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    ___ Guyana

    Demerara River, Guyana
    Crossing the Demerara River, Guyana.
    Image: Allan Hopkins
     
    Guyana Flag
    Flag of Guyana

    Location map of Guyana. Where in South America is Guyana?
    Location map of Guyana
     
    A virtual guide to the tropical country formerly known as British Guiana, until 1966 one of many British colonies, but the only possession Britain ever held on the mainland of South America.

    Guyana is situated in central north of the South American continent with a coastline at the North Atlantic Ocean. Countries with international borders to Guyana are Brazil, Suriname, and Venezuela, and it shares maritime borders with Trinidad and Tobago and Barbados.

    The country is part of the Guianas, a region in the north-eastern part of the continent on the Guiana Shield, an old stable geological formation that forms a portion of the northern coast. The Guianas are bounded by the Orinoco, Negro, and Amazon rivers and the Atlantic Ocean. It includes Guyana, Suriname, and French Guiana.

    Guyana's area is somewhat smaller than that of the United Kingdom, or slightly smaller than that of the U.S. state of Idaho. Large areas of Guyana are covered by dense rain forests (Forested Highland Region) in the southern part of the country. Most of Guyana's population (90%) lives in the narrow, fertile plain along the Atlantic coast to the east of the country. The four Hinterland regions, which occupy more than two-thirds of the total land area are still largely unoccupied.

    The country has a population of 748,000 people (Census 2012). Capital and largest city is Georgetown (pop. 192,000). Guyana is the only English-speaking country in South America, spoken languages are English (official), but the vast majority of the population speaks Guyanese Creole, an English based Creole, Amerindian languages (including Caribbean and Arawak languages), Indo-Guyanese people also speak Hindi.



    Co-operative Republic of Guyana


    Country Profile



    Background:
    Guyana (formerly known as British Guiana) achieved independence from the UK in 1966 and became a republic in 1970.
    In 1989 Guyana launched an Economic Recovery Program, which marked a dramatic reversal from a state-controlled, socialist economy towards a more open, free market system. Results through the first decade have proven encouraging.
    (Source: CIA - The World Factbook)

    related countries: United Kingdom
     
     


    Official Name:
    Co-operative Republic of Guyana
    short form: Guyana
    former: British Guiana

    ISO Country Code: gy, GUY

    Time:
    Local Time = UTC -4h
    Actual Time: Sat-Nov-14  12:04

    Country Calling Code: +592

    Capital City: Georgetown (pop. 250 000)

    Other Cities: Linden (29,000) and New Amsterdam (18,000)

    Government:
    Type: Republic within the Commonwealth.
    Independence: 26 May 1966;
    Republic, 23 February 1970.
    Constitution: 1980

    Geography:
    Location: Northern South America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Suriname and Venezuela
    Area: 215,000 sq. km. (83 000 sq. mi.)
    Terrain: Coastal plain, inland highlands, rain forest, savanna.

    Climate: Equatorial tropical.

    People:
    Nationality: Guyanese (sing. and pl.).
    Population: 748.000 (2012)
    Ethnic groups: East Indian origin 49%, African origin 32%, mixed 12%, Amerindian 6%, White and Chinese 1%.
    Religions: Christian 57%, Hindu 33%, Muslim 9%, other 1%.
    Languages: English, Guyanese Creole, Amerindian languages (primarily Carib and Arawak).
    Literacy: 96.5% of adults who have attended school.

    Natural resources: Bauxite, gold, diamonds, hardwood timber, shrimp, fish.

    Agriculture products: Sugar, rice, wheat, vegetable oils; beef, pork, poultry, dairy products; fish, shrimp.

    Industries: Bauxite, sugar, rice milling, timber, textiles, gold mining.

    Exports - commodities: sugar, gold, bauxite, alumina, rice, shrimp, molasses, rum, timber

    Exports - partners: USA 33.5%, Canada 17.9%, UK 6.7%, Ukraine 4.3%, Jamaica 4% (2015)

    Imports - commodities:
    manufactures, machinery, petroleum, food

    Imports - partners: USA 24.6%, Trinidad and Tobago 24.1%, China 10.8%, Suriname 9.5% (2015)

    Currency: Guyanese Dollar (GYD)

    Parliament building in Georgetown, Guyana
    Parliament of the Co-operative Republic of Guyana in Georgetown, the capital of the country.

    Political system
    Guyana is a presidential representative democratic republic with a multi-party system. Head of government is the president. Despite its democratic institutions, Guyana has seen more than two decades of one-party rule and strongman politics, perpetuated by manipulation, racially based voting patterns, and a disenfranchisement of the Guyanese people.


    Official Sites of Guyana

    Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

    Office of the President of Guyana
    Official president site.

    Parliament of Guyana
    Site with General Information on Guyana's parliament.

    Ministry of Foreign Affairs
    Official site of the ministry.


    Diplomatic Missions
    Guyana Consulate
    Consulate site Toronto Canada
    Guyana Diplomatic & Consular Representatives Abroad
    Address list of Guyana's Missions Abroad.
    Foreign Diplomatic Missions resident in Guyana
    Address list of Foreign Diplomatic Missions.


    Maps

     Map of Guyana
    Political Map of Guyana.
    Google Earth Google Earth Guyana
    Searchable map and satellite view of Guyana.
    Google Earth Google Earth Georgetown
    Searchable map and satellite view of Guyana's capital city.

    Map of South America
    Reference map of South America.
     

    News

    RFS states that, although Guyana’s constitution guarantees free speech and the right to information, officials often use its defamation laws, which provide for fines and up to two years in jail, to silence opposition journalists. According to BBC, Guyanese newspapers are free to criticise the government, although journalists are apt to exercise self-censorship.

    The Government Information Agency (GINA)
    Guyana's Government's communication and information agency.


    Guyana Chronicle
    Guyana News.

    Kaieteur News
    Guyana private daily.

    Stabroek News
    Local News.

    Weekend Mirror
    News magazine online.
     

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    Arts & Culture


    Edgar Mittelholzer - Books from Edgar Mittelholzer
    Children of Kaywana, the Kwayana Family Trilogy, the story of a family through 350 years of Guyana's history.

    Philip Moore
    Well known for his wood sculptures, one of the most original and creative artists of Guyana.


     
    Kaieteur Falls, Guyana
    Kaieteur Falls
    © kaieteur.gov.gy

    Business & Economy

    Guyana has rich reserves of bauxite, gold and timber, but it struggles to overcome poverty and attract investment to bolster its small economy. Corruption remains a chronic problem. (Source: BBC)
    Subsistence agriculture on the basis of primitive methods and mining are Guyana's most important economic activities. The country's top exports are gold, rice, aluminium ore, and raw sugar.

    Bank of Guyana
    The Central Bank of the Republic of Guyana, established in 1965.

    The Guyana Office for Investment
    GO-Invest is the primary contact for investors and exporters. The office tries to contribute to Guyana’s economic development by promoting and facilitating local and foreign private-sector investment.

    Ministry of Business
    Official site of the ministry.

    __Transportation
    Airline
    Roraima Airways
    Domestic airline.
    Trans Guyana Airways
    Guyana's leading domestic scheduled carrier.
     
     
    Kaieteur Falls, Guyana
    Potaro River and Kaieteur Falls in in the Potaro-Siparuni region of Guyana, a region claimed by Venezuela. In the rainy season Kaieteur is among the most powerful waterfalls in the world.
    Image: amanderson2


    Travel and Tour Consumer Information


    Destination Guyana - Travel and Tour Guides


    Discover Guyana:
    Georgetown, the capital. Mount Roraima, the highest of the Pacaraima Mountains, standing in 3 different countries at the triple border point of Venezuela, Guyana and Brazil. Kaieteur National Park with Kaieteur Falls, (the world's widest single drop waterfall, located on the Potaro River). Iwokrama Forest, one of the four last pristine tropical forests in the world. Kanuku Mountains, group of mountains rising out of the Rapununi savanna. Monte Caburaí, jungle adventure on the border of Guyana and the northernmost point of Brazil.

    Find accommodation, hotels, attractions, festivals, events, tourist boards, biking, hiking, climbing, cruising, diving, tours and much more.

    Guyana Tourism Authority
    Official Website of the Guyana Tourism Authority for all information relating to Guyana.

    Iwokrama Canopy Walkway
    Iwokrama Canopy Walkway is a series of suspension bridges and decks of up to 30 metres in height and 154 metres in length, located in the Iwokrama Forest.

    Kaieteur National Park
    Site of the park with its Kaieteur Falls one of the most spectacular waterfalls in the world.

    Guyana News and Information
    Guyana portal and directory provides comprehensive information on Guyana.
    Turquoise Net - Guyana
    Guyana Online Tourism and travel guide.
    The Guyana Photo Gallery on the WWW
    Photographs of Guyana
    The Guyana World Wide Web Handbook
    Provides general information on Guyana.
    Travel Guyana
    One of the first travel guides to Guyana in the net.

    City Guides
    Georgetown
    More about the City of Georgetown.

    Guyana Undiscovered

    Guyana, South America Undiscovered

     
     

    Education


    Ministry of Education Guyana
    Official site of the ministry.

    Schools of Guyana
    Links to schools of Guyana.
    University of Guyana
    Walter Roth Museum of Anthropology
    Museum and anthropological research of ancient cultures of Guyana.

    Institute of Applied Science and Technology (IAST)
    Technology for the utilisation of Guyana's natural resources.
     
     
    Kanuku Mountains near Lethem, Guyana
    Kanuku Mountains as seen from Lethem, near Guyana's border with Brazil.
    Image: Kevin Gabbert

    Environment & Nature


    EPA - Environmental Protection Agency
    Agency to promote, facilitate and coordinate effective environmental management and protection and the sustainable use of Guyana's natural resources.

    Rain Forest Conservation and Development - IWOKRAMA
    Site about the protected area of the tropical Rain Forest Iwokrama in central Guyana.

    WWF Guianas
    WWF-Guianas, part of the global WWF family, is working to protect the forests, freshwaters and coasts of the Guianas (French Guiana, Suriname, and Guyana).
     
     

    History

    History of the Republic of Guyana
    Guyana was discovered in 1498 by the Europeans, its history; therefore stretches back a bit more than 500 years!
     
     

    Search

    Guyana News and Information
    Guyana index and directory.

    Guyana Outpost: Wayne's Guyana Page
    Guyana websites.

    Sources and additional Information on Guyana


    Amnesty International: Guyana

    BBC Country Profile: Guyana

    Commonwealth: Guyana

    FAO: Guyana

    GlobalEDGE: Guyana

    The Heritage Foundation: Guyana

    Human Rights Watch: Guyana

    OEC: Guyana

    Reporters Without Borders: Guyana

    Wikipedia: Guyana

    The World Factbook -- Guyana
     
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    Other countries of South America:
    Argentina | Bolivia | Brazil | Chile | Colombia | Ecuador | French Guiana | Paraguay | Peru
    Suriname | Uruguay | Venezuela

    Major Cities in South America:
    Asunción, Belo Horizonte, Bogotá D.C., Brasilia, Buenos Aires, Caracas, Cayenne, Curitiba, Fortaleza,
    Georgetown, Kourou, La Paz, Lima, Manaus, Montevideo, Paramaribo, Porto Alegre, Port of Spain, Quito, Recife,
    Rio de Janeiro, Salvador, Santiago, São Paulo, Sucre

    Countries of Middle and Central America:
    Belize | Costa Rica | El Salvador | Guatemala | Honduras | Mexico | Nicaragua | Panama
     
     
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