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    Hong Kong, 香港


    Hong Kong's Central and Western District skyline at dawn
    Hong Kong's Central and Western District skyline at dawn, viewed from Tsim Sha Tsui, on the opposite side of Victoria Harbour, with the skyscraper of the International Finance Centre, Hong Kong's second-highest building in the center.
    Image: Timon Studler


     
    Location map of Hong Kong. Where in the world is Hong Kong?
    Location map of Hong Kong



    Hong Kong's Regional Flag


    Destination Hong Kong, a Nations Online profile of the territory, also known as Xianggang, the "Fragrant Harbor." For more than 150 years, Hong Kong was a colony of the British Crown. In 1997 the British returned the city. Since then, it has been a Special Administrative Region (SAR) of China, a type of provincial administrative unit.

    Hong Kong is located on the Pearl River Delta south of the Chinese province of Guangdong and the Chinese city of Shenzhen, surrounded by the South China Sea.

    Hong Kong's major areas are the Kowloon Peninsula, which is connected with the mainland, the outlying mountainous Lantau Island, the smaller Lamma island, densely populated Hong Kong Island, plus more than 200 smaller islands. The territory is a major port city with an outstanding deepwater harbor.

    Hong Kong covers an area of 1,106 km2 (427 sq mi), compared it is 1.5 times the size of Singapore or six times the size of Washington, DC. Hong Kong has a population of more than 7.5 million people (in 2019). Official languages are Chinese (Cantonese) and English. The city is regarded as a cosmopolitan center where 'East meets West' (like Chinese food and Disney Land), it has become one of the world's major financial and manufacturing centers.

    In 2014 and again in 2019, civil unrest erupted in the streets of the city. The 2019 protests have started as peaceful demonstrations against a planned extradition bill that would have subjected Hong Kong even closer to the influence of mainland China. The demonstrations for democratic reforms with up to a million people have failed to pressurize the government, and the protests became more aggressive and the government's reactions more violent. -- Since months now, the world is fed with spectacular images of apocalyptic scenes in a seemingly paralyzed high-tech city.


    Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China (HKSAR)



    Background:
    Hong Kong is situated to the south of the Chinese province of Guangdong (formerly known as Canton). The former British Dependent Territory of Hong Kong includes Victoria (commonly known as Hong Kong Island), the Kowloon Peninsula, which forms together with Lantau Island, the "New Territories," and 235 outlying islands.

    Occupied by the UK in 1841, Hong Kong was formally ceded by China the following year; various adjacent lands were added later in the 19th century.

    Under an agreement signed by China and the UK on 19 December 1984, Hong Kong became the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (SAR) of China on 1 July 1997.

    In this agreement, China has promised that, under its "one country, two systems" formula, the Chinese socialist economic system will not be imposed on Hong Kong. Hong Kong will enjoy a high degree of autonomy in all matters, except foreign and defense affairs, for the next 50 years (at least until 2047).

    related countries: China, United Kingdom

     

     

    Country Profile



    Official Name:
    Hong Kong
    in Chinese: 香港
    conventional long form:
    Hong Kong Special Administrative Region
    conventional short form: Hong Kong
    local short form: Xianggang
    local long form: Xianggang Tebie Xingzhengqu

    Dependency status: special administrative region of China (SAR)

    ISO Country Code: HK, HKG

    Actual Time: Wed-Nov-11  18:54
    Local Time = UTC +8h

    Country Calling Code: +852

    ...show more



    Official Sites of Hong Kong

    Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

    Office Block of the Central Government Complex of Hong Kong
    Office Block of the Central Government Complex of Hong Kong.
    Image: Wing1990hk


    Political system
    Since 1997, Hong Kong is an autonomous Special Administrative Region (SAR) of China with the status that provides constitutional guarantees for implementing the policy of "one country, two systems" for at least 50 years. Its government system is a kind of limited democracy. Chief of State is the President of P.R. China, the territory's Chief Executive is the head of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and the head of the government. He/she is elected by a representative election committee (comprising about 0.16 % of the Hong Kong population) and is appointed by the Central People's Government (China's State Council).


    Government

    GovHK
    The official site of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (SAR) Government.

    Hong Kong Economic and Trade Offices (HKETO)
    The Permanent Representatives of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Government (HKSARG) in the United States.

    Consular Posts and Officially Recognized Representatives
    Address list of consulates and representative offices in Hong Kong.


    Statistics
    Census and Statistics Department, Hong Kong
    Hong Kong in statistical figures.

    Weather
    Hong Kong Observatory
    The Official Authority for Hong Kong Weather.


     

     


    Maps of Hong Kong



    Hong Kong Map
    Map of Hong Kong


    Maps


    Map of Hong Kong
    Political map of Hong Kong.
    Google Earth Google Earth Hong Kong
    Searchable map and satellite view of Hong Kong.
    Administrative Map of China
    Political Map of China's Administrative Divisions.

    Map of the South China Sea
    Map of the South China Sea region.
    Map of Southeast Asia
    Map of the Southeast Asia region.
    profile Map of Asia
    Political Map of Asia.
     

     


    News of Hong Kong



    Hong Kong Newsstand newspaper
    Image: Faye Lei Yahowelim


    News from Hong Kong

    According to Paris based Reporters Without Borders, the media are finding it more and more challenging to cover sensitive stories about the Hong Kong government and Mainland China, and the need to protect their editorial positions from Beijing’s influence is increasingly noticeable.


    Hong Kong News in English
    The Standard
    Formerly known as the Hong Kong Standard, a daily free newspaper with regional and international news.

    South China Morning Post
    Hong Kong's leading English Language newspaper.

    Hong Kong Free Press
    Independent journalists founded HKFP in response to concerns over declining press freedom in the territory.

    News.gov.hk
    HK government press releases.


    Hong Kong News in Chinese
    Apple Daily
    Regional and international news.
    Ming Pao
    Chinese-language broadsheet with regional and international news.
    Singtao Daily
    Sister paper of The Standard, with regional and international news.
    Ta Kung Pao
    Regional and international news.


    Radio
    RTHK on Internet - The Cyber Station

     

     


    Arts & Culture of Hong Kong


    Airport sit-in rally on August 11, 2019, Hong Kong
    Chek Lap Kok airport, sit-in rally in August 2019.
    Image: AINH


    Arts & Culture


    Hong Kong Arts Festival
    Annual art events ranging from Chinese Opera to World Music.

    DiscoverHongKong - Culture and Heritage
    Scratch the surface of Hong Kong's rich culture and heritage, a guide to art and culture of Hong Kong.

    Hong Kong Museum of Art
    Hong Kong's main art museum.

    Hong Kong Visual Arts Centre
    vA! is an open, multi-directional art space.

    Hong Kong Museum of History
    The museum preserves the cultural heritage of Hong Kong.

    Hong Kong Philharmonic Orchestra
    HKPhil is Hong Kong's big symphony orchestra.

    Hong Kong Movie DataBase
    Ryan LAW's site about Hong Kong Movies.

    Sports
    Stockholm Challenge Award Asian Traditional Archery Research Network (ATARN)
    Hong Kong-based information site about traditional archery cultures of Asia.

     

     


    Business & Economy of Hong Kong


    Hong Kong–Zhuhai–Macau Bridge
    The Hong Kong - Zhuhai - Macau Bridge, a 55-km (34 mi) long bridge-tunnel system connects Hong Kong, Macau, and Zhuhai, three major cities on the Pearl River Delta.
    Image: N509FZ


    Hong Kong economy
    Hong Kong has a free market economy, characterized by low taxation and almost free port trade. It is ranked as the world's most open economy in the Index of Economic Freedom of The Heritage Foundation, but it is highly dependent on international trade and finance. Hong Kong's currency, the Hong Kong Dollar (HKD), is closely linked to the US dollar. The territory's main trading goods are gold, diamonds, jewelry, telephones, and broadcasting equipment. [1]


    HKEX
    Hong Kong Stock Exchange.

    Hong Kong Monetary Authority
    Responsible for maintaining monetary and banking stability.


    Trade and Industry Department
    Department for the development of Hong Kong trade and industry.
    Hong Kong Convention & Exhibition Centre
    Hong Kong General Chamber of Commerce
    Hong Kong Trade Development Council
    Promoting Hong Kong's external trade in goods and services.
    Hong Kong Economic and Trade Offices (HKETO)
    The Permanent Representatives of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Government (HKSARG) in the United States.

    BrandHK
    Government initiative to promote Hong Kong as "Asia's world city".

    Hong Kong Yellow Pages
    Hong Kong version of the Yellow Pages.

    Business News
    Hong Kong Economic Journal
    Chinese language daily newspaper.
    EJ Insight
    HKEJ Editorial Hong Kong Economic Journal (in English) 


    Transportation
    The "Star" Ferry
    Hong Kong's passenger ferry service.

    Airlines
    Cathay Pacific Airways
    Hong Kong's major airline was founded in 1946.

    Airport
    Hong Kong International Airport
    Chek Lap Kok Airport is Hong Kong's international airport.

     

     


    Tourism in Hong Kong



    Hong Kong panorama at night
    Hong Kong panorama at night.
    Image: Joseph ChanTiago Fioreze


    Destination Hong Kong - Travel and Tour Guides




    Advertisement

    Discover Hong Kong:
    Victoria Harbour (natural harbor between the Central Business District of Hong Kong Island and Kowloon), Star Ferry (passenger ferry and a major tourist attraction); Victoria Peak (observation peak for the unrivaled panorama view of Hong Kong); Temple Street Night Market (hawkers, ladies of the night, fortune-tellers and Chinese opera); Peninsula Hotel (flagship property of The Peninsula Hotels group; oldest hotel in Hong Kong, opened in 1928)

    Find accommodation, attractions, festivals, events, tours, and much more.


    Hong Kong Tourism Board

    The official Hong Kong tour guide.

    DiscoverHongKong - E-Ticketing
    Get tickets for great Hong Kong Events.

    Hong Kong Outdoors
    A guide to Hong Kong and surroundings.

    Hong Kong Picture Archive
    Hong Kong Images.
     
    Hong Kong Visas
    Entry Permit Requirements for the Hong Kong SAR.

    Advice to Travellers
    Hong Kong customs organization advice for Travellers entering Hong Kong.




    Chinese gate in Temple Street, Hong Kong (Jordan Road)
    Chinese gate in Temple Street, Hong Kong (Jordan Road).
    Image: SUMRAMWY lURE
     

     


    Education in Hong Kong



    Hong Kong University of Science and Technology campus
    Hong Kong University of Science and Technology campus on Clear Water Bay Peninsula in Sai Kung District.
    Image: HKUST


    Stockholm Challenge Award Cyber Learning Centre Plus
    A learning portal for government employees, provided by the Civil Service Training and Development Institute (CSTDI).

    Chinese University of Hong Kong
    The public research university in Shatin is the only collegiate university in the territory; the institution has nine colleges and eight faculties.

    City University of Hong Kong
    Internationally recognized as a leading university in the Asia-Pacific region.

    Hong Kong Institute of Education
    A leading university-level institution, its mission: optimizing each child's potential through the shared joy of learning and teaching.

    Hong Kong Polytechnic University
    Formerly known as the Hong Kong Polytechnic, the Institution assumed full university status in 1994.

    Hong Kong Public Libraries
    Enrich knowledge and support lifelong learning.

    Hong Kong University of Science & Technology
    A research university and the territory's youngest higher learning institution.
    University Library, Hong Kong University of Science & Technology

    University of Hong Kong
    Hong Kong's First University, the oldest tertiary education institution in Hong Kong, founded in 1910.

     

     


    Environment & Nature



    WWF Hong Kong Marine Life Center at Hoi Ha Wan
    WWF Hong Kong Marine Life Center at Hoi Ha Wan (Jone's Cove).
    Image: Chong Fat


    Hong Kong's ecology is mostly affected by the results of climatic changes. The environment, flora, and fauna are altered by climatic change, sea level alternation, and human impacts like air and water pollution.


    Government
    Environmental Protection Department
    The government department was created in 1986 to co-ordinate and carry out pollution prevention and control activities.

    Environment Bureau
    The government agency is responsible for developing policies in environmental protection, nature conservation, and enforcing environmental legislation.

    NGOs
    Clean Air Network
    CAN is focused on the issue of air pollution in Hong Kong.

    Clear the Air
    CTA aims to reduce air pollution in Hong Kong significantly.

    Conservancy Association
    The organization focuses on the protection of the environment and the conservation of natural and cultural heritage.

    Friends of the Earth (Hong Kong)
    FoE(HK) is one of Hong Kong's most prominent green groups.
     
     

     


    Hong Kong History



    Painting of the City of Victoria, Hong Kong
    City of Victoria, Hong Kong.
    Painting: unknown



    Chinese Dynasties
    Timeline of Chinese Imperial and Modern Dynasties.

    History of Hong Kong
    Wikipedia entry for the History of Hong Kong.


    Opium Wars
    Opium Wars
    Emperor of China Declares War on Drugs.

    The Chinese Opium Wars
    Wikipedia article about one of the biggest disasters ever hits China.
     
     

     


     



     
    Countries in Eastern Asia:
    China (PRC) | Japan | North Korea | South Korea | Taiwan (ROC)
    Special Administrative Regions of China: Hong Kong | Macau | Tibet
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