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    ___ Greenland



    Scoresby Sound fjord, Greenland Sea, Greenland
    Scoresby Sound, a large fjord system in south east coast of Greenland.
    Image: Hannes Grobe
     
    Flag of Greenland
    Flag of Greenland


    Location map of Greenland. Where in the world is Greenland?
    Location map of Greenland
     
    A virtual guide to Greenland. First of all Greenland is not a continent even if it looks like one on many maps, no it is just the world's largest island. And it is cold, about 80% of its surface is ice-capped.

    Kalaallit Nunaat (the Inuit name for the island) is not an independent state but a self-governing overseas administrative division of Denmark. Greenland shares maritime borders with Canada, Iceland, and Norway.

    Greenland has a quite small population, just about 56,100 (in 2016) people live on an area of 2,166,086 km2; this makes the island the least densely populated place on earth, apart from the Antarctic. The 12th largest geographic entity in the world is almost four times the size of France, or slightly more than three times the size of the U.S. state of Texas.

     


    Greenland - Kalaallit Nunaat


    Country Profile



    Background:
    In the 18th century Danes began to colonize the island and in 1953 Greenland was made an integral part of Denmark.

    In 1978 the Danish parliament granted Greenland self-government and in the following year the law went into effect.

    Denmark continues to exercise control of Greenland's foreign affairs, but Greenland actively participates in international agreements relating to Greenland.

    In 1973 Greenland joined the European Union with Denmark but withdrew in 1985 over a dispute over stringent fishing quotas.
     
     


    Official Name:
    Kalaallit Nunaat
    Greenland
    danish: Grønland

    ISO Country Code: gl, GRL

    Time:
    Time Zone:
    Local Time = UTC 0 to -4h
    Nuuk Actual Time: Wed-Nov-18  21:13

    Country Calling Code: +299

    Capital City: Nuuk (Godthab, Godthåb)

    Other Cities: Sisimiut (Holsteinsborg), Ilulissat (Jakobshavn), Qaqortoq (Julianehåb), Aasiaat (Egedesminde), Maniitsoq (Sukkertoppen).


    Government:
    Type: Parliamentary Democracy within a constitutional monarchy.
    Dependency status: Part of the Kingdom of Denmark; self-governing overseas administrative division of Denmark since 1979.

    Geography:
    Location: Northern North America, island between the Arctic Ocean and the North Atlantic Ocean, northeast of Canada.
    Area: 2,166,086 km2 (836,297 sq. mi.)
    Terrain: flat to gradually sloping icecap covers all but a narrow, mountainous, barren, rocky coast.
    Highest point: Gunnbjorn 3 700 m

    Climate: Arctic to subarctic; cool summers, cold winters.

    People:
    Nationality: noun: Greenlander(s)
    adjective: Greenlandic
    Population: 56,100 (2016)
    Ethnic Groups: Greenlander 88% (Inuit and Greenland-born whites), Danish and others 12% (2000)
    Religions: Christianity
    Languages: Greenlandic (East Inuit), Danish, English
    Literacy: 100%

    Natural resources: Fish, seals, whales, gold, niobium, tantalite, uranium, iron, diamonds, ice, water, hydropower.

    Agriculture products: Forage crops, garden and greenhouse vegetables; sheep, reindeer; fish

    Industries: Fish processing (mainly prawns and Greenland halibut), handicrafts, hides and skins, small shipyards, mining

    Exports - commodities: fish and fish products 91% (2015 est.)

    Exports - partners: Denmark 51.6%, China 11.1%, Japan 9.1%, Russia 7.2% (2015)

    Imports - commodities: machinery and transport equipment, manufactured goods, food, petroleum products

    Imports - partners: Denmark 67.1%, Sweden 14.1%, Iceland 5.1% (2015)

    Currency: Danish Krone (DKK)
     

    Katuaq cultural center in Nuuk
    Katuaq cultural center in Nuuk, Greenland's capital city.
    Image: Alankomaat

    Political system
    Greenland is a self-governing overseas administrative division of Denmark with a multi-party system. Head of state is the monarch of Denmark, represented by a High Commissioner. Head of government is the Prime Minister (Premier), elected by Parliament. The Parliament of Greenland is the country's legislative branch.



    Official Sites of Greenland

    Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

    Greenland Home Rule Government - Naalakkersuisut
    Greenland is part of the Kingdom of Denmark, governed by the Home Rule administration.

    Diplomatic Missions:
    High Commissioner of Greenland
    The High Commissioner is the chief representative of the Danish Government in Greenland.


    Statistics
    Grønlands Statistiks
    Statistics Greenland Information Service.


    Maps


    Map of Greenland
    A map of Greenland.

    Google Earth Google Earth Greenland
    Searchable map and satellite view of Greenland.
    Google Earth Google Earth Nuuk
    Searchable map and satellite view of Greenland's capital.

    Map of North America
    Reference Map of North America.

    Map of Europe
    Political map of States of the European Union, EFTA, with cities and capitals.


    News


    The Arctic Journal
    Regional news.

    Greenlandtoday
    Greenland magazine.

    Kamikposten - Nyheder
    Greenland news (in Dansk).

    Sermitsiaq
    One of two national newspapers in Greenland (in Dansk).

    Radio/TV
    Kalaallit Nunaata Radioa - KNR
    Greenlandic Broadcasting Corporation.
     

    Bookmark/share this page
    Instagram

    Arts & Culture


    Gitz-Johansen
    Painting by Gitz-Johansen
    The Danish artist (1897-1977) is best known for his paintings of the people and nature of Greenland. Named "Qaalipaarsorsuaq" ("The Great Painter") by the people.


    Julemandens hjemmeside
    The Santa Claus of Greenland.


     Culture & Spirit
    Culture Greenland, a portal to Greenland's culture.
    Katuaq
    Culturel Center of Greenland.
    Museums in Greenland
    A guide to Greenland's museums.
    National Library of Greenland
    Nuuk Art Museum
    Nuuk's Art Museum is housed in a former Adventist church, it showcases a notable collection of historic and modern art.

    Greenland National Museum & Archives
    Preserves the Greenland cultural heritage.

    Silamiut
    (site offline)
    Greenland's Theatre, Silamiut is a Greenlandic theater troupe based in Nuuk .
    Tupilaks
    Inuit crafts - Tupilak means 'soul of the ancestor’ and is a carved figure that protects its owner against enemy attack, but is now a popular souvenir.

    Sports
    Arctic Circle Race
    The cross-country skiing race takes place around Sisimiut on Greenland's west coast approx. 65 km north of the Arctic Circle.
    Polar Circle Marathon
    A unique arctic race, the coolest marathon on earth.
     
    Kayak hunting, Greenland
    Kayak hunting
    © Lars Reimers - greenland.com
     

    Greenland Kids
    Greenland Kids
    © Steen Karup - greenland.com 

    Business & Economy

    The economy of Greenland can be characterized as small, mixed and vulnerable. Greenland is dependent on exports of fish and on support from the Danish Government. In 2013 almost 47% of Greenland's export came from cold water shrimp, 26% from halibut and 15% from other fish.

    __Airline
    air greenland
    The national airline of Greenland, changed its name from "Grønlandsfly" to air greenland.

    __Maritime Shipping
    Arctic Umiaq Line A/S
    Royal Arctic Line
    Greenland's national shipping line.

    Products of Greenland
    Royal Greenland
    The world's largest producer of cold water prawns also specialized in fishing and processing quality seafood.
     
    Greenland's Icecap
    Greenland's Icecap
    © Photo: Karsten Bidstrup - greenland.com
    Tasiilaq, Greenland
    Tasiilaq is the largest of the few communities on the sparsely populated eastern coast of Greenland.
    Image: Filip Gielda


    Travel and Tour Consumer Information


    Destination Greenland - Travel and Tour Guides


    Discover Greenland:
    Find accommodation, hotels, attractions, festivals, events, tourist boards, skiing, hiking, climbing, kayaking, cruising, tours and much more.

    Greenland.com
    Country and travel guide by Greenland Tourism, the national tourist board.
    Greenland basic facts
    Geography, geology, language, history etc.

     Greenland Guide
    Welcome to the last white spot on Earth, the official guide to Greenland. The travel information is provided by the national tourist board.

    Cities:
    Nuuk (Godthab, Godthåb)
    The municipality of Nuuk, capital of Greenland.
    Nuuk Tourism
    The tourist office in Nuuk.


    Portrait of Greenland from Of Two Lands on Vimeo.
     
    Greenland Glacier Greenland Glacier
    © Photo: K. Bidstrup - greenland.com


    Greenland - Ice, rocks, water 
    Ice, rocks, water
    © Photo: K. Bidstrup - greenland.com

    University of Greenland, Nuuk
    University of Greenland. Greenland's only university is located in Nuuk.
    Image: Nanopixi

    Education


    Ilisimatusarfik
    The University of Greenland.

    Grønlands Naturinstitute
    Displays the work of the institute. (in Dansk and Greenlandic)
     
     
    Northern lights (Aurora Borealis) in Greenland
    Northern lights in Greenland. Northern lights or Aurora Borealis, a phenomen that appeares around the Earth's magnetic pole. Auroras are produced when the solar wind hits the magnetosphere, the resulting ionization emits light of varying color and complexity.
    Image: Mads Pihl

    Environment & Nature


    Arktisk Station
    An Arctic Research Institution in Greenland.

    Danish Polar Center
    The Danish Polar Center was a knowledge and service center for scientists and institutions that deal with polar research and arctic matters. The government agency was closed in 2009.

    Greenland Environmental Observatory
    GEOSummit is a year-round Arctic sampling station funded by the National Science Foundation.

    Greenland Ice Sheet Project 2
    3053.44 meters of ice drilling.

    Mega-Canyon Found Under Greenland Ice Sheet
    Hidden for all of human history, a 460 mile long canyon has been discovered below Greenland's ice sheet. Using radar data from NASA's Operation IceBridge.

    The Peregrine Fund - Greenland--Conservation Projects
    Conserve and understand Gyrfalcon and Peregrine Falcon populations and their environments in Greenland and other arctic areas.

    East Greenland landscape
    East Greenland landscape west of Myggbukta.
    Image: Dave Stanley 
    northern light
    Northern Lights
    © Photo: Filippo Barbanera - greenland.com

    Musk Oxen
    Musk Oxen, don't get too close!
    © greenland.com

    History


    Culture and History in Greenland
    from the Greenland Guide.
    The Fate of Greenland's Vikings
    Article on permafrost archaeology by Dale Mackenzie Brown.
    The norse settlers in Greenland - A short history
    The Norse History of Greenland 982-1500.
     
     

    Sources and additional Information on Greenland

    BBC Country Profile: Greenland

    Ethnologue report for Greenland
    Languages of Greenland.

    GlobalEDGE: Greenland

    OEC: Greenland

    Wikipedia: Greenland

    The World Factbook -- Greenland
     

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