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    View of Mount Merapi from Borobudur, Java, Indonesia
    View of Mount Merapi from Borobudur, the active stratovolcano is located on the border between Central Java and Yogyakarta, Java, Indonesia.
    Image: Photo Dharma (Anandajoti)

    ___ Indonesia

    Indonesia's National Flag
    Flag of Indonesia


    Location map of Indonesia. Where in the world is Indonesia?
    Location map of Indonesia


    Destination Indonesia, the largest archipelago in the world is situated in Maritime Southeast Asia, between the Indian Ocean (to the south) and the South China Sea (Pacific Ocean, in north). It is bordered by Malaysia (on Borneo), Papua New Guinea (on the island of New Guinea), Timor-Leste (East Timor) on the island of Timor. Indonesia shares maritime borders with Australia, India, Palau, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, and Vietnam.

    The country consists of a number of islands between, 13,000 and more than 17,000, depending on what you define as an island. Largest islands are Sumatra, Java (with more than half of the country's population), Borneo (known as "Kalimantan" in Indonesia), Sulawesi, and New Guinea. Most of the larger islands are mountainous, with peaks ranging between 3,000 and 3,800 m.

    Pura Besakih temple complex, Bali, Indonesia
    Pura Besakih temple complex, it is the revered mother temple of Hindu religion in Bali.
    Image: Flying Pharmacist
    The whole country lies in the south western arm of the Ring of Fire, an arc of volcanic activities, ocean trenches, fault lines and plate movements. The islands of Indonesia are prone to earthquakes and even tsunamis. Indonesia is supposed to be the country with the most volcanoes in the world.

    With an area of 1,904,569 km2 and a population of 258 million people (in 2016) making Indonesia the largest and most populous country situated only on islands, the combined area of the archipelago is slightly smaller than Mexico, or more than five times the size of Germany.

    Indonesia's capital and largest city is Jakarta on the island of Java (pop. 10 million), other major cities: Bandung, Medan, Surabaya. Official language is Indonesian.



    Republic of Indonesia | Republik Indonesia


    Country Profile



    Background:
    Indonesia is the largest archipelago in the world. It consists of five major islands and about 30 smaller groups. The archipelago is on a crossroad between two oceans, the Pacific and the Indian, and bridges two continents, Asia and Australia/Oceania. This strategic position has always influenced the cultural, social, political, and economic life of the country which has achieved independence from the Netherlands in 1949.

    Current issues include: implementing IMF-mandated reforms of the banking sector, effecting a transition to a popularly elected government after four decades of authoritarianism, addressing charges of cronyism and corruption, holding the military accountable for human rights violations, and resolving growing separatist pressures in Aceh and Irian Jaya.




    Official Name:
    Republik Indonesia
    short form: Indonesia
    int'l long form: Republic of Indonesia
    int'l short form: Indonesia
    formerly: Netherlands East Indies; Dutch East Indies

    ISO Country Code: id

    Time:
    Local Time = UTC +7h to UTC +9h
    Actual Time:
    Denpasar, Bali Wed-Nov-11  20:28
    Jakarta, Java Wed-Nov-11  19:28

    Country Calling Code: +62

    Capital City: Jakarta (Special Capital City Region of Jakarta), situated on the island of Java (pop. est. 8.8 million)

    Other Cities:
    Surabaya, Medan, Bandung

    Government:
    Type: Independent republic.
    Independence: 17 August 1945 Indonesia proclaimed independence; on 27 December 1949, the country became legally independent from the Netherlands.
    Constitution: 1945.

    Geography:
    Location: Southeastern Asia, archipelago between the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean.
    Largest islands: Sumatra, Java, Kalimantan (Borneo), Sulawesi (Celebes), New Guinea.
    Area: 2 million km² (736 000 sq. mi.).
    Terrain: More than 17 000 islands; 6 000 are inhabited; 1 000 of which are permanently settled. Large islands consist of coastal plains with mountainous interiors.

    Climate: tropical; hot, humid; cooler in the highlands.

    People:
    Nationality: Indonesian(s).
    Population: 258 million (2016)
    Ethnic groups: 45% Javanese, 14% Sudanese, 7.5% Madurese and 26% other ethnic groups.
    Religions: Islam 87%, Protestant 6%, Catholic 3%, Hindu 2%, Buddhist and other 1%.
    Languages: Bahasa Indonesia (official, akin to Malay), English, Dutch, plus 583 dialects, the most widely spoken of which is Javanese.
    Literacy: 88.5

    Natural resources: Petroleum, tin, natural gas, nickel, timber, bauxite, copper, fertile soils, coal, gold, silver.

    Agriculture products: Rice, cassava (tapioca), peanuts, rubber, cocoa, coffee, palm oil, copra, poultry, beef, pork, eggs.

    Industries: Petroleum and natural gas, textiles, apparel, footwear, mining, cement, chemical fertilizers, plywood, rubber, food, tourism.

    Exports - commodities: mineral fuels, animal or vegetable fats (includes palm oil), electrical machinery, rubber, machinery and mechanical appliance parts.

    Exports - partners: Japan 12%, USA 10.8%, China 10%, Singapore 8.4%, India 7.8%, South Korea 5.1%, Malaysia 5.1% (2015)

    Imports - commodities: mineral fuels, boilers, machinery, and mechanical parts, electric machinery, iron and steel, foodstuffs.

    Imports - partners: China 20.6%, Singapore 12.6%, Japan 9.3%, Malaysia 6%, South Korea 5.9%, Thailand 5.7%, US 5.3% (2015)

    Currency: Indonesian Rupiah (IDR)

    Indonesia in Figures
    Indonesia key statistical data.


    Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

    Official Sites of Indonesia


    Indonesia Government
    Government of the Republic of Indonesia.

    Ministry of Foreign Affairs
    Official website of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs Republic of Indonesia.

    Diplomatic Missions
    Permanent Mission of Indonesia to the UN
    Indonesia's representation to the United Nations.
    Embassy of Indonesia Canada
    Indonesia's Embassy, Ottawa.
    Embassy of the Republic of Indonesia in the U.S.
    Washington D.C.

    Statistics
    BPS - Badan Pusat Statistik
    Statistics Indonesia.


    Official Websites of Regional Governments:

    Sumatra
    Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam
    NAD Province online (in Bahasa Indonesia)
    Propinsi Bengkulu
    Bengkulu Province online (in Bahasa Indonesia)
    Propinsi Riau
    Official Site of Riau's Province Government.
    Provinsi Sumatera Barat
    West Sumatra Province government (in Bahasa Indonesia).
    Provinsi Lampung
    Lampung Province Government (in Bahasa Indonesia)

    Java
    Resmi Provinsi DKI Jakarta
    Official site of the DKI Jakarta Province Government.
    Provinsi Jawa Barat
    West Java Province (in Bahasa Indonesia).
    Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta
    Yogyakarta Province Government site (in Bahasa Indonesia).
    Provinsi Jawa Tengah
    Central Java Province (in Bahasa Indonesia).
    Provinsi Jawa Timur
    East Java Province Government (in Bahasa Indonesia).
    Bali Province, Provinsi Bali
    Bali Province Government site (Bahasa Indonesia).

    Sulawesi (Celebes)
    Pemerintah Provinsi Sulawesi Utara
    North Sulawesi Province Government (Bahasa Indonesia).

    Borneo/Kalimantan
    Kalimantan Timur
    East Kalimantan Province Government (in Bahasa Indonesia).
    Pemerintah Provinsi Kalimantan Barat
    West Kalimantan Province Government (in Bahasa Indonesia).
    Provinsi Kalimantan Selatan
    South Kalimantan Province (partly in English)

    Irian Jaya (New Guinea)
    Pemerintah Provinsi Papua - The Government of Papua Province
    The Government of Papua Province (Indonesia).

    Maps

    profile Political Map of Indonesia
    Political Map of Indonesia.
    profile Administrative Regions of Indonesia
    Map of Indonesia with administrative regions (provinces).

    Google Earth Google Map of Indonesia
    Searchable map and satellite view of Indonesia.
    Google Earth Google Map of Jakarta
    Searchable map and satellite view of Indonesia's capital city (formerly known as Sunda Kelapa, Jayakarta and Batavia).
    Google Earth Google Map of Bandung
    Searchable map and satellite view of Bandung, capital of West Java province.
    Google Earth Google Map of Medan
    Searchable map and satellite view of Medan, capital of North Sumatra province.
    Google Earth Google Map of Surabaya
    Searchable map and satellite view of Surabaya, capital of Jawa Timur (East Java).

    South China Sea
    Map and information about the South China Sea.
    Map of Southeast Asia
    Map of the Southeast Asia region.
    profile Map of Asia
    Reference Map of Asia.
     

    News


    ANTARA
    The official news agency of the government of Indonesia.

    The Jakarta Post
    The journal of Indonesia today provides current Indonesian news.
    The Jakarta Globe
    English-language daily printed in Jakarta.

    Newspaper in Bahasa Indonesia
    Kompas Newspaper
    Daily news.
    Surya online
    Indonesia News.
    Tempo Interaktif
    Magazine with online news from Indonesia.

    Business News
    Bisnis Indonesia
    Business and finance (English/Indonesian).

    International News
    Indonesia Post
    Indonesia News by World News Network.

    Radio
    Radio Republik Indonesia (RRI)
    Public, operates six national networks provides online news in English and Indonesian.

    TV
    Public Stations
    Televisi Republik Indonesia (TVRI)
    TVRI operates two networks (Indonesian).

    Private Stations
    Indosiar
    Rajawali Citra TV Indonesia (RCTI)
    Surya Citra Televisi Indonesia (SCTV)
    Media Nusantara Citra
    Private TV MNCTV's official website, formerly TPI.

     

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    Arts & Culture


    National Museum of Indonesia
    Indonesia's 'Museum Nasional' reflects Indonesian culture, it is located in central Jakarta (in Indonesian). 

    Galeri Nasional Indonesia
    The National Gallery of Indonesia is the national art gallery and a center for modern and contemporary art in Jakarta.

    Taman Mini Indonesia Indah
    Indonesian culture in a recreational park.

    Living in Indonesia
    A site for Expats.



    Nusa Dua Festival, Indonesia
    Nusa Dua Festival, Bali
    © The Jakarta Post (Murdani Usman)

    Business & Economy


    Bank Indonesia
    Central Bank of Republic of Indonesia.

    Bursa Efek Indonesia
    Indonesia Stock Exchange.

    Ministry of Industry
    Indonesian Ministry of Industry website.

    Indonesia-Product.com
    Indonesia Business Directory. Find products from Indonesia.

    __Transportation

    Airline
    Garuda
    The Indonesian Airline.

    Airport
    Jakarta Airport (Soekarno-Hatta)
    Official website of Soekarno-Hatta International also called Cengkareng by Indonesians (IATA code: CGK).

    Port
    Port of Jakarta
    The Port of Tanjung Priok is the largest Indonesian seaport.

    Railroad
    PT Kereta Api Indonesia
    Indonesian Railways (Java).
     
     
     
    Borobudur Temple, Central Java, Indonesia
    The sun rises over Borobudur Temple in Central Java, the volcano Merapi in background.
    Image: Cmichel67

    Travel and Tour Consumer Information


    Destination Indonesia - Travel and Tour Guides


    Discover Indonesia:
    Cities: Jakarta, Surabaya, Medan, Bandung
    Borobudur (9th-century Mahayana Buddhist temple complex), Prambanan (9th-century Hindu temple complex), Java; Pura Besakih (important Hindu temple complex), Sabangau National Park, Bali; Jayapura, Raja Ampat Islands, West Papua; Equator Monument Museum, Kalimantan (Borneo); Lake Toba (large crater lake), Alas River (rafting), Mount Leuser National Park, Sumatra

    Find accommodation, attractions, festivals, events, tours and much more.

    Wonderful Indonesia
    The official site of the Indonesian Tourism Ministry.

     Tourism Indonesia
    Comprehensive travel and tourism guide to art and culture of Indonesia.

    Living in Indonesia, Site for Expatriates-Jakarta Indonesia
    Articles with essential information on moving to Indonesia, the site provides in-depth information on Indonesia from an expat point of view.

    Bali
    Bali Government Tourism
    Official Bali Tourism Website.
    Bali Online
    Country and travel guide to Bali.

    Java
    JOGJA.com
    A gateway to Yogyakarta on the island of Java, one of the main tourist destinations in Indonesia.
    East-Indonesia.com?
    Java - Temples, Volcanoes and Bustling Cities.
     
     
     

    Education


    Universitas Indonesia
    State university of Indonesia, Jakarta.

    Indonesia Universities
    A list of Indonesian Universities.
     
     
     

    Environment & Nature


    Down to Earth
    UK based project monitors and campaigns on the social and human implications of environmental issues in Indonesia.
    Friends of the Earth Indonesia
    Site of the Indonesian Forum for Environment.
    Jaringan Advokasi Tambang - the Mining Advocacy Network
    JATAM is working on issues concerning human rights, gender, the environment, indigenous people and social justice in relation to the mining, oil, and gas industries.
    WALHI - Wahana Lingkungan Hidup Indonesia
    Indonesian Forum for Environment, largest forum of NGOs and community-based organisations in Indonesia with more than 430 member organisations.

    Orang Utan Rehabilitation Center and Tanjung Puting National Park
    Site about the Rehabilitation Center at Tanjung Puting National Park.
     
     

    History


    Outline of Indonesia's History
    Library of Congress: Indonesia from prehistory until today.
     
     

    Sources and additional Information on Indonesia



     
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