.
    Image: Alexey Reshetnikov


    Official Sites of Finland

    Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

    Republiken Finlands President
    The President of the Republic of Finland.

    Finnish Government
    The Finnish Government's web site.

    Suomen Eduskunta
    The Parliament of Finland.
    Valtioneuvoston
    The Finnish Council of State.

    Suomi.fi - A gateway to public services
    Suomi.fi provides access to public sector services. It contains links to the Internet pages maintained by government organisations and agencies and municipal authorities.

    Suomen ulkoasiainministeriö
    The Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland.

    Diplomatic Missions
    Permanent Mission of Finland to the United Nations
    Finland's Permanent Mission to the UN, New York.
    Embassy of Finland in the U.S.
    Washington D.C.
    Finnish Diplomatic Missions Abroad
    List of Finnish Embassies, Permanent Representations and Special Representations and other Diplomatic Missions.
    Foreign Embassies and Consulates in Finland
    List of Foreign Diplomatic Representations in Finland.

    Statistics
    Tilastokeskus
    Statistics Finland

    Weather
    Ilmatieteen laitos
    The Finnish Meteorological Institute.

    Maps

    Map of Finland
    Political Map of Finland.
    Google Earth Google Earth Finland
    Searchable map and satellite view of Finland.
    Google Earth Google Earth Helsinki
    Searchable map and satellite view of Helsinki.

    Map of the Baltic Sea Area
    Political map of the Baltic Sea region.
    Map of Scandinavia
    Political Map of Scandinavia.
    Map of Europe
    Political Map of Europe.


     

    Finland News

    The Finnish government was the first in the world to make broadband internet access a legal right in 2009. Today Finland has one of the highest rates of internet penetration in the European Union. Ranked first in the World Press Freedom Index for the past five years, in the 2017 Index Finland has been replaced on the top spot by Norway.

    Helsingin Sanomat
    International Edition.
    NewsRoom Finland
    Daily news updates.
    Finnish News Agency STT
    News from Finnish News Agency STT
    English language headline news.

    Finnish Newspapers Association
    With Links to Finnish Newspapers.

    Radio/TV
    YLE Radio Finland
    The Finnish Broadcasting Company (yle), is the national public-broadcasting company, founded in 1926.
     

    Bookmark/share this page
    Instagram

    Arts & Culture


    great site This is Finland
    Things you should and shouldn't know.

    Finnish Design
    Guide to Finnish Design of today.
    Finnish sauna society
    Hot! Site offers information on all you ever want to know about the Finnish Sauna.
    Leningrad Cowboys
    All about the band with the international recognized bad taste in music.
    Due to a system failure their site is not available, read more about the Leningrad Cowboys in this Wikipedia article.
    great site Stupid Finnish Advertisements
    With translations and commentary.

    Ijahis idja
    Indigenous peoples music festival in Inari, Finland's largest, most sparsely populated municipality, located in Lapland.
    Siida
    A Window into Sámi Culture and Arctic Nature.

    Museum
    The Finnish Museums Association
    The central organization of the museums in Finland.
    The Finnish National Gallery
    The Museum of Contemporary Art
    The National Board of Antiquities
    The National Board of Antiquities Preserves Finland's Material Cultural heritage.
    The National Museum of Finland
    Finnish history from before Stone Age to the present day.


    Others
    Eurovision
    The European Song Contest. Finland has participated in the Eurovision Song Contest 50 times. Finland won the contest in 2006.
     


    Leningrad Cowboys cover
    Cover of the 2011 studio album by the Leningrad Cowboys.
    West Harbour, J?tk?saari district, Helsinki
    West Harbour is a passenger and cargo harbour in the J?tk?saari district of Helsinki, the capital city of Finland.
    Image: Diego Delso

    Business & Economy


    Suomen Pankki
    Bank of Finland with information on the Finnish economy and banking supervision.
    Hex Oyj
    Information on trading in Finnish stocks, derivatives, and mutual funds.

    Central Finland Chamber of Commerce
    Helsinki Chamber of Commerce

    Contact Finland
    A guide to Finnish Business Services, Organisations and Authorities.


    __Finnish Products

    Nokia
    Connecting not only Finnish People.

    __Transportation

    Airline
    Finnair
    Finland's Airline.

    Rail
    VR Passenger Service
    Finnish Railways.

    Port
    Port of Helsinki
    The Port of Helsinki is the main harbor for foreign trade and passenger traffic services in Finland.

    Ferries
    Silja Line
    Ferry line.
    Viking Line
    Ferry line.

    Bus
    Expressbus
    Routes cover the whole Finland, Stockholm in Sweden, Vyborg and St. Petersburg in Russia.
     
     
    Saana fell at Ala-Kilpisj?rvi lake in Enonteki?, Lapland
    Saana fell (one of the highest fells in Finland) near Kilpisj?rvi at Ala-Kilpisj?rvi lake in Enonteki?, Lapland.
    Image: Simo R?s?nen

    Travel and Tour Consumer Information


    Destination Finland - Country Guides


    Discover Finland:
    ?land (); Kilpisj?rvi (); Koli (famous for its tree-covered hill scenery);

    Levi (Ski resort in Kittil?); Luostarinm?ki (open-air museum in Turku with original 18th-century and early 19th-century buildings); Olavinlinna (15th-century castle in Savonlinna); Ranua Wildlife Park (northernmost zoo in the world); Rukatunturi (low-level ski resort in Kuusamo); Suomenlinna (18th century inhabited sea fortress and a UNESCO World Heritage Site); Santa Claus Village (Year-round Christmas in Rovaniemi, hohoho!); Saramo (); Siida (Sámi Museum on Lake Inari); Turku Castle (13th-century castle)
    Ut? island (small island in the Baltic Sea);


    Pieni Karhunkierros Trail, Oulanka National Park
    Pieni Karhunkierros Trail, Oulanka National Park
    Image: Timo Newton-Syms

    National Parks
    Hiidenportti National Park (wilderness with canyons and a prehistorical sacred place in Kainuu); Lemmenjoki National Park (in Lapland); Linnansaari National Park (in Savonia); Pyh?-Luosto National Park (in Lapland); Pallas-Yll?stunturi National Park (in the Lapland region); Oulanka National Park (in the Northern Ostrobothnia region); Repovesi National Park (); Riisitunturi National Park (); Urho Kekkonen National Park (in Lapland)

    The Official Travel Guide of Finland
    Official site of the Finnish Tourist Board with information about Finland as a tourist destination.

    Visit Finland
    with an Online Travel Guide.

    this is Finland - Virtual Finland
    A portal to Finland with comprehensive information on the country by Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland.


    Åland
    Åland Islands
    Travel Guide to the islands of Åland.

    City Guides

    Helsinki
    Helsinki
    Helsinki City Tourist & Convention Bureau provides tourism information for Helsinki.

    Other Cities:
    Espoo
    Espoo is Finland's second largest city.
    Tampere
    Site of the City of Tampere, third largest city in Finland.
    Vantaa
    Vantaa's official site.
    Turku
    Finlands Christmas City.

     
    Saami
    indigenous peoples Sámediggi
    The Saami Parliament in Finland.

    Sami Radio
    What happens in the Sami community.
    Saami Council
    The Saami Council is a voluntary Saami organization (NGO), with Saami member organizations in Finland, Russia, Norway and Sweden.

    F?rjsundet strait, ?land, Finland
    F?rjsundet strait from H?ga C tower in Finstr?m, ?land, Finland
    Image: Tomá? Klíma
     



    Education


    CIMO Discover Finland
    The Finnish National Agency for Education provides information about education, training and youth issues in Finland.
    Helsinki School of Economics and Business Administration
    Helsinki University of Technology
    Official site of the largest, oldest and most diversified university of technology and architecture in Finland.
    University of Helsinki
    Finland's largest university.
    Lapin yliopisto
    The University of Lapland with Faculties for Art and Design, Business and Tourism, Education, Law and Social Sciences.
    University of Oulu
    Official site of this science and learning institution.
    University of Vaasa
    A multidisciplinary, business-oriented university in the city of Vaasa.

     

    Environment & Nature


    www.environment.fi
    Official site of Finland's environmental administration.
    Metsähallitus
    Metsähallitus is a state enterprise whose main tasks are to supply wood to the forest industry and manage most of Finland's protected areas.

    Nature & the Environment
    Virtual Finland about Nature & the Environment of Finland.

    Finland's National Parks
    Site with information on Finland's 35 national parks.

    Finnish Nature League
    The Finnish Nature League is an environmental NGO dealing with mainly national level environmental problems.

    NorNet
    NorNet is the co-operation network of the northern Finnish environmental researchers of the University of Oulu and the Finnish Environmental Administration, the umbrella organisation for Finnish Environment Research institutions like:
    Finnish Game and Fisheries Research Institute (RKTL)
    Game and Fisheries.
    Finnish Forest Research Institute (METLA)
    Forests
    Geological Survey of Finland (GTK)
    Geoscientific information and services.
    SYKE
    Finnish Environment Institute.
     
     

    History


    History
    Comprehensive site about Finland's History by Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland.

    Main outlines of Finnish history
    Article about Finland's past.

     
     

    Search


    great site Virtual Finland
    Information and facts about Finland.

    Sources and additional Information on Finland


    BBC Country Profile: Finland

    Finland Basic Facts

    FAO: Finland

    GlobalEDGE: Finland

    The Heritage Foundation: Finland

    Human Rights Watch: Finland

    OEC: Finland

    Reporters Without Borders: Finland

    Wikipedia: Finland

    The World Factbook -- Finland
     
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