<xmp id="yyyqy">
  • <xmp id="yyyqy"><menu id="yyyqy"></menu>
    <menu id="yyyqy"><tt id="yyyqy"></tt></menu>
     

    One World
    Nations Online

    Home Earth Continents Countries The 2016 United Nations Human Development Index (HDI) rankings for all countries


    Compare with the Human Development Index of 2011 and past years.
    Human Development Index (Low human development)
     

    ___ The Human Development Index 2016

    Human Development
     

    Human Development for Everyone

    People are the real wealth of a nation. Countries with a high Human Development, foster their people, whereas countries with a low human development seem to treat its people as renewable raw material.
    Unfortunately the Human Development Index reflects these facts only to some extent.

    Norway, Australia, Switzerland and Germany lead the Human Development Index (HDI) rankings in 2016, eight European countries are in the top 10, followed by the two wealthy countries of North America, Canada and the US, and inbetween the only Asian country, Singapore.

    At the bottom of the list are nineteen African countries! The reasons for that are manifold, but the main reasons are a handful: Civil Wars, terrorism and tribal conflicts, widespread corruption, an education and the knowledge gap (many African nations cannot afford basic education), health and poverty (poor African countries with poor living conditions are not able to create a quality health infrastructure for its own people, HIV/AIDS, Malaria, Ebola and other contagious diseases spread more rapidly in communities that are poor and do not have access to basic amenities), geographically disadvantage (a significant number of African countries suffer because they have all the disadvantages to be landlocked). International Aid (some non-governmental organizations have helped Africa through support, but some firms have been accused of using stories of desperate Africans to advance their own selfish goals, others to foster corruption within the country.) (see: 7 Top Reasons Why Africa Is Still Poor, 2017)
    The international community should do more to tackle Africa's poverty, otherwise the rich countries will see many more refugees standing at their borders.

    The Human Development Report
    Each year since 1990 the Human Development Report has published the Human Development Index (HDI) which was introduced as an alternative to conventional measures of national development. The HDI represents a broader definition of well-being and provides a composite measure of three basic dimensions of human development: health, education and income.


    Definitions:

    Human Development Index (HDI)
    The composite index is measuring the average achievement of a country in three basic dimensions of human development:
    • a long and healthy life
    • knowledge
    • a decent standard of living
    Life Expectancy Index
    The number of years you may live under normal conditions in a particular country.
    Life expectancy at birth
    Number of years a newborn infant could expect to live if prevailing patterns of age-specific mortality rates at the time of birth stay the same throughout the infant's life.

    Education Index
    Education is a major component of well-being, it is a key factor determining whether a country is a developed, developing, or underdeveloped nation.
    1. Mean years of schooling
    Average number of years of education received by people ages 25 and older, converted from education attainment levels using official durations of each level.

    2. Expected years of schooling
    Number of years of schooling that a child of school entrance age can expect to receive if prevailing patterns of age-specific enrollment rates persist throughout the child's life.

    Income Index
    It reflects the average income of a country’s citizens.
    Gross national income (GNI) per capita
    The total income of a country's economy generated by its production and its ownership of factors of production, less the incomes paid for the use of factors of production owned by the rest of the world, converted to international dollars using purchasing power parity (PPP) rates, divided by midyear population.

    GNI per capita rank minus HDI rank
    Difference in rankings by GNI per capita and by the HDI. A negative value means that the country is better ranked by its GNI than by its HDI.
     

    Bookmark/share this page
    Instagram

     
    Human Development Index (HDI) Life expectancy at birth Expected years of schooling   Mean years of schooling   Gross national income (GNI) per capita   GNI per capita rank minus HDI rank HDI rank  
    HDI rank Country Value   (years)   (years)   (years)   (2011 PPP $)          
          2015   2015   2015 a 2015 a 2015   2015   2014  
    VERY HIGH HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
    1
    Norway 0.949   81.7   17.7   12.7   67,614   5   1  
    2
    Australia 0.939   82.5   20.4 b 13.2   42,822   19   3  
    2
    Switzerland 0.939   83.1   16.0   13.4   56,364   7   2  
    4
    Germany 0.926   81.1   17.1   13.2 c 45,000   13   4  
    5
    Denmark 0.925   80.4   19.2   12.7   44,519   13   6  
    5
    Singapore 0.925   83.2   15.4   11.6   78,162 e -3   4  
    7
    Netherlands 0.924   81.7   18.1   11.9   46,326   8   6  
    8
    Ireland 0.923   81.1   18.6   12.3   43,798   11   8  
    9
    Iceland 0.921   82.7   19.0   12.2   37,065   20   9  
    10
    Canada 0.920   82.2   16.3   13.1   42,582   12   9  
    10
    United States 0.920   79.2   16.5   13.2   53,245   1   11  
    12
    Hong Kong, China 0.917   84.2   15.7   11.6   54,265   -2   12  
    13
    New Zealand 0.915   82.0   19.2 b 12.5   32,870   20   13  
    14
    Sweden 0.913   82.3   16.1   12.3   46,251   2   15  
    15
    Liechtenstein 0.912   80.2   14.6   12.4   75,065 e,i -11   14  
    16
    United Kingdom 0.909   80.8   16.3   13.3   37,931   10   16  
    17
    Japan 0.903   83.7   15.3   12.5   37,268   10   17  
    18
    Korea (South) 0.901   82.1   16.6   12.2   34,541   12   18  
    19
    Israel 0.899   82.6   16.0   12.8   31,215   16   19  
    20
    Luxembourg 0.898   81.9   13.9   12.0   62,471   -12   20  
    21
    France 0.897   82.4   16.3   11.6   38,085   4   22  
    22
    Belgium 0.896   81.0   16.6   11.4   41,243   1   21  
    23
    Finland 0.895   81.0   17.0   11.2 f 38,868   1   23  
    24
    Austria 0.893   81.6   15.9   11.3 c 43,609   -4   24  
    25
    Slovenia 0.890   80.6   17.3   12.1   28,664   13   25  
    26
    Italy 0.887   83.3   16.3   10.9   33,573   6   27  
    27
    Spain 0.884   82.8   17.7   9.8   32,779   7   26  
    28
    Czech Republic 0.878   78.8   16.8   12.3   28,144   11   28  
    29
    Greece 0.866   81.1   17.2   10.5   24,808   16   29  
    30
    Brunei 0.865   79.0   14.9   9.0 f 72,843   -25   30  
    30
    Estonia 0.865   77.0   16.5   12.5 c 26,362   12   31  
    32
    Andorra 0.858   81.5 g 13.5 d 10.3   47,979 j -18   32  
    33
    Cyprus 0.856   80.3   14.3   11.7   29,459   4   34  
    33
    Malta 0.856   80.7   14.6   11.3   29,500   3   35  
    33
    Qatar 0.856   78.3   13.4   9.8   129,916 e -32   33  
    36
    Poland 0.855   77.6   16.4   11.9   24,117   11   36  
    37
    Lithuania 0.848   73.5   16.5   12.7   26,006   7   37  
    38
    Chile 0.847   82.0   16.3   9.9   21,665   16   38  
    38
    Saudi Arabia 0.847   74.4   16.1   9.6   51,320   -26   38  
    40
    Slovakia 0.845   76.4   15.0   12.2   26,764   1   40  
    41
    Portugal 0.843   81.2   16.6   8.9   26,104   2   41  
    42
    United Arab Emirates 0.840   77.1   13.3 k 9.5 c 66,203   -35   42  
    43
    Hungary 0.836   75.3   15.6   12.0   23,394   6   43  
    44
    Latvia 0.830   74.3   16.0   11.7 f 22,589   7   44  
    45
    Argentina 0.827   76.5   17.3   9.9 f 20,945 l 12   45  
    45
    Croatia 0.827   77.5   15.3   11.2   20,291   14   46  
    47
    Bahrain 0.824   76.7   14.5 k 9.4 m 37,236   -19   46  
    48
    Montenegro 0.807   76.4   15.1   11.3 n 15,410   24   49  
    49
    Russian Federation 0.804   70.3   15.0   12.0   23,286   1   48  
    50
    Romania 0.802   74.8   14.7   10.8   19,428   11   51  
    51
    Kuwait 0.800   74.5   13.3   7.3   76,075 e -48   50  
    HIGH HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
    52
    Belarus 0.796   71.5   15.7   12.0   15,629   19   51  
    52
    Oman 0.796   77.0   13.7   8.1 m 34,402   -21   53  
    54
    Barbados 0.795   75.8   15.3   10.5 n 14,952   20   54  
    54
    Uruguay 0.795   77.4   15.5   8.6   19,148   8   54  
    56
    Bulgaria 0.794   74.3   15.0   10.8 c 16,261   13   57  
    56
    Kazakhstan 0.794   69.6   15.0   11.7 f 22,093   -3   56  
    58
    Bahamas 0.792   75.6   12.7 k 10.9   21,565   -3   58  
    59
    Malaysia 0.789   74.9   13.1   10.1   24,620   -13   59  
    60
    Palau 0.788   72.9 g 14.3   12.3 k 13,771   21   62  
    60
    Panama 0.788   77.8   13.0   9.9   19,470   0   60  
    62
    Antigua and Barbuda 0.786   76.2   13.9   9.2 k 20,907   -4   61  
    63
    Seychelles 0.782   73.3   14.1   9.4 k 23,886   -15   63  
    64
    Mauritius 0.781   74.6   15.2   9.1   17,948   1   64  
    65
    Trinidad and Tobago 0.780   70.5   12.7 o 10.9   28,049   -25   64  
    66
    Costa Rica 0.776   79.6   14.2   8.7   14,006   14   66  
    66
    Serbia 0.776   75.0   14.4   10.8   12,202   22   66  
    68
    Cuba 0.775   79.6   13.9   11.8 m 7,455 p 48   69  
    69
    Iran 0.774   75.6   14.8   8.8 f 16,395   -2   68  
    70
    Georgia 0.769   75.0   13.9   12.2   8,856   38   71  
    71
    Turkey 0.767   75.5   14.6   7.9   18,705   -7   72  
    71
    Venezuela 0.767   74.4   14.3   9.4   15,129   2   70  
    73
    Sri Lanka 0.766   75.0   14.0   10.9 f 10,789   21   72  
    74
    Saint Kitts and Nevis 0.765   74.0 g 13.7   8.4 k 22,436   -22   75  
    75
    Albania 0.764   78.0   14.2   9.6   10,252   24   75  
    76
    Lebanon 0.763   79.5   13.3   8.6 m 13,312   8   74  
    77
    Mexico 0.762   77.0   13.3   8.6   16,383   -9   77  
    78
    Azerbaijan 0.759   70.9   12.7   11.2   16,413   -12   77  
    79
    Brazil 0.754   74.7   15.2   7.8   14,145   -1   79  
    79
    Grenada 0.754   73.6   15.8   8.6 k 11,502   13   80  
    81
    Bosnia and Herzegovina 0.750   76.6   14.2   9.0   10,091   22   82  
    82
    Macedoniaa (Rep. of) 0.748   75.5   12.9   9.4 n 12,405   5   83  
    83
    Algeria 0.745   75.0   14.4   7.8 c 13,533   -1   84  
    84
    Armenia 0.743   74.9   12.7   11.3   8,189   28   85  
    84
    Ukraine 0.743   71.1   15.3   11.3 f 7,361   34   81  
    86
    Jordan 0.741   74.2   13.1   10.1   10,111   15   85  
    87
    Peru 0.740   74.8   13.4   9.0   11,295   6   89  
    87
    Thailand 0.740   74.6   13.6   7.9   14,519   -11   88  
    89
    Ecuador 0.739   76.1   14.0   8.3   10,536   6   87  
    90
    China 0.738   76.0   13.5   7.6 c 13,345   -7   91  
    91
    Fiji 0.736   70.2   15.3 k 10.5 f 8,245   20   91  
    92
    Mongolia 0.735   69.8   14.8   9.8 m 10,449   4   93  
    92
    Saint Lucia 0.735   75.2   13.1   9.3 m 9,791   14   90  
    94
    Jamaica 0.730   75.8   12.8   9.6 f 8,350   16   94  
    95
    Colombia 0.727   74.2   13.6   7.6 c 12,762   -10   95  
    96
    Dominica 0.726   77.9 g 12.8 k 7.9 m 10,096   6   95  
    97
    Suriname 0.725   71.3   12.7   8.3 m 16,018   -27   97  
    97
    Tunisia 0.725   75.0   14.6   7.1 c 10,249   3   97  
    99
    Dominican Republic 0.722   73.7   13.2   7.7   12,756   -13   101  
    99
    Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 0.722   73.0   13.3 m 8.6 k 10,372   -1   99  
    101
    Tonga 0.721   73.0   14.3 m 11.1   5,284   33   101  
    102
    Libya 0.716   71.8   13.4 k 7.3 c 14,303   -25   100  
    103
    Belize 0.706   70.1   12.8   10.5   7,375   14   103  
    104
    Samoa 0.704   73.7   12.9 d 10.3 d 5,372   27   104  
    105
    Maldives 0.701   77.0   12.7 o 6.2 q 10,383   -8   105  
    105
    Uzbekistan 0.701   69.4 r 12.2   12.0 m 5,748   21   108  
    MEDIUM HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
    107
    Moldova (Rep. of) 0.699   71.7   11.8   11.9   5,026   31   105  
    108
    Botswana 0.698   64.5   12.6   9.2 c 14,663   -33   107  
    109
    Gabon 0.697   64.9   12.6   8.1 q 19,044   -46   109  
    110
    Paraguay 0.693   73.0   12.3   8.1   8,182   3   110  
    111
    Egypt 0.691   71.3   13.1   7.1 f 10,064   -7   111  
    111
    Turkmenistan 0.691   65.7   10.8   9.9 k 14,026   -32   111  
    113
    Indonesia 0.689   69.1   12.9   7.9   10,053   -8   113  
    114
    Palestine, State of 0.684   73.1   12.8   8.9   5,256   21   115  
    115
    Viet Nam 0.683   75.9   12.6   8.0 c 5,335   18   115  
    116
    Philippines 0.682   68.3   11.7   9.3   8,395   -7   114  
    117
    El Salvador 0.680   73.3   13.2   6.5   7,732   -3   115  
    118
    Bolivia 0.674   68.7   13.8   8.2   6,155   6   118  
    119

     

    South Africa 0.666   57.7   13.0   10.3   12,087   -30   119  
    120
    Kyrgyzstan 0.664   70.8   13.0   10.8 c 3,097   32   120  
    121
    Iraq 0.649   69.6   10.1 k 6.6 n 11,608   -30   121  
    122
    Cabo Verde 0.648   73.5   13.5   4.8 k 6,049   3   122  
    123
    Morocco 0.647   74.3   12.1   5.0 f 7,195   -4   123  
    124
    Nicaragua 0.645   75.2   11.7   6.5 f 4,747   16   124  
    125
    Guatemala 0.640   72.1   10.7   6.3   7,063   -4   126  
    125
    Namibia 0.640   65.1   11.7   6.7 f 9,770   -18   126  
    127
    Guyana 0.638   66.5   10.3   8.4 c 6,884   -5   125  
    127
    Micronesia (Fed. States of) 0.638   69.3   11.7 k 9.7 d 3,291   22   126  
    129
    Tajikistan 0.627   69.6   11.3   10.4 q 2,601   30   129  
    130
    Honduras 0.625   73.3   11.2   6.2   4,466   11   130  
    131
    India 0.624   68.3   11.7   6.3 c 5,663   -4   131  
    132
    Bhutan 0.607   69.9   12.5   3.1 n 7,081   -12   132  
    133
    Timor-Leste 0.605   68.5   12.5   4.4 q 5,371 l -1   133  
    134
    Vanuatu 0.597   72.1   10.8 o 6.8 n 2,805   23   134  
    135
    Congo (Brazzaville) 0.592   62.9   11.1   6.3 c 5,503   -7   135  
    135
    Equatorial Guinea 0.592   57.9   9.2 k 5.5 q 21,517   -79   137  
    137
    Kiribati 0.588   66.2   11.9   7.8 k 2,475   23   136  
    138
    Laos 0.586   66.6   10.8   5.2 n 5,049   -2   137  
    139
    Bangladesh 0.579   72.0   10.2   5.2 c 3,341   8   140  
    139
    Ghana 0.579   61.5   11.5   6.9 f 3,839   5   140  
    139
    Zambia 0.579   60.8   12.5   6.9 f 3,464   7   139  
    142
    Sao Tome and Principe 0.574   66.6   12.0   5.3   3,070   12   142  
    143
    Cambodia 0.563   68.8   10.9   4.7 q 3,095   10   143  
    144
    Nepal 0.558   70.0   12.2   4.1 n 2,337   19   144  
    145
    Myanmar 0.556   66.1   9.1 m 4.7 f 4,943   -6   146  
    146
    Kenya 0.555   62.2   11.1   6.3 f 2,881   10   147  
    147
    Pakistan 0.550   66.4   8.1   5.1   5,031   -10   148  
    LOW HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
    148
    Swaziland 0.541   48.9   11.4   6.8 n 7,522   -33   149  
    149
    Syria 0.536   69.7   9.0   5.1 s 2,441 t 13   145  
    150
    Angola 0.533   52.7   11.4   5.0 q 6,291   -27   150  
    151
    Tanzania 0.531   65.5   8.9   5.8   2,467   10   152  
    152
    Nigeria 0.527   53.1   10.0   6.0 q 5,443   -23   151  
    153
    Cameroon 0.518   56.0   10.4   6.1 c 2,894   2   154  
    154
    Papua New Guinea 0.516   62.8   9.9 k 4.3 f 2,712   4   153  
    154
    Zimbabwe 0.516   59.2   10.3   7.7   1,588   20   158  
    156
    Solomon Islands 0.515   68.1   9.6 m 5.3 d 1,561   19   155  
    157
    Mauritania 0.513   63.2   8.5   4.3 f 3,527   -12   155  
    158
    Madagascar 0.512   65.5   10.3   6.1 n 1,320   25   157  
    159
    Rwanda 0.498   64.7   10.8   3.8   1,617   14   162  
    160
    Comoros 0.497   63.6   11.1   4.8 q 1,335   22   160  
    160
    Lesotho 0.497   50.1   10.7   6.1 f 3,319   -12   161  
    162
    Senegal 0.494   66.9   9.5   2.8 m 2,250   3   163  
    163
    Haiti 0.493   63.1   9.1 k 5.2 c 1,657   9   164  
    163
    Uganda 0.493   59.2   10.0   5.7 m 1,670   8   165  
    165
    Sudan 0.490   63.7   7.2   3.5   3,846   -22   165  
    166
    Togo 0.487   60.2   12.0   4.7 q 1,262   18   167  
    167
    Benin 0.485   59.8   10.7   3.5 c 1,979   1   168  
    168
    Yemen 0.482   64.1   9.0   3.0 c 2,300   -4   159  
    169
    Afghanistan 0.479   60.7   10.1   3.6 f 1,871   1   169  
    170
    Malawi 0.476   63.9   10.8   4.4 f 1,073   16   170  
    171
    C?te d'Ivoire 0.474   51.9   8.9   5.0 f 3,163   -20   172  
    172
    Djibouti 0.473   62.3   6.3   4.1 k 3,216   -22   171  
    173
    Gambia 0.452   60.5   8.9   3.3 f 1,541   3   173  
    174
    Ethiopia 0.448   64.6   8.4   2.6 q 1,523   5   174  
    175
    Mali 0.442   58.5   8.4   2.3   2,218   -9   175  
    176
    Congo (Kinshasa) 0.435   59.1   9.8   6.1   680   15   178  
    177
    Liberia 0.427   61.2   9.9   4.4 f 683   13   177  
    178
    Guinea-Bissau 0.424   55.5   9.2 m 2.9 k 1,369   3   179  
    179
    Eritrea 0.420   64.2   5.0   3.9 k 1,490   1   181  
    179
    Sierra Leone 0.420   51.3   9.5   3.3 f 1,529   -1   176  
    181
    Mozambique 0.418   55.5   9.1   3.5 q 1,098   4   182  
    181
    South Sudan 0.418   56.1   4.9   4.8 n 1,882   -12   179  
    183
    Guinea 0.414   59.2   8.8   2.6 q 1,058   4   182  
    184
    Burundi 0.404   57.1   10.6   3.0 c 691   5   184  
    185
    Burkina Faso 0.402   59.0   7.7   1.4 q 1,537   -8   185  
    186
    Chad 0.396   51.9   7.3   2.3 n 1,991   -19   186  
    187
    Niger 0.353   61.9   5.4   1.7 f 889   1   187  
    188
    Central African Republic 0.352   51.5   7.1   4.2 n 587   4   188 Africa
                                     
    Source: Human Development Report 2016

    Notes
    a. Data refer to 2015 or the most recent year available.
    b. In calculating the HDI value, expected years of schooling is capped at 18 years.
    c. Updated by HDRO using Barro and Lee (2016) estimates.
    d. Based on data from the national statistical office.
    e. In calculating the HDI value, GNI per capita is capped at $75,000.
    f. Based on Barro and Lee (2016).
    g. Value from UNDESA (2011).
    h. Calculated as the average of mean years of schooling for Austria and Switzerland.
    i. Estimated using the purchasing power parity (PPP) rate and projected growth rate of Switzerland.
    j. Estimated using the PPP rate and projected growth rate of Spain.
    k. Based on cross-country regression.
    l. HDRO estimate based on data from World Bank (2016a) and United Nations Statistics Division (2016a).
    m. Updated by HDRO based on data from UNESCO Institute for Statistics (2016).
    n. Based on data from United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys for 2006–2015.
    o. Updated by HDRO based on data from ICF Macro Demographic and Health Surveys for 2006-2015.
    p. Based on a cross-country regression and the projected growth rate from UNECLAC (2016).
    q. Based on data from ICF Macro Demographic and Health Surveys for 2006-2015.
    r. Value from WHO (2016).
    s. Updated by HDRO based on Syrian Center for Policy Research (2016).
    t. Based on projected growth rates from UNESCWA (2016) and World Bank (2016a).


     
    Related Categories:

    Corruption Perceptions Index 2016
    176 nations surveyed in 2016 Corruption Perceptions Index.

    Countries of the Third World
    Third World Countries by various categories.

    Countries and their Regard of Press Freedom
    Index of countries according to their respect for press freedom.

    List of Least Developed Countries (LDCs)

    Universal Declaration of Human Rights

    First, Second and Third World

    Sovereign Debt and Credit Rating of Countries
    2011-2012, list of countries with a variety of indicators of their financial stability or instability.

    For in-depth information about the report please go to:
    United Nations Human Development Report
    Cultural Liberty in Today's Diverse World.
    Country Profiles and International Human Development Indicators
     
     
    SiteLock
    Support UNICEF
     
    up
    二四六天天好彩(944cc)246天