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    ___ Madagascar

    Landscape near Andreba, Sofia Region of Madagascar.
    Landscape near Andreba a town in the Sofia Region of Madagascar.
    Image: Arnaud DG
     
    Flag of Madagascar
    Flag of Madagascar
     
    where in the world is Madagascar?
    Location map of Madagascar
    Destination Madagascar, the big red island. Madagascar is the largest African island situated in the Indian Ocean, about 450 km (280 mi) east of the coast of Mozambique.

    The fourth largest island in the world has been isolated for about 88 million years and many of its plants and animals are unique to the island. The prehistoric breakup of the supercontinent Gondwana separated the Madagascar-Antarctica-India landmass from the Africa-South America landmass around 135 million years ago. Madagascar later split from India about 88 million years ago, allowing plants and animals on the island to evolve in relative isolation.

    With an area of 587,041 km2, the island is slightly larger than France, or almost twice the size of the US state of Arizona.

    Madagascar is geographically relative close to: the Comoros, Mauritius, Mozambique, Réunion, and South Africa.

    Madagascar has a population of more than 22 million inhabitants. Capital and largest city is Antananarivo. Spoken languages are Malagasy and French.


    Republic of Madagascar | Repoblikan'i Madagasikara

    Country Profile



    Background:
    Madagascar, the Red Island, the Rainbow Island, the Eighth Continent, there are many names for the world's 4th largest island. Madagascar is situated in the south western area of the Indian Ocean east of the coast of Africa about 400 km off the coast of Mozambique. The island is recognized as one of the world's top ten hotspots for biodiversity.
    Madagascar is inhabited by various ethnic groups of Malayo-Indonesian, mixed African and Malayo-Indonesian, and Arab ancestry. Five centuries before the Europeans discovered the island Malayo-Indonesian seafarers arrived in roughly the first century A.D., the Arabs followed in the 6th century to establish trading posts.
    Since the 16th century French and British influence left its mark.
    In October 1958 the Malagasy Republic was proclaimed as an autonomous state within the French Community and gained full independence in June 1960.
    Like many former colonial countries Madagascar went through various political states like uprisings, provisional governments, single-party rule, socialist economic policies, and threat of secession.
    Today the country is on a slow and steady economical and political growth path from an extremely low level.

    related countries: France, United Kingdom
     
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    Official Name:
    Repoblikan'i Madagasikara
    Republique de Madagascar

    short form: Madagascar
    int'l long form: Republic of Madagascar
    former: Malagasy Republic

    ISO Country Code: mg

    Time:
    Local Time = East African Time (UTC +3h)
    Actual Time: Sun-Nov-8  06:23

    Country Calling Code: +261

    Capital City: Antananarivo (Tananarive)

    Other Cities:
    Antsirabé (about 500 000), Mahajanga (about 400 000), Toamasina (about 450 000)

    Government:
    Type: Republic
    Independence: 26 June 1960 (from France)
    Constitution: 19 August 1992 by national referendum

    Geography:
    Location: Southern Africa, island in the Indian Ocean, east of Mozambique.
    Area: 587,040 km² (226,658 sq mil.) about the size of Texas or France.
    Terrain: Mountainous central plateau, coastal plain.

    Climate: tropical along coast, temperate inland, arid in south, periodic cyclones.

    People:
    Nationality: Malagasy
    Population: 21 million (est. 2014)
    Ethnic Groups: 18 separate tribal groups of Malayo-Indonesian, mixed African and Malayo-Indonesian, and Arab ancestry, French, Indian, Creole, Comoran.
    Religions: Indigenous beliefs 52%, Christian 41%, Muslim 7%.
    Languages: Malagasy (of Malayo-Polynesian origin), French, (both official), English
    Literacy: 70%

    Natural resources: Graphite, chromite, coal, bauxite, salt, quartz, tar sands, semiprecious stones, mica, fish, hydropower.

    Agriculture products: Coffee, vanilla, sugarcane, cloves, cocoa, rice, cassava (tapioca), beans, bananas, peanuts; livestock products.

    Industries: Meat processing, soap, breweries, tanneries, sugar, textiles, glassware, cement, automobile assembly plant, paper, petroleum, tourism.

    Exports - commodities: coffee, vanilla, shellfish, sugar, cotton cloth, clothing, chromite, petroleum products

    Exports - partners: France 15.2%, US 12.7%, China 7.1%, South Africa 5.9%, Japan 5.5%, Netherlands 5.4%, Germany 5.1%, Belgium 5%, India 4.4% (2015)

    Imports - commodities: capital goods, petroleum, consumer goods, food

    Imports - partners: China 24.8%, France 10.3%, Bahrain 5.6%, India 5.5%, Kuwait 4.5%, Mauritius 4.5%, South Africa 4.3% (2015)

    Currency: Ariary and Malagasy Franc (FMG)

    Note: External links will open in a new browser window.
     

    Official Sites of Madagascar

    Madagascar Government
    Madagascar government portal site.

    Assemblée nationale malgache
    Official site of the Malagasy National Assembly.

    Ministère des Affaires Etrangères de Madagascar
    Madagascar's Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

    Diplomatic Missions
    Permanent Mission of Madagascar to the UN
    Information site of the Permanent Mission.
    Ambassade de Madagascar au Canada
    The Embassy of Madagascar in Canada.
    Représentation de Madagascar en Suisse
    The Madagascar Embassy in Switzerland.
    Madagascar Consulate General
    General Consulate of Madagascar, South Africa.
    Représentation étrangères à Madagascar
    List of Foreign Diplomatic Missions in Antananarivo, Madagascar.
    Malagasy Diplomatic Missions
    List of Malagasy Diplomatic Missions abroad.


    Statistics
    Institut National de la Statistique Malgache
    The National Institute of Statistics.


    Maps

    Map of Madagascar
    Detailed map of Madagascar.
    Google Earth Google Map Madagascar
    Searchable map/satellite view of Madagascar.
    Google Earth Google Map Antananarivo
    Searchable map/satellite view of Madagascar's capital city.

    Small Map of Madagascar
    Indian Ocean Map
    Political map of the West Indian Ocean.

    Political Map of Africa
    The 54 countries of Africa.
    Map of Africa
    A Relief Map of Africa.


    Baobab trees, Madagascar
    Madagascar's grassy plains which dominate the western landscape are dotted with patches of deciduous forest, and baobab trees, while the south is characterized by desert and spiny forests.
    Image: Frank Vassen

     

    News


    La Gazette de la Grande Ile
    Antananarivo daily (in French and Malagasy)
    L'Express de Madagascar
    Comprehensive Madagascar News (in French and Malagasy)
    Madagascar Tribune
    Madagascar News (in French and Malagasy)
    Midi Madagasikara
    Regional News (in French and Malagasy)
    Mad'Online
    Online magazine specialized on Madagascar, most articles are reserved to registered users. (English, French, Italian)

    IRIN News: Madagascar
    News on relief, development, social, economic and political affairs.
     

    Bookmark/share this page
    Instagram

    Arts & Culture


    Links to Malagasy music
    Artists, lyrics, bibliographies and discographies of Malagasy musicians.
     

     

    Business & Economy


    Chambre de Commerce, d'Industrie, d'Artisanat et d'Agriculture
    Chamber of Commerce, Industry, Craft, and Agriculture.

    Transportation
    Airline
    Air Madagascar
    With information about the Airline and Madagascar.

    Railroad
    Fianarantsoa Cote Est
    The FCE train line links the highland city of Fianarantsoa with the east coast town of Manakara.
     

     
    Lokoho River in Marojejy National Park, Madagascar
    Lokoho River in Marojejy National Park with Marojejy Massif in background.
    Image: Eric Mathieu


    Travel and Tour Consumer Information


    Destination Madagascar - Travel and Tour Guides


    Discover Madagascar: accommodation, attractions, festivals, events, tours and much more.

    Office Maison du Tourisme de Madagascar MTM
    The official site of Madagascar Tourism, provides travel and tourism information.

    Explore Madagascar!
    A country guide made by Air Madagascar.

    Guide de Madagascar
    Site pour les voyageurs atravel guid to Madagascar. (in French)

    Madagascar
    A guide to Madagascar and its unique and diverse species of wildlife.


    Antananarivo
    Antananarivo
    Official site of the city of Antananarivo, Madagascar's capital (in French and Malagasy).
     

     

    Education


    Université d'Antananarivo
    The autonomous University of Madagascar is the primary public university of Madagascar.
    Université de Fianarantsoa
    The University of Fianarantsoa.
     

     
    Diadeemsifaka in Andasibe-Mantadia National Park
    Diademed sifaka in Andasibe-Mantadia National Park, a protected rainforest area in eastern Madagascar.
    Image: Heinonlein

    Environment & Nature


    Parcs Nationaux et Réserves Naturelles de Madagascar
    Official site of Madagascar's National Parks (in French)
    Madagascar Wildlife Conservation (MWC)
    A Malagasy non-profit association, which organises and pursues various conservation projects in Madagascar.
    MBG: Madagascar Biodiversity and Conservation
    David Parks and Larry Barnes Madagascar site - A photographic tour of Madagascar.
    Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew: Science and Horticulture: Madagascar
    The focus of RBG Kew's programme in Madagascar has centered on conservation and sustainable utilisation of Madagascar's plant diversity.
     
    Baobabs of Madagascar
    Baobabs, the sacred trees of Madagascar

    History


    About Madagascar
    History, Culture, Cuisine and Language of Madagascar.
    History of Madagascar
    Wikipedia article on Madagascar's history.

     

     

    Sources and additional Information on Madagascar


    African Studies: Madagascar

    Africa South of the Sahara: Madagascar
    Karen Fung's collection of Madagascar related resources.

    Amnesty International: Madagascar

    BBC Country Profile: Madagascar

    FAO: Madagascar

    GlobalEDGE: Madagascar

    The Heritage Foundation: Madagascar

    Human Rights Watch: Madagascar

    OEC: Madagascar

    Reporters Without Borders: Madagascar

    Wikipedia: Madagascar

    The World Factbook -- Madagascar
     

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