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    ___ Jordan

    Wadi Rum panorama, Jordan
    A panoramic view of Wadi Rum, also known as 'The Valley of the Moon', but the protected desert wilderness in southern Jordan resembles even more the red landscape of Mars, the area has been used as a background setting in a number of science fiction films set on Mars.
    Image: David Bjorgen
     
    Jordan Flag
    Flag of Jordan
    Location map of Jordan. Where in the world is Jordan?
    Location map of Jordan



    Destination Jordan, the Hashemite Kingdom in the Middle East, situated west of Israel and the Jordan river. It is a country at the crossroads of the continents of Asia, Africa and Europe.
    Countries with international borders to Jordan are Iraq, Israel, Saudi Arabia, Syria, and a portion of the Palestinian territories (West Bank), and it shares maritime borders with Egypt.

    The almost landlocked country is bordering the Gulf of Aqaba (Red Sea) in a small outlet in south. The country has a lakeshore at the Dead Sea, Earth's lowest elevation on land at 430.5 m below sea level.

    Much of Jordan is covered by the Arabian Desert. The country covers an area of 89,342 km2, making it slightly smaller than Portugal, or as well slightly smaller than the U.S. state of Indiana.

    Jordan has a population of of 9.9 million people (in 2017, including refugees of the Syrian Civil War). Capital and largest city is Amman (pop. 1.5 million), about 4 million people live in Greater Amman Municipality, almost half of the country's population. Spoken language is Arabic (official). Jordan is a country with a predominantly Muslim population, about 92% of Jordanians are follower of Sunni Islam, the dominant religion in the country. Cities in the south of Jordan, have the highest percentage of Muslim population.


    Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan | Al Urdun


    Country Profile



    Background:
    For most of its history since independence from British administration in 1946, Jordan was ruled by King HUSSEIN (1953-99). A pragmatic ruler, he successfully navigated competing pressures from the major powers (US, USSR, and UK), various Arab states, Israel, and a large internal Palestinian population, through several wars and coup attempts. In 1989 he resumed parliamentary elections and gradually permitted political liberalization; in 1994 a formal peace treaty was signed with Israel. King ABDALLAH II - the eldest son of King HUSSEIN and Princess MUNA - assumed the throne following his father's death in February 1999. Since then, he has consolidated his power and established his domestic priorities, including an aggressive economic reform program. Jordan acceded to the World Trade Organization in January 2000, and signed free trade agreements with the United States in 2000, and with the European Free Trade Association in 2001.
    (Source: CIA - The World Factbook)

    Jordan is a member state of the League of Arab States

    related countries: USA, Russia, United Kingdom

     

    Official Name:
    Al Mamlakah al Urduniyah al Hashimiyah
    short form: Al Urdun
    int'l short form: Jordan
    int'l long form: Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan
    formerly: Transjordan

    ISO Country Code: jo, jor

    Actual Time: Tue-Nov-10  02:27
    Local Time = UTC +2h
    Daylight Saving Time (DST) 31 March - 21 October 2005 (UTC +3)

    Country Calling Code: +962

    Capital City: Amman (pop. 1 million)

    Other Cities:
    Irbid (pop. 281 000), Az-Zarqa (pop. 421 000)

    Government:
    Type: Constitutional Monarchy
    Independence: 25 May 1946
    Constitution: 8 January 1952

    Geography:
    Location Middle East, northwest of Saudi Arabia, east of Israel
    Area: 89,342 km2 (34,495 sq. mi.)

    Climate: Mostly arid desert; rainy season in west (November to April)

    People:
    Nationality: Noun and adjective--Jordanian(s)
    Population 6.2 million (2012)
    Ethnic groups: Mostly Arab but small communities of Circassians (Adyghe), Armenians, and Kurds.
    Religions: Sunni Muslim 96%, Christian 4%.
    Languages: Arabic (official), English.
    Literacy: 90%

    Natural resources: Phosphates, potash, shale oil.
    Agriculture products: Wheat, barley, citrus, tomatoes, melons, olives; sheep, goats, poultry.

    Industries: Phosphate mining, pharmaceuticals, petroleum refining, cement, potash, light manufacturing, tourism.

    Exports - commodities: textiles, fertilizers, potash, phosphates, vegetables, pharmaceuticals

    Exports - partners: USA 21%, Saudi Arabia 16.5%, Iraq 10.3%, India 8.7%, UAE 4.8%, Kuwait 4.4% (2015)

    Imports - commodities: crude oil, refined petroleum products, machinery, transport equipment, iron, cereals

    Imports - partners: Saudi Arabia 15.4%, China 12.8%, USA 6.2%, Germany 4.7%, UAE 4.2% (2015)

    Currency: Jordanian Dinar (JOD)

    Jordan in Figures
    Jordan key statistical data.


    Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

    Official Sites of Jordan

    royal King Abdullah II
    Official Website of King Of The Hashemite Kingdom Of Jordan with his profile, vision, initiatives and pressroom.
    royal Queen Rania Al - Abdullah
    Her Majesty Queen Rania Al-Abdullah's site.
    royal HM Queen Noor of Jordan
    The official Web site of H.M. Queen Noor of Jordan.
    royal HRH Prince Hassan Bin Talal
    HRH Prince Hassan Bin Talal's Web Site.
    royal HM King Hussein I of Jordan
    Tribute to the legacy of King Hussein, the father of modern Jordan.


    The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan
    The official site of the Jordanian e-Government.

    The National Assembly
    Jordan's Parliamentary System.

    National Information System of Jordan
    The National Information System of Jordan site includes comprehensive information on the country and on government functions, organizations and official agencies.

    Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Jordan
    Official website of the ministry (in Arabic).


    Diplomatic Missions
    Embassy of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan in the USA
    Washington D.C.
    Embassy of Jordan in the UK

    Statistics
    Department of Statistics - DOS
    Jordan in figures.

    Jordan in Figures
    Jordan key statistical data.


    Jordan Maps
    Map of Jordan
    Political Map of Jordan.
    Google Earth Google Earth Jordan
    Searchable map/satellite view of Jordan.
    Google Earth Google Earth Map Amman
    Searchable map/satellite view of Jordan's capital city.

    Map of Northern Africa and the Middle East
    Political Map of of North Africa, the Arabian Peninsula and the Middle East.
    profile Map of Western Asia
    Map of Western Asia and the Middle East region.
     

    Jordan News


    Ad-Dustour Newspaper
    Jordan daily newspaper (in Arabic).
    Al-Ra'i
    National and international news (in Arabic).

    Jordan Times
    Jordan's English-language daily newspaper.

    Petra News Agency
    The Jordan News Agency.

     

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    old Jordanian in the city of Petra
    Old Jordanian in Petra, the famous historical and archaeological city in Jordan's southwestern desert.
    Image: Roxanne Desgagn├ęs


    Arts & Culture


    The Jordan Museum
    The largest museum in Jordan hosts the country's most important archaeological findings.

    Jordan National Gallery
    The Jordan National Gallery of Fine Arts.

    Khalid Shoman Foundation. Darat al Funun
    Darat al Funun is a home for the Arts and the artists of Jordan and the Arab world.

    The Jerash Festival
    The Jerash Festival of Culture and Arts takes place annually in late July. The site provides background and current news about the festival, as well as a program schedule (in Arabic).
     

     

    Business & Economy


    Central Bank of Jordan
    Central Bank of Jordan Home Page.

    ASE Amman Stock Exchange


    Ministry of Industry and Trade
    Official site of the ministry.
    Amman Chamber of Commerce
    Jordan Investment Promotion Corporation (IPC)
    Provides information on business and investment opportunities in Jordan, economic indicators and statistics, and Jordanian business news.

    __Transportation
    Royal Jordanian
    Royal Jordanian Airline, serves destinations in the Middle East, Europe and the USA.
    Royal Wings
    Amman, Levant's commuter airline, connects Amman, to the Red Sea and neighboring countries.
     
    Jordan Desert
    Desert scene with horse and palm tree © Jordan Tourism Board
    The Great Temple of Petra
    The Great Temple of Petra, the Rose City, a historical and archaeological site in southern Jordan and the most famous tourist attraction in the country. Today Petra official website is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
    Image: Bernard Gagnon


    Travel and Tour Consumer Information


    Destination Jordan - Country Guides

    Discover Jordan: Amman, Dead Sea, Um Qais, Gadara, Pella, Ummayed castles, City of Mosaics, Madaba, King's Highway, Petra, Kerak and Shobak, Wadi Rum, Aqaba.


    Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities
    The site provides abundant information on Jordan's history, monarchy, government, culture, archaeological and tourist sites, economy and services.

    Jordan Tourism Board
    The Official Tourism Site on Jordan, responsible for promoting Jordan tourism internationally.

    Discover Jordan
    And rediscover an ancient land.
    Jordan Eco Tours
    Tourism company that operates both classical and ecologically orientated travels in Jordan and the Middle East.
    Petra Tours
    One of Jordan's largest travel and tourism companies.

     
     

    Education


    Al-Ahliyya Amman University
    Privately funded and managed university, founded in 1990.
    Philadelphia University
    Located near Amman.
    University of Jordan
    The first ever institution of higher education in Jordan, founded in 1962.

    National Library
    Site of Jordan's National Library (in Arabic).

    Royal Institute for Interfaith Studies
    The mission of the Institute involves research, publication, and the organization of lectures, conferences, and workshops in the fields of Christian and Judaic studies with direct or indirect relevance to the Arab and Islamic worlds.

    Royal Scientific Society (RSS)
    The RSS was established in 1970, a non-profit institution conducting scientific and technological research and development work related to the development process in Jordan with special attention to industrial research and services.
     
     

    Environment & Nature


    Jordanian Friends of Environment
    An independent, non-profit, non-governmental organization, formed in 1995 and specialized in environmental education.

     
     
    Zaatari refugee camp, Jordan
    Aerial view of a portion of the Zaatari refugee camp which contains a population of about 80,000 Syrian refugees in 2015. There are 5 Syrian refugee camps in Jordan, built following the influx of 1.4 million Syrians, escaping the civil war in Syria.
    Image: U.S. Department of State

    History


    History of Jordan
    Wikipedia entry about Jordans history.

    Franciscan Archaeological Insitute
    Mount Nebo
     
     

    Search

    JordanLinks.com
    Jordan index.

    Additional Information on Jordan


    Amnesty International: Jordan

    BBC Country Profile: Jordan

    FAO: Jordan

    Human Rights Watch: Jordan

    GlobalEDGE: Jordan

    The Heritage Foundation: Jordan

    OEC: Jordan

    Reporters Without Borders: Jordan

    Wikipedia: Jordan

    The CIA World Factbook -- Jordan
     
     Support UNICEF

    Other countries and territories in the Middle East:
    Bahrain | Cyprus | Egypt | Gaza Strip | Iran | Iraq | Israel | Kuwait | Lebanon | Oman |
    Qatar | Saudi Arabia | Syria | Turkey | United Arab Emirates | West Bank | Yemen
     
    Major Cities in the Middle East
    Abu Dhabi, Aden, Alexandria, Amman, Ankara, Baghdad, Beirut, Cairo, Damascus, Doha, Dubai, Istanbul,
    Jerusalem, Kuwait (City), Luxor, Manama, Mecca, Muscat, Nazareth, Nicosia, Port Said, Riyadh, Sana'a,
    Sharm El Sheikh, Suez, Tehran, Tel Aviv

     
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