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    Ireland



    Enniscorthy in County Wexford, as seen from Shannon Quay
    View of the city of Enniscorthy in County Wexford, as seen from Shannon Quay with Enniscorthy Castle in the center, Saint Aidan's Cathedral to the right and St. Mary's Church on the left.
    Image: DXR

     
    Location Map of Ireland. Where in Europe is Ireland?
    Location Map of Ireland
    Flag of Ireland
    Flag of Ireland
    Destination Ireland, a Nations Online Project profile of the Republic of Ireland, the sovereign state on the island of Ireland. The second-largest island of the British Isles lies west of Great Britain.

    About four-fifths of the area of Ireland is the national territory of the Republic of Ireland, the remaining one-fifth in the northeast of the island belongs to Northern Ireland, which is part of the United Kingdom (old story).

    With an area of 70,273 km2, the Republic of Ireland is somewhat larger than twice the size of Denmark, or slightly larger than the US state of West Virginia.

    The Republic of Ireland has a population of 5 million people (in 2019), the capital and largest city is Dublin. Spoken languages are Irish (official) and English.


    What is Ireland famous for?
    The "Emerald Isle" is famous for Saint Patrick’s Day, Irish Pubs and Guinness beer, castles and castles in pieces. Rugby, horse racing, golf, football, and other Gaelic sports. Irish Stew, Irish Whiskey, Irish linen, pottery, the trifoliate shamrocks. James Joyce, Oscar Wilde, Samuel Beckett, Bram Stoker (Dracula), U2, Sinead O'Connor, Van Morrison, and Riverdance. Irish mythology and folklore (béaloideas), the Leprechaun, and a Celtic heritage.


    Republic of Ireland | Poblacht na héireann


    Background:
    A failed 1916 Easter Monday Rebellion touched off several years of guerrilla warfare that in 1921 resulted in independence from the UK for the 26 southern counties; the six northern counties (Ulster) remained part of Great Britain.

    In 1948 Ireland withdrew from the British Commonwealth; it joined the European Community in 1973. Irish governments have sought the peaceful unification of Ireland and have cooperated with Britain against terrorist groups. A peace settlement for Northern Ireland, approved in 1998, was implemented the following year.
    (Source: CIA - The World Factbook)


     

    Country Profile



    Official Name:
    Poblacht na héireann - Republic of Ireland
    short form: Éire, Ireland
    int'l long form: Republic of Ireland
    int'l short form: Ireland

    ISO Country Code: ie, IRL

    Time:
    Time Zone: Greenwich Mean Time (GMT)
    Local Time = UTC +0h
    Actual Time: Wed-Nov-11  15:16
    Daylight Saving Time (DST): March - October (UTC +1h)

    Country Calling Code: +353

    Capital City: Dublin (city pop. 554,500 (in 2016))
    Dublin metropolitan area: 1.4 million. (in 2019)
    Dublin (Baile Átha Cliath)
    Searchable map of Dublin.

    ...show more



    Official Sites of Ireland

    Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

    The Leinster House in Dublin houses the Irish parliament
    The Leinster House (Irish: Teach Laighean) in Dublin is the seat of the Oireachtas, the Irish parliament.
    Image: Jean Housen


    Irish Government
    Ireland is a constitutional republic with a parliamentary system of government. The Oireachtas is the national parliament consisting of the Irish president and the two chambers of the Oireachtas, the Seanad éireann (Senate) and the Dáil éireann (House of Representatives). Chief of state is the president; head of government is the Taoiseach (Prime Minister). The cabinet is nominated by the prime minister, who is appointed by the president.


    Official websites of the Government of Ireland

    Áras an Uachtaráin
    The official website of the President of Ireland.

    Government of Ireland
    Eolas ar Stát na hÉireann - Information on the Irish State.

    Department of the Taoiseach
    Official site of Ireland's Primeminister.

    Tithe an Oireachtais
    Houses of the Oireachtas, the Parliament of Ireland.


    The Department of Foreign Affairs
    Official website of the Department of Foreign Affairs, Ireland.


    Diplomatic Missions
    Embassy of Ireland
    The Irish embassy in Washington D.C.
    Irish Embassies abroad
    Address list of Ireland's Diplomatic Missions in the world.
    Diplomatic Embassies accredited to Ireland
    Address list of Foreign Diplomatic Missions in Dublin.

    Statistics
    Central Statistics Office Ireland
    Ireland in figures.

    Weather
    Met Éireann
    Irish National Meteorological Service.

     List of Ireland's National Departments, State Agencies and Bodies

     

     


    Maps of Ireland



    Ireland Map
    Map of Ireland (click map to enlarge)
    Image: ? nationsonline.org


    Maps


     Map of Ireland
    Map of Ireland and Northern Ireland.
    Map of Northern Ireland
    Political Map of Northern Ireland.
    Google Earth Google Earth Map Ireland
    Searchable map/satellite view of Ireland.
    Google Earth Google Earth Map Dublin
    Searchable map/satellite view of Dublin.
    Map of the United Kingdom
    Political Map of the United Kingdom and the British Isles.

    Map of Europe
    Political Map of Europe.
     

     


    News of Ireland



    Irish Newspapers

    Online News from Ireland



    Irish Examiner
    Irish national daily newspaper based in Cork.

    Irish Independent
    The Irish Independent is the largest daily newspaper in Ireland and the flagship of the Independent News & Media based in Dublin.

    Irish Times
    The Irish Times is an Irish national daily newspaper with the largest number of foreign correspondents. The paper is based in Dublin.

    The Irish News
    The daily newspaper is based in Belfast.

    TheJournal.ie
    Internet publication of Irish and international news and opinion.


    RTÉ News
    Internet News Service from Ireland's National Broadcasting Service.

     


     


    Arts & Culture of Ireland


    Broighter Gold in the National Museum of Ireland
    Broighter Gold in the National Museum of Ireland in Dublin. The Broighter Gold is a hoard of gold artifacts from the Iron Age of the 1st century BC and is described as the "finest example of Irish La Tène goldworking."
    Image: Ardfern


    Arts & Culture


    Department of Culture Ireland
    Department of Culture, Heritage and the Gaeltacht is a department of the Government of Ireland.

    Culture Ireland
    Culture Ireland is the state agency for the promotion of Irish arts worldwide.

    Dublin City Gallery - The Hugh Lane
    The Hugh Lane Gallery is one of the world's first public galleries for modern art, founded in 1908. The museum hosts exhibitions of European and Irish contemporary artists.

    Glasnevin Cemetery
    Enjoy the morbid fascination of a cemetery with a history. Glasnevin Cemetery features a museum and historically significant monuments and the graves of some of the country's most prominent national figures.

    Irish Museum of Modern Art
    IMMA in Dublin is Ireland's leading national institution for the collection and presentation of modern and contemporary art.

    Irish National Famine Museum
    The Famine Museum in Roscommon contains records from the time of Ireland's Great Famine of 1845–1852.

    Gailearaí Náisiúnta na hÉireann
    The National Gallery of Ireland houses the national collection of Irish art and European master paintings.

    National Museum of Ireland
    Ireland’s premier cultural institution. The museum's extensive collections focus on history, Irish art, culture, and natural history; it has three branches in Dublin and one in County Mayo (Country Life).

    Waterford Museum of Treasures

    The Waterford Museum of Treasures in Ireland’s oldest city consists of three museums in the so-called Viking Triangle; the Viking Museum, the Medieval Museum, and the Bishop's Palace Museum.


    Irish Literature
    Oscar Wilde portrait
    Oscar Wilde, the Irish playwright, novelist, poet, and wit.
    Image: W. and D. Downey (1889)

    Dublin-National Library Of Ireland
    The world's most extensive collection of Irish documentary material.

    Dublin Writers Museum
    The Dublin Writers' Museum offers an overview of the entire history of Irish literature and Ireland's literary legacy.

    Irish Writers Centre
    National organization for the promotion of writers and writing in Ireland.

    James Joyce Centre
    The James Joyce Centre is dedicated to fostering an understanding of the life and works of this most famous Dubliner.

    The Oscar Wilde Society
    The literary society is devoted to the congenial appreciation of Oscar Wilde.

    Music
    U2
    Official website of the Irish rock band from Dublin.

    Van Morrison 
    Official website of the Northern Irish singer-songwriter, instrumentalist and record producer.

    RTé National Symphony Orchestra
    The radio orchestra of Raidió Teilifís éireann (RTé).

     

     


    Business & Economy of Ireland


    Aer Lingus plane and several Ryanair aircraft at Dublin Airport
    An Aer Lingus plane and several Ryanair aircraft at Dublin Airport. Dublin Airport is by far the busiest of Ireland's airports by total passenger traffic.
    Image: Vmenkov


    Economy of Ireland
    The economy of Ireland is based on high-tech services, life sciences, financial services, and agribusiness.
    Major sectors of the country's economy are aircraft leasing, the alcoholic beverage industry, engineering, and energy generation (natural gas), the pharmaceutical industry, agriculture, and tourism.

    Exports:
    Ireland's economy is heavily dependent on exports, with the USA and the United Kingdom being important trading partners.
    In 2018, Ireland exported $32.9B in Blood, antisera, vaccines, toxins and cultures, making it the 1st largest exporter of Blood, antisera, vaccines, toxins and cultures in the world. [1] Beef and dairy products are also essential agricultural export products.


    Central Bank of Ireland
    Ireland's central bank with its headquarters in Dublin.

    Irish Stock Exchange
    Euronext Dublin (formerly The Irish Stock Exchange) is the most important stock exchange in Ireland.

    Chambers Ireland
    Ireland's largest business network.

    Dublin Chamber of Commerce
    Dublin Chamber is the largest and most influential B2B networking and lobbying organization in Dublin.


    Irish Brands
    Avoca
    Woolen mill, Wicklow.
    Avonmore
    Irish milk products.
    Baileys
    Irish Cream.
    Barry's Tea
    Irish tea company founded in 1901.
    Chupi
    Chupi Jewellery, Dublin.
    Flahavan’s
    Oats-based breakfast cereals.
    Guinness
    Irish Beer.
    Jacob's
    Biscuits and crackers.
    Kerrygold
    The Kerrygold butter and cheese brand is owned by Ornua (formerly known as The Irish Dairy Board).
    Lyons
    Irish tea company.
    Tayto
    Irish chips and popcorn manufacturer.


    Transportation

    Airlines
    Aer Arann Islands
    Feeder air service for Ireland and the UK.
    Aer Lingus
    Ireland's National airline.
    Ryanair
    Europe's first low fares airline is still the largest low-cost airline in Europe.

    Airport
    Dublin Airport
    Ireland's busiest airport, 30+ million passengers passed through the airport in 2018.

    Bus
    Bus éireann
    Bus éireann provides bus services throughout Ireland, except for Dublin City.
    Dublin Bus
    The state-owned company provides transport services in Dublin and the Greater Dublin Area.

    Rail
    Iarnród Éireann
    Irish Rail is the operator of the national railway network in Ireland.

    Ferry
    Irish Ferries
    Ireland's largest ferry company operating ferries between Ireland and Britain and Ireland and France.

    Ports
    Ireland's major ports are in Cork (Port of Cork), Rosslare (Rosslare Europort), Waterford (Port of Waterford), and Dublin. Dublin Port is by far the busiest harbor on the island of Ireland.
     

    Dublin Docklands, Samuel Beckett Bridge and Sir Rogerson's Quay, Dublin
    Dublin's regenerated Docklands with Samuel Beckett Bridge over the River Liffey. Convention Centre Dublin. The sloping building on the left is the Convention Centre Dublin.
    Image: William Murphy
      

     


    Tourism in Ireland



    Benedictine monastery Kylemore Abbey in Connemara, County Galway, Ireland
    Kylemore Abbey in Connemara, County Galway, is a Benedictine monastery founded in 1920.
    Image: Gnu-Bricoleur



    Destination Ireland - Travel and Tour Guides



    Advertisement

    Discover Ireland: Cork, Kerry, Dublin, East Coast Midlands, West, Northwest and Lakelands, and the South East.
    Links to accommodation, attractions, festivals, events, tours, and much more.


    Bord Fáilte - Welcome to Ireland
    Official Website of the Irish Tourist Board with comprehensive travel and tourism information.

    Tourist Information Offices
    List of local tourist information offices across Ireland.

    Tourism Ireland
    From the Causeway Coast and the Wild Atlantic Way to the Sunny South East and the 11 cities in between. Tourism Ireland is responsible for marketing the island of Ireland overseas as a holiday destination.


    Ireland Regions:
    Ireland North West & Lakelands
    Tourism guide to Ireland North West regions: Cavan, Donegal, Leitrim, Monaghan, and Sligo.

    South East Ireland
    Explore Ireland's South East: the Counties of Carlow, Kilkenny, Tipperary, Waterford, and Wexford.

    Visit Clare
    Get tourist information about County Clare.

    Visit Mayo
    Mayo Ireland website.

    Wild Atlantic Way
    The world's longest defined coastal touring route.


    Cities
    Pure Cork
    Official tourism website for Cork, the second-largest city in Ireland, located in the south-west of the island.

    Visit Dublin
    The official online tourist office for Dublin.

    Galway Tourism
    Information for visitors to Galway, the port city on Galway Bay on the west coast of Ireland.

    This is Limerick
    Limerick's city portal with visitor information.

    Visit Waterford
    The official online tourist website for Waterford.


    Northern Ireland
    OWNO's Northern Ireland page.
     

    Bachelors Walk with O'Connell Bridge over River Liffey in Dublin, Ireland
    Bachelors Walk with O'Connell Bridge over River Liffey in Dublin, the capital city of Ireland.
    Image: psyberartist
     

     


    UNESCO World Heritage Sites


    Beehive shaped huts of the 7th century Skellig Michael Monastery
    Clocháns, the beehive-shaped huts of the 7th century Skellig Michael Monastery.
    Image: Tristan Reville


    UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Ireland

    Ireland is home to two UNESCO World Heritage Sites, both cultural; additionally, there are seven sites on the tentative list (see UNESCO's list for Ireland).


    World Heritage Site Archaeological Ensemble of the Bend of the Boyne (Brú na Bóinne Complex)
    Brú na Bóinne is Europe's largest and most important concentration of prehistoric megalithic art. The complex shows the longevity of habitation whose origins can be found in Neolithic settlements. The various monuments, particularly the great passage tomb, represent important cultural, social, artistic, and scientific developments over a considerable length of time.

    World Heritage Site Skellig Michael
    This monastic complex from the 7th century is perched on the steep sides of the rocky island of Skellig Michael. It illustrates the very spartan existence of the first Irish Christians. Since the extreme remoteness of the island has until recently discouraged visitors, the site is exceptionally well preserved.

    World Heritage Site World Heritage Ireland
    Learn more about Ireland's World Heritage sites.

     

     


    Education in Ireland



    University College Cork in County Cork, Ireland
    The University College Cork in County Cork is a constituent university of the National University of Ireland.
    Image: Michael O'Sheil


    Universities of Ireland

    National College of Art and Design
    NCAD in Dublin offers the largest range of art and design degrees in Ireland.


    Trinity College Dublin - The Long Room of the Old Library
    Trinity College Dublin - The Long Room of the Old Library. The Long Room, which is almost 65 m long, is filled with 200,000 of the library's oldest books.
    Image: Diliff

    Trinity College Dublin
    The University of Dublin, Trinity College, was founded in 1592; it is the oldest university in Ireland.
    Dublin City University
    DCU is a young university, awarded university status in 1989.


    National University of Ireland
    NUI is a state university system, established in 1908 and based in Dublin. The constituent universities are independent universities, except that the degrees and diplomas are those of the National University of Ireland. The constituent universities are the University College Cork, the University College Dublin, the National University of Ireland, Galway, and Maynooth University.

    National University of Ireland, Galway
    NUI Galway is one of Ireland's top-ranked universities.
    University College Cork
    Ireland's first 5-star university is one of Ireland’s leading research institutes. UCC comprises four colleges: Arts, Celtic Studies and Social Sciences; Business and Law; Medicine and Health; Science, Engineering and Food Science.
    University College Dublin
    UCD, Ireland's largest university, was founded in 1851.

    University of Limerick
    The university is located near the city of Limerick, established in 1972.



     


    Environment & Nature



    Kerry Cliffs in County Kerry of Ireland
    Kerry Cliffs near Portmagee in County Kerry of Ireland.
    Image: Stinglehammer


    Government Bodies
    Environmental Protection Agency - Ireland
    The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is responsible for protecting and improving the environment as a valuable asset to the people of Ireland.


    NGOs
    Friends of the Earth Ireland
    Since October 2004, the Irish section of the world's largest environmental network.
    Friends of the Irish Environment - FIE
    Ireland's longest established environmental campaigning website.


    National Parks
    National Parks & Wildlife Service - NPWS
    This site describes the functions of NPWS, and you will find information about all six National Parks in Ireland.
    Burren Life Programme
    Farming for Conservation on the Burren (place of stone).
    Coole-Garryland Nature Reserve
    Tourist information for Coole Park, now a nature reserve close to Galway.
    Heritage Ireland
    The Office of Public Works will introduce you to many national monuments, historic houses, parks and gardens, some of the many and varied attractions of Ireland's rich heritage.
    Wicklow Mountains National Park
    Official website with in-depth information on the wildlife and landscape of Wicklow Mountains National Park.
     

    Hiking path at Wicklow Gap
    Hiking path at Wicklow Gap, the Wicklow Gap in County Wicklow is one of the highest Irish mountain passes.
    Image: ?? Superbass
     

     


    Ireland History



    The Battle of the Boyne painting
    The Battle of the Boyne in 1690 between the forces of the deposed King James II of England and Ireland, versus those of King William III of England.
    Painting: Jan van Huchtenburg (1647–1733)



    The National Archives of Ireland
    The National Archives of Ireland is a merger of the Public Record Office of Ireland and the State Paper Office.

    History of Ireland: Primary Documents
    Link collection of the Harold B. Lee Library with links to primary documents and online resources on Irish history.


    Plantation of Ulster
    Wikipedia article about The Plantation of Ulster, the organized colonization (plantation) of Ulster, a province of Ireland, in the early 17th century, by people from Great Britain during the reign of King James VI & I.

    Great Famine (Ireland)
    Wikipedia article about the Great Hunger, a period of mass starvation and disease in Ireland from 1845 to 1849.

    Irish War of Independence
    Wikipedia article about the Irish War of Independence or Anglo-Irish War. The Irish War of Independence was waged by the Irish Republican Army (IRA) in a kind of guerrilla war against the British government in Ireland from January 1919 to July 1921.


    CAIN: Conflict Archive on the Internet
    The Conflict Archive on the INternet, a multimedia database of resources relevant to teaching and research on the Northern Ireland conflict, 'The Troubles.'

    The Troubles
    Wikipedia article about the ethno-nationalist conflict in Northern Ireland during the late 20th century.

    CELTS (Corpus of Electronic Texts)
    The Free Digital Humanities Resource for Irish history, literature, and politics.

    Irish History Timeline
    Key events in the social, cultural, and political history of Ireland.

    Saint Patrick
    Wikipedia entry about the most generally recognized patron saint of Ireland.

    The Story of the Irish race
    Irish history.

    A Timeline of Irish History
    Irish Timeline and History.

    WWW-VL: HISTORY OF IRELAND
    Resource for researching a wide variety of Irish history topics.

    Celts
    Celtic Art and Cultures
    Celtic art and cultures from several European countries.
    Celts
    Wikipedia article about the Indo-European peoples and Celtic culture.
    Goidelic languages
    Wikipedia article about Gaelic languages.

    Poulnabrone dolmen, a megalithic passage tomb in the Burren, Ireland
    The Poulnabrone Dolmen, a megalithic passage tomb in the Burren.
    Image: HEireann 
     

     


    Additional Information




    Advertisement

    BBC Country Profile: Ireland

    GlobalEDGE: Ireland

    The Heritage Foundation: Ireland

    OEC: Ireland

    Wikipedia: Ireland

    The World Factbook -- Ireland





     

     



     
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