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    ___ Guatemala

    Lake Atitlán near Santa Catarina Palopó, Guatemala
    Lake Atitlán seen from Tzam Poc Hotel near Santa Catarina Palopó. The crater lake is Guatemala's most important tourist attraction, situated in the Guatemalan Highlands of the Sierra Madre mountain range.
    Image: Emilio Piovesan
     
    Guatemala Flag
    Flag of Guatemala

    Location map of Guatemala. Where in Central America is Guatemala?
    Location map of Guatemala
    Destination Guatemala, a virtual guide to "alma de la tierra", the soul of the earth. The largely mountainous country is located in Central America south east of Mexico. It is bordered by the Pacific Ocean in south, and it has a narrow coastline on the Caribbean Sea. Border countries are Belize, El Salvador, Honduras, and Mexico.

    The country is home to more than 30 volcanoes, many of them still active. With an area of 109,000 km2 (42,085 sq. mi.), Guatemala is about the size of Bulgaria, or slightly larger than the US state of Kentucky.

    Guatemala has a population of 15.8 million people (in 2014). Capital and largest city is Guatemala (City), it is the most populous city in Central America with about 1 million people. Spoken languages are Spanish (official) and about twenty Mayan languages especially in rural areas.



    Republic of Guatemala | República de Guatemala


    Country Profile



    Background:
    The Maya civilization flourished in Guatemala and surrounding regions during the first millennium A.D. After almost three centuries as a Spanish colony, Guatemala won its independence in 1821. During the second half of the 20th century, it experienced a variety of military and civilian governments as well as a 36-year guerrilla war.
    In 1996, the government signed a peace agreement formally ending the conflict, which had led to the death of more than 100 000 people and had created some 1 million refugees.
    (Source: CIA - The World Factbook)

    related countries: Spain

     

    Official Name:
    República de Guatemala
    short form: Guatemala
    int'l long form: Republic of Guatemala

    ISO Country Code: gt, GTM

    Time:
    Local Time = UTC -6h
    Actual Time: Tue-Nov-24  05:54

    Country Calling Code: +502

    Capital City: Guatemala (City) (metro area pop. 2.5 million).

    Other Cities: Quetzaltenango, Escuintla.

    Government:
    Type: Constitutional democratic republic.
    Constitution: May 1985; amended November 1993.
    Independence: 15 September 1821 (from Spain).

    Geography:
    Location: Central America, bordering the Gulf of Honduras (Caribbean Sea) and the North Pacific Ocean.
    Area: 109,000 km2 (42,085 sq. mi.)
    Terrain: fertile coastal plains, mountainous.

    Climate: Tropical on coasts, temperate in highlands.

    People:
    Nationality: Guatemalan(s).
    Population: 15,8 million (2014)
    Ethnic groups: Mestizo (mixed Spanish-Indian), indigenous.
    Religions: Christian, traditional Mayan.
    Languages: Spanish, 24 indigenous languages (principally K'iche', Kaqchikel, Q'eqchi', and Mam).
    Literacy: 70%

    Natural resources: Petroleum, nickel, rare woods, fish, chicle, hydropower.

    Agriculture products: Sugarcane, corn, bananas, coffee, beans, cardamom; cattle, sheep, pigs, chickens.

    Industries: Sugar, textiles and clothing, furniture, chemicals, petroleum, metals, rubber, tourism.

    Exports - commodities: sugar, coffee, petroleum, apparel, bananas, fruits and vegetables, cardamom, manufacturing products, precious stones and metals, electricity

    Exports - partners: USA 34.9%, El Salvador 8.4%, Honduras 7.3%, Nicaragua 5%, Canada 4.6%, Mexico 4.3%, Costa Rica 4.1% (2015)

    Imports - commodities: fuels, machinery and transport equipment, construction materials, grain, fertilizers, electricity, mineral products, chemical products, plastic materials and products

    Imports - partners: USA 38.3%, China 13.4%, Mexico 11.8%, El Salvador 4.9% (2015)

    Currency: Quetzal (GTQ), US Dollar (USD)

    Guatemala in numbers
    Guatemala key statistical data.


    Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

    Official Sites of Guatemala

    Congreso de la Republica de Guatemala
    The Congress of the Republic of Guatemala (in Spanish).


    Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores
    The Ministry of Foreign Affairs (in Spanish).

    Diplomatic Missions
    Mision Permanente de Guatemala ante las Naciones Unidas
    Permanent Mission of Guatemala to the United Nations.
    Embassy of Guatemala in the U.S.
    Washington, D.C.
    Guatemalan Diplomatic Missions Abroad
    Address list of Guatemalan Diplomatic Missions Abroad.


    Maps

    Map of Guatemala
    Political map of Guatemala.
    Administrative Map of Guatemala
    Map of Guatemala showing the administrative regions.

    Google Earth Google Earth Guatemala
    Searchable map and satellite view of Guatemala.
    Google Earth Google Earth Guatemala (City)
    Searchable map and satellite view of Guatemala's capital.

    Map of Central America and the Caribbean
    Reference Map of Central America and the Caribbean. 




    Metropolitan Cathedral of Guatemala City
    Metropolitan Cathedral of Guatemala City.
    Image: Fernando Reyes Palencia 

    News


    elPeriódico
    Guate daily (in Spanish).
    La Hora
    Guatemala News (in Spanish).
    Prensa Libre
    Guatemala News (in Spanish).
    Revue
    Guatemala's English-language Magazine.
    SigloXXI
    Siglo Veintiuno, a Guatemala daily newspaper (in Spanish)

     

    Bookmark/share this page
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    Arts & Culture


    Ministerio de Cultura y Deportes
    Official website of the ministry of culture and sport.

    Arte Maya Tz'utuhil
    Guatemalan Mayan Indian artists. (US server)

    Biblioteca Nacional de Guatemala
    The national library (in Spanish).

    Maya Culture

    Mundo Maya
    Site of the Mundo Maya Organization (MMO) with information on Mayan culture and the Organization's aim to achieve social development and sustainable tourism within the Mayan regions.
    The Maya Astronomy Page
    Site covers many aspects of the ancient Maya, such as how their calendar and math worked.
    The Maya Calendar
    Information about the Maya astronomical calendar by Maya World Studies Center.
    The Maya Ruins Page
    Barbara McKenzie's images of Maya archaeological sites in Belize, Guatemala, Honduras and Mexico.
     
    Maya Culture - Tikal Temple
    Tikal Temple
    © visitguatemala.com




     

    Business & Economy


    Banco de Guatemala
    Bank of Guatemala

    Guatemala Products
    La Casa del Jade
    Processing and trade of Guatemala Jade (in Spanish)
     
     

    Cathedral of Antigua Guatemala. The 1773 Guatemala earthquake seriously damaged much of the building, only parts of the cathedral has been rebuilt.
    Image: chensiyuan


    Travel and Tour Consumer Information


    Destination Guatemala - Travel and Tour Guides


    Discover Guatemala: Guatemala City, Palacio Nacional de la Cultura, Museo Popol Vuh (collections of Maya art); Antigua Guatemala (city in the central highlands and a UNESCO World Heritage Site), Lake Atitlán (best lake in country), Tikal (ancient Mayan citadel), Pacaya (active volcano), Semuc Champey (natural turquoise pools), Las Verapaces (cloud forests), Chichicastenango (craft market and indigenous Maya culture), Amatique Bay (at Gulf of Honduras), Quetzaltenango (Guatemala's second largest city near Santa María volcano), Esquipulas (Black Christ of Esquipulas), Escuintla (department capital), El Peten (Maya culture and jungle), Izabal (Lake Izabal).

    Find accommodation, hotels, attractions, and much more.

    Guatemala
    Official travel and tourism site of Guate, by Instituto Guatemalteco de Turismo (INGUAT).

    Ecotourism
    Puerta al Mundo Maya
    Ecotourism handled by Q'eqchi' communities.

    Conoce Guatemala
    Guatemala visitor information by terra TV (in Spanish)

    Nuestra Guatemala
    Guatemala tourist magazine.

    Fotos de Guatemala
    Guatemala Pictures.
    Guatemala On The Web
    Site about Guatemala, with a Travel Forum.

    City Guide
    Guatemala City
    Alcaldía Municipal de Guatemala - Official site of Guatemala City.

    Tour Operators
    MayanTravel.com
    Guatemalan tourism and travel agency.


    Santa Catalina Arch in Antigua Guatemala, Volcán de Agua in the background.
    Image: Stockhausen
     
    Palacio Nacional Guatemala
    Palacio Nacional
    © visitguatemala.com



    Education


    Universidad del Istmo
    UNIS in Guatemala City.
    Universidad del Valle de Guatemala
    Founded in 1966.
    Universidad de San Carlos de Guatemala
    The University of San Carlos of Guatemala, founded 1676.
    Universidad Francisco Marroquín
    Founded in 1971.
    Universidad Mariano Gálvez de Guatemala
    Founded 1966.
    Universidad Rafael Landívar
    Founded in 1961.
    Universidad Rural de Guatemala
    Ciudad de Guatemala.
     
     

    Environment & Nature


    Instituto Nacional de Bosques
    The Guatemalan National institute of Forests.
    Fundación Defensores de la Naturaleza
    Private Organization dedicated to the protection and conservation of the natural resources of Guatemala.
    Parque Natural Ixpanpajul
    The Ixpanpajul Natural Park covers an area of nine square kilometers or 450 hectares. It has over 200 hundred species of trees, over 150 species of birds and about 40 species of mammals.
     
     

    History


    Guatemala: Memory of Silence (pdf)
    A report by the Guatemalan Commission for Historical Clarification (CEH) in order to clarify with objectivity, equity and impartiality, the human rights violations and acts of violence connected with the armed confrontation that caused suffering among the Guatemalan people.

    History of Guatemala
    Wikipedia article about Guatemala's history.
     
     

    Search

    Guatemala Web
    Welcome to the Heart of the Maya World.


    Additional Information on Guatemala


    Amnesty International: Guatemala

    BBC Country Profile: Guatemala

    FAO: Guatemala

    GlobalEDGE: Guatemala

    The Heritage Foundation: Guatemala

    Human Rights Watch - Guatemala

    OEC: Guatemala

    Reporters Without Borders: Guatemala

    Wikipedia: Guatemala

    The World Factbook -- Guatemala
     
     Support UNICEF

    Other Countries of Middle and Central America:
    Belize | Costa Rica | El Salvador | Honduras | Mexico | Nicaragua | Panama

    Major Cities in Middle and Central America:
    Belmopan, Guatemala City, Managua, Mexico City, Panama City, San José, San Salvador, Tegucigalpa

    Countries of South America:
    Argentina | Bolivia | Brazil | Chile | Colombia | Ecuador | French Guiana
    Guyana | Paraguay | Peru | Uruguay | Suriname | Venezuela
     
     
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