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    Zugspitze summit and H?llentalferner glacier, highest mountain in Germany
    The Zugspitze summit seen from the Alpspitze with the H?llentalferner glacier. With a hight of 2,962 m, it is Germany's highest mountain.
    Image: Christian Nawroth
     
    Location map of Germany. Germany in Europe
    Location map of Germany


    Flag of Germany
    Flag of Germany

    Destination Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany, a Nationsonline.org Country Profile of the sovereign state in Central Europe.

    Germany borders the North Sea, the Baltic Sea, and Denmark to the north, the Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, and France to the west, Switzerland, and Austria in the south, the Czechia and Poland in the east. Additionally, it shares maritime borders with Sweden and the United Kingdom.

    An area of 357,022 km2 makes Germany the seventh-largest country in Europe, compared; it is about two-thirds the size of France, or slightly smaller than the US state of Montana.

    Germany has a population of 83,2 million people (2019); the capital and largest city is Berlin, with about 3.3 million inhabitants.

    The official language is German (Standard German, German: Hochdeutsch), a variety of German dialects are spoken in specific regions. More than 50% of Germans speak English as a second language.

     
    Federal Republic of Germany | Deutschland


    Background
    The Federal Republic of Germany is located in the heart of Europe. The nation-state now known as Germany was first unified in 1871 as a modern federal state, the German Empire.

    In the first half of the 20th century, two devastating World Wars, of which Germany was responsible for, left the country occupied by the victorious Allied powers.
    With the advent of the Cold War, two German states were formed in 1949: the western Federal Republic of Germany (FRG) and the eastern German Democratic Republic (GDR).

    The democratic FRG embedded itself in Western economic and security organizations, the EEC and NATO, while the communist GDR was on the front line of the Soviet-led Warsaw Pact. The decline of the USSR and the fall of Communism enabled Germany's unification in 1990.

    With the unification of the two German states, the country became Europe's most populous nation (situated entirely in Europe) and strengthened its role as a key member of the European Union and the continent's economic, political, and security organizations.
     
     

     

    Country Profile



    Official Name:
    Bundesrepublik Deutschland

    local short form: Deutschland
    int'l long form: Federal Republic of Germany
    int'l short form: Germany
    former: German Empire, German Republic, German Reich.

    ISO Country Code: DE - DEU - .de

    Time zone: Central European Time (CET)
    Actual Time : Wed-Nov-11  13:28
    Local Time : CET = UTC +1h
    Daylight Saving Time (DST) March - October (UTC +2)

    Country Calling Code: +49

    Capital City: Berlin
    Former (transitional) Capital City: Bonn

    ...show more



    Official Sites of Germany

    Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

    Reichstag building in Berlin
    Relaxed citizens in front of the Reichstag building in Berlin. It is since 1999 the seat of the German parliament, officially: Deutscher Bundestag, Germany's only constitutional body. A full restoration of the historical Neorenaissance building was made after German's reunification on 3 October 1990.
    Image: kk nationsonline.org


    Political system
    Germany is a federal, parliamentary, representative democratic republic. Its political system is based on the constitutional law, known as the Grundgesetz (Basic Law) Germany's constitutional law was approved on 8 May 1949 in the city of Bonn, at that time the provisional German capital. The Federal Government and cabinet is made up of the Federal Chancellor and 15 Federal Ministers. Chief of State is the Federal President (Bundespr?sident), but his role is more ceremonial, Head of Government and the nation's leading political figure is the chancellor (Bundeskanzler).


    Government
    Bundespräsident
    Home page of the President of the Federal Republic of Germany. The Federal President is Germany's Head of State.

    Bundesregierung online
    Official site of the German Federal Government.

    Auswärtiges Amt
    The Foreign Office of the Federal Republic of Germany.

    deutschland.de
    The Germany portal "deutschland.de"

    Facts about Germany: History
    Information about Germany and its role in Europe.


    Diplomatic Missions
    The German UN Mission
    Homepage of the Permanent Mission of Germany to the United Nations.
    The German Embassy
    German Information Center, Washington D.C., provides comprehensive background information on Germany.

    German Missions abroad
    List of German Missions worldwide.
    Addresses of Foreign Missions in Germany
    List of addresses of Missions of foreign countries in Germany (in German).

    The German Federal States
    More Links and Information on and about all German Federal States.


    Statistics
    Statisches Bundesamt Deutschland
    The Federal Statistical Office provides Human Geography Data Collections.


    Weather
    Deutscher Wetterdienst (DWD)
    Meteorology and Climatology.

     

     


    Maps of Germany



    Germany Map
    Map of Germany (click map to enlarge)
    Image: ? nationsonline.org


    Maps

    Map of Germany
    Political Map of Germany.
    Administrative Map of Germany
    Map showing the federal states of Germany.

    Google Earth Google Map Germany (Deutschland)
    Searchable map of Germany.

    Information and searchable maps of major German Cities:
    Berlin, Bremen, Dresden, Düsseldorf, Erfurt, Frankfurt, Hamburg, Hannover, Kiel, Köln, Magdeburg, Mainz, München, Potsdam, Saarbrücken, Schwerin, Stuttgart, Wiesbaden


    Maps of the German States

    Map of the Baltic Sea Area
    Political map of the Baltic Sea region.
    Map of Europe
    Political Map of Europe.
     

     


    News from and about Germany



    German Newsstand


    Germany's major news sources

    great site Deutsche Welle (DW)
    [German Wave] DW is a German public international broadcaster with news and information in 35 languages.

    Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung - FAZ
    FAZ is a center-right, liberal-conservative German newspaper founded in 1949; FAZ English version).

    Handelsblatt
    Leading German-language business newspaper (English summaries).

    SPIEGEL
    Der Spiegel is a center-left German weekly magazine published in Hamburg. (in German, English version)

    Stern
    Weekly news magazine published in Hamburg (in German).

    Süddeutsche Zeitung
    Large German national daily newspaper, published in Munich.

    Tagesschau
    German national and international television news service (in German).

    Die Tageszeitung
    TAZ is a politically left-leaning German daily newspaper with a focus on current politics and social issues.

    Die Welt
    Center-right German national daily newspaper (in German).

    Die Zeit
    German national weekly newspaper published in Hamburg (in German).

    German Newspapers online
    More links to German newspapers online.
     

     


    Arts & Culture of Germany


    Portraits of Dürer, Gutenberg, Beuys, Beethoven, and Einstein
    German culture: Dürer, Gutenberg, Beuys, Beethoven, Einstein (l to r.)


    Arts & Culture



    Deutsche Kultur International
    ifa (Institut für Auslandsbeziehungen) is Germany’s oldest intermediary organisation for international cultural relations.

    Documenta
    The Documenta is an important exhibition of contemporary planetary art, which takes place every five years in the city of Kassel. Documenta fifteen takes place from 18 June to 25 September 2022.

    Alexander von Humboldt
    In search of knowledge far beyond the horizons of his time.
    Alexander von Humboldt
    Wikipedia entry for the Prussian polymath, geographer, naturalist, and explorer.

    Goethe-Institut
    Institution for cultural, social, and political communication between Germany and foreign countries in the media area.

    MASALA Welt-Beat Festival
    Summer in the City of Hannover, World Beat Festival, traditional and modern world music (site in German).


    Capricorn sculpture by Max Ernst (Kunsthalle Mannheim)
    Capricorn sculpture by Max Ernst in the Kunsthalle Mannheim.
    Image: kk nationsonline.org

    Max-Ernst-Museum
    The museum shows an overview of the extensive work of the Dadaist and Surrealist Max Ernst.

    Monopol
    Monopol - Magazin für Kunst und Leben

    royal preussen.de
    Official Website of The House of Hohenzollern.


    German Literature
    (a tiny selection)

    Bertolt Brecht
    The International Brecht Society Homepage is dedicated to the works and thoughts of Bertolt Brecht.
    Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
    Wikipedia entry about J.W. Goethe, one of the key figures of German literature.
    Grimm World
    GW Kassel transports the Brothers Grimm and their fairy tales into the modern era.
    19th-Century German Stories
    Stories by Wilhelm Busch, Eichendorff, Goethe, Brothers Grimm., E.T.A. Hoffmann and others (in German and English)
    Hermann Hesse
    The Steppenwolf's page (in English and German).
    Thomas Mann (Buddenbrookhaus)
    Maybe you will miss Felix Krull at Buddenbrookhaus somehow (in German).
    Karl-May-Stiftung
    Site about the storyteller by the Karl May Foundation.
    Perry Rhodan
    The world's most fantastic space adventure series, in print since 1961 (in German).

    Libraries and Archives
    Die Deutsche Bibliothek
    The national library and national bibliographic information center.

    Deutsche Digitale Bibliothek
    The virtual library will link 30,000 German cultural and scientific institutions and make them publicly accessible via a common platform.

    Deutsches Literaturarchiv Marbach
    Schiller National Museum / German Literature Archive, Marbach. Collection and research of the newer German literature.

    New books in German
    The web site presents regular reviews of new titles of contemporary German literature, particularly recommended for translation into English.

    Frankfurter Buchmesse
    The Frankfurt Book Fair is the largest international book fair in the world and is held in Frankfurt every year.


    German Cyberspace Culture

    great site netzpolitik.org
    A platform for the right of digital freedom (in German)
    politik-digital
    An independent information and communication platform in the field of internet and politics (in German)
    Perspective Daily
    First solution-oriented and advertising-free online medium from Germany (in German).
    Space Night
    Space and music on TV.
    web culture Telepolis
    German online magazine for politics and media in the digital age (in German).

    Bode Museum in Berlin, part of the Museum Island The Bode Museum in Berlin is part of the complex of museums on the Museum Island, a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
    Image: kk nationsonline.org

    Museums

    The Bauhaus, founded in Weimar 1919 by Walter Gropius, is until today one of the most famous and most avant-garde art and design schools.
    Bauhaus-Archiv Museum für Gestaltung
    The Bauhaus-Archive Museum of Design.
    Bauhaus Dessau Foundation
    Preserves and conveys the historical heritage of the Bauhaus.

    Deutsches Museum
    The world's largest museum of science and technology is located in Munich.

    cultural reference Bundeskunsthalle
    The Art and Exhibition Hall of the Federal Republic of Germany in Bonn.

    Germanisches Nationalmuseum
    Germany's largest museum of cultural history is located in Nuremberg; it houses an extensive collection of German culture and art from prehistory to the present.

    Museum Ludwig - Cologne
    The collection comprises the most important stages and positions in the development of 20th century and contemporary art.

    Naturmuseum Senckenberg
    Natural History Museum, Frankfurt.

    Pinakothek der Moderne
    The Bavarian State Painting Collections are shown in various museums in Munich.

    Staatliche Museen zu Berlin - Preussischer Kulturbesitz
    The National Museums in Berlin are a group of institutions in Berlin, Germany, comprising seventeen museums, several research institutes, libraries, and supporting institutions.


    Museumdirectories
    German Museums
    Wikipedia list of German Museums.


    Music
    Bayreuther Festspiele
    Götterdämmerung, Meistersinger, Lohengrin, Rheingold, Siegfried, etc.

    Berliner Philharmoniker
    The Berlin Philharmonic are regarded as one of the world's leading ensembles.

    Herbert Grönemeyer
    Mensch - contemporary German music.

    Kraftwerk
    Influential German electronic music.

    Scorpions
    Contemporary German music.

    Music of Germany
    Germany is home to some of the world's most renowned composers, singers, producers, and performers. The country is the largest music market in Europe and the third-largest in the world. Wikipedia entry about Music made in Germany.

     

     


    Business & Economy of Germany


    Port of Hamburg at Norderelbe river, with Stage Theater im Hafen
    Port of Hamburg at Norderelbe river, with Stage Theater im Hafen on the right site.
    Image: kk nationsonline.org

    German economy
    The German economy is the fifth-largest economy in the world in PPP terms and Europe's largest. Germany is a leading exporter of machinery, vehicles, chemicals, and household equipment and benefits from a highly skilled labor force. Like its Western European neighbors, Germany faces significant demographic challenges to sustained long-term growth. Low fertility rates and declining net immigration are increasing pressure on the country's social welfare system and necessitate structural reforms.


    Bundesministerium für Wirtschaft und Arbeit
    The Federal Ministry of Economics and Labour.

    Germany Trade and Invest
    The GTAI conducts marketing for Germany as a business location and offers a variety of useful information on business opportunities.

    Deutsche Börse AG
    German Stock Exchange.

    B?rse Frankfurt
    The site of B?rse Frankfurt offers access to share prices from Frankfurt and Xetra, index levels of indices such as DAX, MDAX and TecDAX, prices of raw materials, and currency levels.

    Deutsche Bundesbank
    The Germany Central bank.

    Deutsche Industrie- und Handelskammertag (DIHK)
    The Association of German Chambers of Industry and Commerce (DIHK) is the central organization for 82 German chambers.

    German American Chambers of Commerce
    The bilateral trade organization promotes German and German-American businesses.

    Do's and Don'ts
    The Devil is in the Details
    Etiquette Tips for Business Professionals.



    Transportation

    Airlines

    Deutsche Lufthansa
    The German flag carrier and the country's largest airline.

    Eurowings
    German low-cost airline based in Düsseldorf, a subsidiary of the Lufthansa Group.

    Condor
    German leisure airline based in Frankfurt offers 81 destinations worldwide.

    HLX
    German leisure airline based in Baden-Baden.

    TUIfly
    German leisure airline owned by the travel and tourism company TUI Group.


    Airports
    List of international airports in Germany

    Airports Berlin
    Berlin-Tegel and Berlin-Schönefeld
    Bremen Airport
    Dresden Airport
    Düsseldorf International Airport
    Erfurt-Weimar Airport
    Frankfurt Airport
    Hamburg Airport
    Hanover International Airport
    Köln Bonn Airport
    Leipzig/Halle Airport
    München Franz Josef Strauß
    Münster Osnabrück International Airport
    Nuremberg Airport (Flughafen Nürnberg)
    Saarbrücken Airport
    Stuttgart Airport


    DB locomotives Halle an der Saale
    DB locomotives Halle an der Saale
    Image: kk nationsonline.org

    Railroad
    Deutsche Bahn AG
    The former "Deutsche Bundesbahn". Timetable and Tickets of Deutsche Bahn online.


    German Brands
    List with some of the best-known brands from Germany.
    Deutsche Standards
    Made in Germany - Information on (traditional) German Brands (in German).

    A. Lange & S?hne
    Watches
    Abeking & Rasmussen
    Yacht- and Boatyard
    Adidas
    Largest sportswear manufacturer in Europe.
    Birkenstock
    Shoes, ugly but comfortable.
    Bosch
    German multinational engineering and technology company with headquarters in Gerlingen near Stuttgart.
    Faber-Castell
    Pencils
    Gerolsteiner
    Mineral water
    Glashütte
    Prestigious German watchmaking company.
    Heckler & Koch
    Guns, no roses.
    Heidelberg
    Printing machines
    Hugo Boss
    German luxury fashion house headquartered in Metzingen.
    J?germeister
    Herbal liqueur
    Leica
    Cameras
    Loewe
    Television sets
    Meissen
    Porzellan-Manufaktur Meissen.
    Miele
    High-end domestic appliances.
    Montblanc
    Luxury pens
    Puma
    Sportswear
    Rimowa
    Luggage
    Ritter Sport
    Square chocolate bars.
    Salzgitter AG
    Steel
    SAP
    Software
    Schott
    Glass
    Sennheiser
    Audio electronics
    Siemens
    Industrial manufacturing.
    Stihl
    Chainsaws
    ThyssenKrupp
    Steel
    Wella
    Hair care
    Zeiss
    Optical Systems.

    Cars
    Audi
    A typical German Car
    BMW
    A typical Bavarian Car
    Mercedes-Benz
    Typical German Car
    Porsche
    Also a very common German Car.
    Volkswagen
    A very typical German Car.


    Business Crime Control e.V.
    Civil rights movement devoted to combating business crime (in German).

    Verbraucherzentrale (vzbv)
    The Federation of German Consumer Organisations is a non-governmental umbrella organization of 42 German consumer associations.
     

     

    Schloss Neuschwanstein with Forggensee (lake)
    Schloss Neuschwanstein with Forggensee (lake) in background. Ludwig II, King of Bavaria, commissioned Germany's most famous castle.
    Image: Zeppelubil


    Destination Germany - Travel and Tour Guides


    Advertisement

    Discover Germany: Berlin, Hamburg, Köln (Cologne), München (Munich), Oktoberfest, Black Forest, German Alps, Bodensee (Lake of Constance), Zugspitze.
    Accommodation, hotels, attractions, festivals, events, tourist boards, biking, skiing, hiking, climbing, tours, and much more.


    Country Guides

    German National Tourist Board
    Germany - anything but typical, offers all the information for visitors to Germany.

    deutschland.de
    Your link to Germany. Portal of the Federal Republic of Germany, offers a representative collection of essential references to German information on the internet.

    Tatsachen über Deutschland
    Facts about Germany--the Federal Foreign Office provides up-to-date information on the Federal Republic of Germany.

    Germany Info
    The German Embassy at Washington also provides information on the country.

    The German Way
    Germany for Visitors - made by a visitor.


    City Guides

    Berlin Tourism
    The official tourism site of Berlin.
    Cologne (Köln)
    The official website of the City of Cologne.
    Munich (München)
    Bavaria's capital city online.

    Official City Sites
    Websites of German cities usually use the city name plus the .de extension, e.g., Heidelberg.de
    Home to Germany's oldest and one of Europe's most reputable universities.

    Berlin
    Stadt Berlin
    Bonn
    Bundesstadt Bonn
    Bremen
    Capital of the Free Hanseatic City of Bremen and home to the "Town Musicians of Bremen."
    Dortmund
    The largest city in the Ruhr area and home of Borussia Dortmund, one of the most successful football clubs in Germany.
    Düsseldorf
    Small cosmopolitan metropolis on the Rhine.
    Essen
    An important industrial city in the center of the Ruhr area.
    Frankfurt
    The largest city in the state of Hesse is home to Germany's busiest airport in terms of passenger volume and is one of the leading financial centers in the world.
    Hamburg
    Hamburg is the second-largest city in Germany and home to one of the world's largest transshipment ports.
    Hannover
    Hanover is the capital of the federal state of Lower Saxony and a major crossing point of railway lines and motorways.
    Stuttgart
    Stuttgart is the capital and largest city of the federal state of Baden-Württemberg.


    Tourism Guides for the German Federal States and Regions

    Tourismus Baden-Württemberg
    A guide to Baden-Württemberg.
    Bodensee Tourism
    Tourist information for the Bodensee (Lake of Constance) region.
    Schwarzwald Tourismus
    The official Black Forest Hompage, one of the famous and popular holiday regions in Germany.


    überlingen at Bodensee, Baden Württemberg
    überlingen with Bodensee (Lake of Constance) in background.
    Image: kk nationsonline.org


    Bayern Tourism
    The Bavarian Tourist Board, information about Bavarian tourism and tourism resorts.
    German Alpine Road - Deutsche Alpenstrasse
    Information on the German Alpine Road.
    Oktoberfest
    The Oktoberfest is world-famous and the largest folk festival in the world; it attracts around 6 million visitors every year.
    Oberammergau
    A play of life and death promised in a moment of mortal threat. Passion play since 1634.
    Zugspitze
    The Zugspitze is the highest peak of the Wetterstein Mountains and also Germany's highest summit (2,962 m).


    Brandenburg
    Brandenburg as a holiday destination.
    Hessen Touristik Service
    Tourist Guide Hesse, the official site.
    Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
    Discover the East of North Germany.
    Reiseland Niedersachsen
    Official tourism guide Lower-Saxony.
    Nordrhein-Westfalen Tourismus
    Official tourism guide of North Rhine-Westphalia.
    Rhineland-Palatinate
    A guide to the Rhineland-Palatinate's holiday regions.
    Urlaub im Saarland
    Holidays in the Saarland.
    Sachsen Tourismus
    Destination Saxony.
    Reiseland Sachsen-Anhalt
    Saxony-Anhalt tourism guide.
    Schleswig - Holstein Tourismus
    Schleswig - Holstein tourism guide.


    Mosel river near the town of Bremm, Rhineland-Palatinate
    Mosel river near the town of Bremm, Rhineland-Palatinate. The Mosel region is famous
    for its quality wines; it is one of Germany's thirteen wine regions.

    Image: Jiali Xu

    More Guides to Germany
     
     

     


    UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Germany


    Sanssouci palace and park in Potsdam, Brandenburg
    Sanssouci Palace in the eastern part of Sanssouci Park in Potsdam was the summer residence of Friedrich II (Frederick the Great), King of Prussia. Palaces and Parks of Potsdam and Berlin is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Prussian Palaces and Gardens Foundation Berlin-Brandenburg
    Image: kk nationsonline.org


    There are 43 cultural and three natural UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Germany and twelve sites on the Tentative List (see the List).


    World Heritage Site Caves and Ice Age Art in the Swabian Jura
    Modern humans first came to Europe 43,000 years ago during the last ice age. One of the areas where they settled was the Swabian Alb in southern Germany. Among the excavated objects are carved animal figures (including cave lions, mammoths, horses and cattle), musical instruments, and Ice Age jewelry.

    World Heritage Site Classical Weimar
    The site consists of eleven locations related to Weimar Classicism. The small Thuringian town of Weimar became the capital of the Duchy of Saxony-Weimar-Eisenach in 1572. The city's cultural importance increased with a flourishing period in the late 18th and early 19th centuries. Among the famous inhabitants of the city were Lucas Cranach the Elder, Johann Sebastian Bach, Christoph Martin Wieland, Johann Wolfgang Goethe, Johann Gottfried Herder, Friedrich Schiller, Franz Liszt, Henry van de Velde, and Walter Gropius.

    World Heritage Site Cologne Cathedral
    The work on the Cologne Cathedral began in 1248; it remained under construction until 1880. The enormous Gothic-style cathedral is Germany's most visited landmark. The cathedral houses the Shrine of the Three Kings believed to contain the bones of the Biblical Magi.
    Official website of the Kölner Dom (Cologne cathedral).

    World Heritage Site Upper Middle Rhine Valley
    The 65 km long section of the Rhine between Koblenz and Bingen is home to historical towns, numerous castles, vineyards, and wineries and was the inspiration for many writers, artists, and composers.

     

     


    Education in Germany



    Neue Aula, University Tübingen,  Baden-Württemberg
    Neue Aula in Tübingen. Eberhard Karls Universit?t of Tübingen is one of the oldest universities in Europe and one of Germany's most famous universities, noted in medicine, natural sciences, and the humanities.
    Image: M. Weitzel


    Education & Research

    Deutsche Bildungsserver (DBS)
    Information portal on the German federal education system.

    Astrophysikalisches Institut Potsdam (AIP)
    The key topics of the Leibniz Institute for Astrophysics Potsdam (AIP) are cosmic magnetic fields, solar- and stellar activities, and extragalactic astrophysics and cosmology.
    Berlin-Brandenburgischen Akademie der Wissenschaften
    The Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Sciences and Humanities is a learned society with a three-hundred-year-old tradition; 79 Nobel Prize winners have shaped its history.
    Deutschen Gesellschaft für Psychologie
    The German Psychological Society is a registered association of qualified psychologists who are active in research and teaching.
    DIN Deutsches Institut für Normung
    The German Institute for Standardization is Germany's foremost national standards organization and member of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO).
    Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft
    The German Physical Society (DPG) is the oldest and largest physics society in the world.
    Deutsches Zentrum für Luft und Raumfahrt
    German Aerospace Center (DLR) is Germany's national space agency.

    Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft
    The Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft is a German research organization with 72 institutes throughout Germany, which focuses on the development of innovations in key technologies.

    GEO-LEO
    GEO-LEO is a central portal for searching for information sources on the system earth and space, in association with the University Library, Göttingen (SUB), and the University Library "Georgius Agricola" of Freiberg.

    Konrad-Zuse-Zentrum für Informationstechnik
    Fast algorithms, fast computers. ZIB is an interdisciplinary research institute for applied mathematics and data-intensive high-performance computing, named after the pioneering computer scientist Konrad Zuse.

    Max-Planck-Gesellschaft
    Since its foundation in 1948, the Max Planck Society has been conducting basic research in natural sciences, life sciences, and humanities.

    Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin - Preußischer Kulturbesitz
    The official web site of the Berlin State Library - Prussian Cultural Heritage. The Berlin State Library is one of the largest libraries in Europe, and one of the most important scientific research libraries in the German-speaking world.

     
    Higher Education
    Rheinisch-Westfälische Technische Hochschule
    RWTH in the city of Aachen is a research university and the largest technical university in Germany.
    Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität
    The University of Bonn is one of the world's leading research-based universities.
    Albert-Ludwigs-Universität
    The fifth oldest university in Germany is located in Freiburg; it has a long tradition of teaching the humanities, social and natural sciences.
    Georg-August-Universität Göttingen
    The internationally renowned research university was founded in 1737.
    Ruprecht-Karls-Universität
    Heidelberg University is Germany's oldest university; it was the third university established in the Holy Roman Empire, founded in 1386.
    TU Ilmenau
    Technische Universit?t Ilmenau is a German public research university, the only university in the federal state of Thüringen with the title of a "Technische Universit?t."
    Universität zu Köln
    The University of Cologne is a university of excellence with the classic range of curricula of a full university; it is one of the largest universities in Europe, founded in 1388.
    Universität Mannheim
    UniMA is one of the leading research institutions in Germany.
    Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität
    LMU is a public research university in Munich and associated with 42 Nobel laureates.
    Technische Universit?t München
    TUM is a research university with campuses in Munich, Garching and Freising-Weihenstephan.
    C.v.O. Universität Oldenburg
    One of Germany's young universities is located in Oldenburg; it offers courses in social sciences, arts and humanities, education, economics, medicine, and health sciences.
    Universität Passau
    The university's history began in 1612; today, the institution is well-known for its international orientation and atmosphere.
    Universität Tübingen
    Eberhard Karls Universit?t Tübingen is one of Germany's most famous and oldest universities, noted in medicine, natural sciences, and the humanities; it was founded in 1477.

    More links to German Universities
    German Universities by German states.

    List of universities in Germany
    Wikipedia list of German universities.  
     

     


    Environment & Nature



    Black Forest, view from the Blauen mountain towards the Belchen
    The Black Forest, view from the Blauen (Hochblauen) mountain near Badenweiler towards the Belchen (mountain).
    Image: Dr. Bernd Gross


    Environment & Nature

    List of federal organizations and NGOs with activities on important environmental policy issues such as climate protection, energy policy, globalization, nature conservation, and sustainable development.

    Umweltbundesamt (UBA)
    Federal Environmental Agency.

    Bundesamt für Naturschutz

    Federal Agency for Nature Conservation.

    Forum Umwelt und Entwicklung
    Forum on Environment & Development founded by leading German NGOs.

    Aktionsgemeinschaft Solidarische Welt e.V.
    Since 1957 Action for World Solidarity (ASW) supports small, self- initiated groups in India, Africa, and Brazil.

    Bund für Umwelt und Naturschutz Deutschland e. V.
    Alliance for environment and nature conservation, the German branch of Friends of the Earth.

    Deutscher Naturschutzring e.V.
    An umbrella organization for German environmental organizations (in German).

    Deutsche Umwelthilfe
    Non-profit environmental and consumer protection association.

    Greenpeace e.V.
    The German branch of Greenpeace.

    Naturschutzbund Deutschland
    NABU is committed to nature conservation, including the protection of rivers, forests, and individual animal species.

    Robin Wood
    German environmental advocacy group.

    WWF Deutschland
    World Wide Fund for Nature, Germany.

    Zoologische Gesellschaft Frankfurt
    The Frankfurt Zoological Society (FZS) is an international conservation organization founded in 1858 and based in Frankfurt am Main.


    Environmental organizations based in Germany
    Wikipedia list of environmental organizations in Germany.
     

     


    Germany History



    Hambach Castle near Neustadt an der Weinstra?e, Rhineland-Palatinate
    Aerial view of the Hambach Castle. The castle is considered an important symbol of the German democracy movement. At the Hambach Festival in May 1832, intellectuals from various political backgrounds were among the first to use the future Flag of Germany and called for a unified German nation.
    Image: kk nationsonline.org


    History

    60 Years Federal Republic Germany
    An abstract of the history of the German Federal Republic.

    Short History of Germany
    Outline of Germany's history.


    Haus der Geschichte der Bundesrepublik Deutschland
    The museum of German contemporary history is located in Bonn. The Haus der Geschichte is part of the foundation Haus der Geschichte der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. The website offers a wealth of information about Germany's history.

    Deutsches Archäologisches Institut
    The Institute carries out excavations and research in the field of archaeology, antiquity, and cultural studies.

    Deutsches Historisches Museum
    The German Historical Museum in the Zeughaus building in Berlin houses the permanent exhibition "German History in Pictures and Testimonies."

    German History in Documents and Images (GHDI)
    A collection of primary source materials documenting Germany's political, social, and cultural history from 1500 to the present.

    Virtual Library Geschichte
    VL Geschichte (history) presents academically useful websites on historical topics (archived; in German and English).

    Monumenta Germaniae Historica (Dt. Institut f. Erforschung des Mittelalters)
    German Research Institute for the Middle Ages (German).

    Additional Information on Germans History
    History of Germany
    Comprehensive information about the history of Germany, from Wikipedia.
     
     

     


     



     
    Major German Cities:
    Berlin, Bremen, Dresden, Düsseldorf, Erfurt, Frankfurt, Hamburg, Hannover, Kiel, Köln, Magdeburg,
    Mainz, München, Potsdam, Saarbrücken, Schwerin, Stuttgart, Wiesbaden


    Major Cities in Western Europe
    Amsterdam, Berlin, Bern, Brussels, Bordeaux, Frankfurt, The Hague, Hamburg, Köln (Cologne),
    Luxembourg City, Marseille, Monaco, München (Munich), Paris, Rotterdam, Strasbourg, Stuttgart,
    Toulouse, Vaduz, Vienna (Wien), Zürich

    Other Countries in Western Europe
    Austria | Belgium | France | Liechtenstein | Luxembourg | Monaco | Netherlands | Switzerland
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