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    ___ Nepal

    Himalaya panorama from Mera Peak (Nepal)
    Himalaya mountain range, view from summit of Mera Peak in Nepal's Sagarmatha Zone. Mount Everest, Lhotse and Lhotse Shar (hidden by clouds, left), Peak 41 in center with Baruntse behind; Makalu (8,485 m) and Mount Chamlang (7321 m) to the right.
    Image: Andrew Grandison

    Nepalese Flag
    Flag of Nepal
    Location map of Nepal. Where in Asia is Nepal?
    Location map of Nepal
    Destination Nepal, a virtual guide to the former Kingdom in the Himalayas between India and China. Officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal, a landlocked country in South Asia bordered by the Indian states of Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and Sikkim, and in north by Tibet.

    The country along the southern slopes of the Himalayan mountain range is host to eight of the 10 highest peaks in the world, including Mount Everest, Lhotse, Makalu, and Kanchenjunga (on the border to Sikkim).

    With an area of 147,181 km2 Nepal is slightly larger than 1.5 times the size of Portugal, or slightly larger than the U.S. state of Arkansas.

    Nepal has a population 31 million (2016 est.). Largest city and national capital is Kathmandu.

    Spoken languages: about half of the population speaks the official language Nepali, the rest is using one of the several other Tibeto-Burman languages.




    Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal | Sanghiya Loktāntrik Ganatantra Nepāl


    Country Profile



    Background:
    Nepal, the landlocked multiethnic, multilingual, multi-religious country, is situated north of India in the Himalayas, in the region where, about 40 to 50 million years ago, the Indian subcontinent has crashed into Asia. Because of that accident, Nepal has some of the world's highest mountains including Sagarmatha (Mt. Everest, 8848m, which it shares with Tibet (by now a province of China). The highest mountain on Earth is towering above populated valleys and forested plains.
    Somewhere here in the Kapilavastu district, there is a place called Lumbini where in about 500 B.C.E. Queen Mayadevi is said to have given birth to Siddhartha Gautama, better known as Buddha.

    Nepal can be divided broadly into three ecological zones: the lowland, the midland and the highland.
    The altitude of the Himalayan Region (the highland) ranges between 4877 m - 8848 m, It includes 8 of the highest 14 summits in the world, which exceed altitude of 8000 meters including Mount Everest.

    The mountain region accounts for about 64 percent of total land area, which is formed by the Mahabharat range that soars up to 4877 m and the lower Churia range.
    The lowland Terai, the flat river plain of the Ganges with a belt of marshy grasslands, savannas, and forests, occupies about 17 percent of the total land area of the country.

    border countries: China (Tibet Autonomous Region (Xizang), India

    other countries close to Nepal: Bhutan, Bangladesh
     
     

    Official Name:
    Sanghiya Loktāntrik Ganatantra Nepāl
    Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal
    short form: Nepal
    formerly: Kingdom of Nepal (Nepal Adhirajya)

    ISO Country Code: np

    Time:
    Local Time = UTC + 5:45h
    Actual Time: Thu-Nov-12  19:42

    Country Calling Code: +977

    Capital City: Kathmandu (pop 1.5 million)

    Other Cities:
    Biratnagar, Patan, Pokhara, Birganj, Dharan, Nepalganj.

    Government:
    Type: Republic

    Geography:
    Location: Southern Asia, between China and India
    Area: 147,181 km² (56,826 sq.mi.)
    Terrain: Tarai or flat river plain of the Ganges in south, central hill region, rugged Himalayas in north.

    Climate: The climate in Nepal varies with elevation, tropical in the lower southern part Tarai, mid-hills alpine and the high mountains polar; elevation ranges from 90 to 8848 meters.

    People:
    Nationality: noun: Nepalese (singular and plural), adjective: Nepalese or Nepali.
    Population: 31 million (2016)
    Refugee Population: Bhutanese (94 000), Tibetans (20 000 approx.)
    Ethnic Groups: sixty ethnic groups, major groups are Sherpas, Kirats or Limbus, Rais, Magars, Newars, Tamangs, Gurungs, the Bahuns and Chhetries and the Tharus the inhabitants of the Tarai.
    Religions: Hinduism (predominant 86%), Buddhism 8%, Tibetan Lamaism (Bon)
    Languages: Nepali (official and lingua franca of the country), sixty ethnic groups, who speak seventy different dialects and eleven major languages like Tibeto-Burman, Lhotsamkha, Nepalbhasa, Tamang languages.
    Literacy: 40%

    Natural resources: Quartz, water, timber, hydropower, scenic beauty, small deposits of lignite, copper, cobalt, iron ore.

    Agriculture products: Rice, corn, wheat, sugarcane, root crops; milk, water buffalo meat.

    Industries: Tourism, carpet, textile; small rice, jute, sugar, and oilseed mills; cigarette; cement and brick production.

    Exports - commodities: clothing, pulses, carpets, textiles, juice, jute goods

    Exports - partners: India 61.3%, USA 9.4% (2015)

    Imports - commodities: petroleum products, machinery and equipment, gold, electrical goods, medicine

    Imports - partners: India 61.5%, China 15.4% (2015)

    Currency: Nepalese Rupee (NPR)

    (Source: Nepal Embassy and others)

    Nepal in Figures
    Nepal key statistical data.

    Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

    Official Sites of Nepal

    Office of The Prime Minister and Council of Ministers
    Official website of Nepal's Prime Minister and the Council of Ministers.

    Ministry of Foreign Affairs
    Responsible for the foreign policy of the kingdom of Nepal.
    Institute of Foreign Affairs (IFA)
    IFA was founded in 1993 as an integral part of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs; the dissemination of information on foreign policy related issues is another major responsibility of the Institute.

    Diplomatic Missions
    The Permanent Mission of the Kingdom of Nepal to the UN
    Nepal's representation to the United Nations.
    Nepal Embassy in the US
    The site provides also comprehensive information on Nepal.
    Nepal Embassy in the UK
    Embassy of Nepal in the United Kingdom.
    Nepal Missions
    Nepalese Missions world wide.
    Foreign Missions in Nepal
    Address list of foreign Missions in Kathmandu.

    Statistics
    Central Bureau of Statistics of Nepal
    Nepal in figures.

    Weather
    Department of Hydrology and Meteorology
    Weather information for Nepal.


    Nepal Maps

    profile Map of Nepal
    Political Map of Nepal.
    Google Earth Google Earth Nepal
    Searchable map and satellite view of Nepal.
    Google Earth Google Earth Kathmandu
    Searchable map and satellite view of Nepal's capital city.
    Google Earth Google Earth Mount Everest
    Satellite view and map of Mt. Everest region.

    Map of Southeast Asia
    Map of the Southeast Asia region.
    profile Map of Asia
    Reference Map of Asia.

    Lumbini, Gautama Buddha's birthplace
    A rainy day in Lumbini, the place where, according to Buddhist tradition, in 563 BCE Queen Maya devi gave birth to Siddhartha Gautama, who later became the Gautama Buddha.
    Image: Bijaya Kumar Shrestha

     

    News


    __Nepal News

    Online News
    Info Nepal
    News from Nepal.
    Kantipur Online
    Part of the democratic media of Nepal.
    The Kathmandu Post
    News from Nepal as it happens.
    Nepali Times
    Weekly updated news.

    Nepal News
    Online news.

    Rastriya Samachar Samiti (RSS)
    National News Agency.

    __Magazines

    Cyber Nepal
    First Nepal Internet Magazine.

    Radio Stations
    Hits FM 100
    Kathmandu Radio Station.
    Radio Nepal
    National radio station.

    International News Sources
    BBC News Country Profile: Nepal
    With links to Nepal related news and background information.
    Reuters AlertNet - Nepal peace
    Reuters news.
    Yahoo! News Full Coverage-Nepal
    Press agencies news on Nepal

    Human Rights
    Amnesty International: Nepal
    Amnesty International Reports.
    Human Rights Watch: Nepal
    Background Briefings.
    IRINnews Nepal
    UN humanitarian news and analysis.

    Press freedom
    Reporters sans frontières - Nepal
    Annual report 2007 about Press freedom in the country.
     

    Bookmark/share this page
    Instagram

    Arts & Culture


    Buddhism, Nepal, and its Sacred History
    Sculptures, shrines and stupas.

    Nepali Calendar (Bikram Sambat)
    Events and Festivals, Nepal follows a different calendar system, according to this system, 2001-2002 is Bikram Sambat 2058.

    Nepal National Library
    Has collections of books, journals and other materials in Nepali, English, Sanskrit and Hindi.


    Ethnic Groups

    Newar people
    Wikipedia article about the culture of the Newars one of the ethnic groups of Nepal.

    Sherwa mi
    Website on the Sherpas (Sherwa) of Nepal.
     
    14th century Boudhanath Stupa, Kathmandu
    14th century Boudhanath Stupa, Kathmandu.
    Image: maqroll

    Business & Economy


    Nepal Rastra Bank
    Central Bank of Nepal

    Nepal Stock Exchange

    Federation of Nepalese Chambers of Commerce & Industry
    Trade Promotion Center
    Provides trade information for Nepal.


    __Transportation

    Airlines

    Nepal Airlines
    The flag carrier airline of Nepal serves domestic and international destinations in Asia.

    Gorkha Airlines
    Gorkha operates scheduled and charter flights to domestic destinations.
    Sita Air
    Domestic cargo flights.
    Tara Air
    Newest and biggest airline service provider in the Nepalese mountains.
    Yeti Airlines
    Regional airline.
     
     
    Durbar Square in Kathmandu
    Durbar Square in front of the old royal palace in Kathmandu in 2012. Many buildings in the city collapsed or have been damaged by the earthquake on 25 April 2015, which killed thousands of people, flattened villages and reduced numerous heritage sites to ruin.
    Image: Sundar1


    Travel and Tour Consumer Information


    Destination Nepal - Country Guides

    Discover Nepal: Kathmandu, Dhulikhel, Chomolungma, Everest,
    accommodation, attractions, festivals, events, tourist boards, Himalaya, mountaineering, paragliding, rafting, hiking, climbing, trekking, jungle adventure tours and much more.

    Nepal Tourism Board
    Information on Nepal.
    Kathmandu
    Kathmandu Metropolitan City.

     Nepal Home Page
    Frontdoor to Nepalese news, information, travel guide, economy, society, politics.
    Nepal Travel and Tourism information
    A very comprehensive guide for all things Nepal.
    visitnepal.com
    More Nepal travel information.
    Lonely Planet Nepal
    The backpackers bible-guide to Nepal.

    Do's and Don'ts in Nepal

    Some DOs & DON'Ts.

    Trekking
    Nepal Mountaineering Association
    National alpine association of Nepal.
    Trekking Agents Associations of Nepal
    Official list of trekking agencies.
     
    Nepal, Chomolungma - Mount Everest with Nuptse and Lhotse
    Mount Everest with Nuptse and Lhotse.
    Image: Wang Lama Humla


    Swayambhunath Stupa, Kathmandu
    Ancient Swayambhu Maha Chaitya, Kathmandu.
    Image: Quadcopter
    Kathmandu University High School, Panauti, Nepal
    Kathmandu University High School in the historical city of Panauti, Nepal.
    Image: Dr. Ram Kantha Shrestha

    Education


    Kathmandu University
    Nepal's National University is an autonomous non-government, public institution, in Dhulikhel, Kavrepalanchok district.
    Rangjung Yeshe Institute
    Centre for Buddhist Studies at Rangjung Yeshe Institute.
    Kathmandu University School of Management (KUSOM)
    School of Management is a management development institute under the Kathmandu University.
     
     
    Bagmati River, Kathmandu  Bagmati River in 2009
    Bagmati River in the 1950s, and in 2009, Kathmandu.

    Today the Bagmati river is in great peril. As a result of industrialization, urbanization and poor planning, the river faces serious environmental and ecological challenges. Large amounts of water are withdrawn upstream and the quality of the remaining water is very poor. Untreated sewage, household waste and hazardous chemicals are dumped into the river indiscriminately. The state of the river is further aggravated by uncontrolled sand mining, as well as construction of houses, factories and slum settlements.

    Images: Toni Hagen (left) and Alex Treadway (right)

    Environment & Nature

    National Trust for Nature Conservation
    The National Trust for Nature Conservation (NTNC), previously known as the King Mahendra Trust for Nature Conservation was established in 1982 by a Legislative Act as an autonomous, not-for-profit and non-?government organization, mandated to work in the field of nature conservation in Nepal.


    UNDP in Nepal
    UNDP Nepal site with information about various UNDP programs in Nepal.
     
    Dolpa
    Mountain District of Dolpa
    © Nepal Tourism Board

    History


    The nation-state of Nepal was the creation of King Prithvi Narayan Shah. The ruler of the small principality of Gorkha, campaigned to unite the various kingdoms that dotted the geographical area defined by modern Nepal. The conquest of Kathmandu Valley, which took a total of ten years of planning, siege and diplomacy, was the highlight of his conquests (1769). The work begun by King Prithvi Narayan was continued by his descendants. At the greatest extent the Nepali (then known as the Gorkhali) Empire covered an area that was at least a third more than its present confines.

    Nepal, the nation-state of dismissed governments.
    Nepal, the world's only Hindu monarchy, was controlled by a hereditary prime ministership until 1951. The nation's first election was held in 1959, but in 1960, King Mahendra dismissed the cabinet, dissolved parliament, and banned political parties.
    A 1962 constitution created a nonparty panchayat (council) system of government.
    After a 1980 referendum approved a modified version of the panchayat system, direct parliamentary elections were held in 1981.
    A dispute with India led to India's closing of most border crossings from March 1989 to July 1990, and the resultant economic crisis fueled demands for political reform. After months of violence, King Birendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev dissolved parliament. The opposition formed an interim government in April 1990, and a new constitution creating a constitutional monarchy and a bicameral legislature became effective on 9 Nov. 1990. Multiparty legislative elections held in May 1991 were won by the centrist Nepali Congress party; the Communists became the leading opposition party.
    Mid-term elections in November 1994, which were called after the government lost a parliamentary vote, resulted in a hung parliament and the communists, who emerged as the single largest party, formed a minority government.

    In January 2005 Nepal's King Gyanendra sacked Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuba, dismissed the country's government, assumed power himself and declared a state of emergency.

    King Gyanendra's direct rule ended under public pressure in April 2006, the monarchy was abolished in May 2008 and a Maoist-dominated government took office in August
    (Source: Grolier's Encyclopedia and other sources)

    History of Nepal
    From the time of the Aheer until today Nepal, brief Nepalese history by the Royal Nepal Embassy.
    History
    From Ancient to Modern Nepal.
    A Brief History of Nepal
    A chronology of important events.
    ??The Shah Kings of Nepal
    Biography of the Nepal Kings.
     
    Tempel Area

    Issues Nepal


    Democratic Movement
    NepalDemocracy.org
    Provides information on Nepali politics, government and civil society.

    Nepali Maoists
    The People's War in Nepal
    Revolutionary Worker Online with Maoist Rebels' View of The People's War in Nepal.


     
     

    Search

    The Nepal Home Page Directory
    Part of InfoNepal.


    Sources and additional Information on Nepal


    Amnesty International: Nepal

    BBC Country Profile: Nepal

    FAO: Nepal

    GlobalEDGE: Nepal

    The Heritage Foundation: Nepal

    Human Rights Watch: Nepal

    OEC: Nepal

    Reporters Without Borders: Nepal

    Wikipedia: Nepal

    The World Factbook -- Nepal
     
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