<xmp id="yyyqy">
  • <xmp id="yyyqy"><menu id="yyyqy"></menu>
    <menu id="yyyqy"><tt id="yyyqy"></tt></menu>
     

    One World
    Nations Online

    Panama Flag detail
    Home Earth Continents The Americas Panama


     
    Panorama of Remedios and Tolé Districts in Chiriquí Province
    Panoramic view of the mangroves of Remedios and Tolé Districts in Chiriquí Province.
    Image: Dr. Ariel Rodríguez-Vargas
     

    ___ Panama

    Panama Flag
    Flag of Panama
    Location map of Panema. Where in Central America is Panama?
    Location map of Panema

    A virtual guide to Panama, a country in Central America on the Isthmus of Panama, the landbridge between the Caribbean Sea and the Pacific Ocean that connects North and South America. Panama is bordered by Colombia and Costa Rica.


    The country is best known for the Panama Canal, a man-made waterway, opened in 1914. The canal cuts through the country, linking the Caribbean Sea (Atlantic) with the Pacific Ocean. The canal is owned and administered by the Republic of Panama, it is one of the two most-strategic artificial waterways in the world (the other is the Suez Canal in Egypt). Until 1999 the Panama Canal was controlled by the United States.

    Panama occupies an area of 74,177 km2, making it slightly larger than the Republic of Ireland or slightly smaller than the U.S. state of South Carolina.

    Panama's landscape is mostly montainous, covered by rainforest and jungle. The highest point in Panama is Volcán Barú, an active stratovolcano with an elevation of 3,475 m (11,460 feet) is located in west, close to the border with Costa Rica.

    Panama has a population of about 4 million people (in 2017); capital and largest city is Panama City; official language is Spanish.



    Republic of Panama | República de Panamá


    Country Profile



    Background:
    With US backing, Panama seceded from Colombia in 1903 and promptly signed a treaty with the US allowing for the construction of a canal and US sovereignty over a strip of land on either side of the structure (the Panama Canal Zone). The Panama Canal was built by the US Army Corps of Engineers between 1904 and 1914.

    On 7 September 1977, an agreement was signed for the complete transfer of the Canal from the US to Panama by the end of 1999. Certain portions of the Zone and increasing responsibility over the Canal were turned over in the intervening years. With US help, dictator Manuel NORIEGA was deposed in 1989. The entire Panama Canal, the area supporting the Canal, and remaining US military bases were turned over to Panama by or on 31 December 1999.
    (Source: CIA - The World Factbook)

    related countries: United States, Spain
     
     

    Official Name:
    República de Panamá
    short form: Panamá
    int'l long form: Republic of Panama
    int'l short form: Panama

    ISO Country Code: pa, PAN

    Time:
    Local Time = UTC -5h
    Actual Time: Sun-Nov-8  18:36

    Country Calling Code: +507

    Capital City: Panama City (830 000)

    Other Cities:
    Colon (140 000), David (100 000).

    Government:
    Type: Constitutional democracy.
    Independence: 3 November 1903 (from Colombia).
    Constitution: 11 October 1972; amended 1983 and 1994 and reformed in 2004.

    Geography:
    Location: Central America, bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the North Pacific Ocean, between Colombia and Costa Rica. Panama occupies the southeastern end of the isthmus forming the land bridge between North and South America.
    Area: 74,177 km2 (28,640 sq. mi.)
    Terrain: Mountainous (highest elevation Cerro Volcan, 3,475 m.--11,468 ft.), upland plains; coastal areas.

    Climate: tropical maritime; hot, humid, cloudy; prolonged rainy season, short dry season (January to May)

    People:
    Nationality: Panamanian(s).
    Population: 3.97 million (2015)
    Annual growth rate: 1.31%.
    Ethnic groups: Mestizo (mixed Amerindian and European ancestry) 70%, Amerindian and mixed (West Indian) 14%, Caucasian 10%, Amerindian 6%.
    Religions: Roman Catholic 84%, Protestant 15%, other.
    Languages: Spanish (official); 14% speak English as their native tongue; various indigenous languages. Many Panamanians are bilingual.
    Literacy: 93%

    Natural resources: Copper, mahogany forests, shrimp, hydropower.

    Agriculture products: Bananas, rice, corn, coffee, sugarcane, vegetables; livestock; shrimp.

    Industries: Construction, brewing, cement and other construction materials, sugar milling

    Exports - commodities: copper, gold, lead, zinc, tin, iron ore, molybdenum, silver; crude petroleum and petroleum products, natural gas; coffee, asparagus and other vegetables, fruit, apparel and textiles, fishmeal, fish, chemicals, fabricated metal products and machinery, alloys

    Exports partners: China 22.1%, USA 15.2%, Switzerland 8.1%, Canada 7% (2015)

    Imports - commodities: petroleum and petroleum products, chemicals, plastics, machinery, vehicles, TV sets, power shovels, front-end loaders, telephones and telecommunication equipment, iron and steel, wheat, corn, soybean products, paper, cotton, vaccines and medicines

    Imports partners: China 22.7%, USA 20.7%, Brazil 5.1%, Mexico 4.5% (2015)

    Currency: Balboa (PAB); US Dollar (USD)

    Panama City skyline
    Panama City skyline.
    Image: Ron Reiring


    Political system
    Panama is a constitutional democracy and a presidential representative republic with a multi-party system. Head of state and head of government is the president.
    Executive power is exercised by the government. The National Assembly is main legislative body of Panama. The judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature, the magistrates of the Supreme Court of Justice are appointed by the president.

    To understand the politics of Panama one may consider the fact that elite families of European descent control most of Panama's wealth and power, while about 33% of the population live below the poverty line.


    Official Sites of Panama

    Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

    Presidencia de la República de Panamá
    Presidency of the Republic Panama (in Spanish).

    Asamblea Legislativa de Panamá
    Legislative Assembly of Panama (in Spanish).


    Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores
    Ministry of External Relations (in Spanish).

    Diplomatic Missions
    Embajada de Panamá
    Panama Embassy at Peru (in Spanish).
    Panama's Diplomatic Missions Abroad
    Address list of Panama's Diplomatic Missions Abroad.


    Maps

    Map of Panama
    Political Map of Panama.
    Administrative Map of Panama
    Detailed map showing also the administrative divisions of Panama.

    Google Earth Google Earth Panama
    Searchable map and satellite view of Panama.
    Google Earth Google Earth Panama City
    Searchable map and satellite view of Panama's capital city.
    Google Earth Google Earth Panama Canal
    Searchable map and satellite view of the Panama Canal.

    Map of Central America and the Caribbean
    Reference Map of Central America and the Caribbean. 




    News


    El Panamá América
    National and international news (Spanish)

    El Siglo
    National news (Spanish)

    La Prensa
    National news (Spanish)

     

    Bookmark/share this page
    Instagram

    Arts & Culture


    Arte y Cultura en Panamá
    About Panama's art and culture (in Spanish).

    Biblioteca Nacional de Panamá
    The National Library of Panama (in Spanish).
    Museo de Arte Contemporáneo - Panamá
    Modern Art Museum (in Spanish).
    Patronato Panamá Viejo
    Old Panama City Museum (in Spanish).

    Carlos Fuentes
    Wikipedia article about the Panama born writer, famous for novels like: 'Terra Nostra ' and 'The Crystal Frontier'.
     

    Pacific Side Entrance of the Panama Canal with the Bridge of the Americas
    Pacific Side Entrance of the Panama Canal. In the foreground part of Panama city is visible together with the Bridge of the Americas. In the background (right) the Miraflores Locks. 
    Image: camilo molina

    Business & Economy


    Bolsa de Valores de Panamá
    The Panama Stock Exchange.

    American Chamber of Commerce and Industry of Panama
    The official site of the American Chamber of Commerce and Industry.

    Camara de Comercio e Industrias
    Panama Chamber of Commerce and Industry.

    Conventions & Visitors Bureau
    Conventions & Visitors Bureau of Panama.

    Fundación Libertad Panama
    Non-profit organisation promoting classical economic liberalism.


    Transportation
    Aeroperlas
    Domestic carrier.
    Copa Air
    Copa Airlines offers flights throughout the United States and Central America.

    Panama Canal
    The Panama Canal Website.
     
     
    Isla las Perlas, Pearl Islands, Panama
    Isla las Perlas, the Pearl Islands are an archipelago of about 200 or more islands and islets about 30 miles off the Pacific coast of Panama.
    Image: Gaspar Serrano

    Travel and Tour Consumer Information


    Destination Panama - Travel and Tour Guidbes


    Discover Panama: Provinces, Islands and Beaches, The Panama Canal, The Rainforest, Bocas del Toro, Costa Arriba, Colón and the Free Zone, Chiriquí, El Valle, Panama City, Perlas Islands, San Blas, Taboga.

    Find accommodation, hotels, attractions, festivals, events, tourist boards, biking, hiking, climbing, cruising, diving, tours and much more.

    Instituto Panameño de Turismo
    Panama Tourist Board official site about tourism in Panama (in Spanish).

    Visit Panama
    Extensive travel and tourism information on Panama by the Panama Tourims Bureau.

    Panama Tours
    A Virtual Tourism Center.

    Panama Canal
    Panama Canal
    The Panama Canal Website.
    Panama Canal Museum
    Preserving the American Era of the Panama Canal.

    Cities
    Panama (City)
    The Municipality of Panama.

    Volcán Barú and the mountain city of Boquete
    Volcán Barú and the mountain city of Boquete. The active stratovolcano with an elevation of 3,475 m (11,460 feet) is Panama's highest mountain.
    Image: Alex Proimos
     
     

    Education


    Universidad del Istmo
    The university was founded in 1987 in Panama City, it has its main headquarters in Panama City and regional headquarters in David, La Chorrera, Los Pueblos, Santiago, Colón, Chitré, Penonomé, and Changuinola.
    Universidad Latina
    The Latin University of Panama is a private university in Panama City.
    Universidad de Panamá
    The University of Panama, popularly known as 'La Nacional', is a state university and one of the main universities in Panama with institutions all over the country.
    Universidad Santa Maria La Antigua
    Private university in Panama City.
     
     

    Environment & Nature


    Bocas del Toro Biological Station
    Institute for Tropical Ecology and Conservation
    Fundación Albatros
    Marine life documentation.
    Herps of Panama
    An attempt to create a species list of the herpetofauna of Panama.
     
     

    History


    Panamá 500 años de Historia
    500 years of Panama's history (in Spanish).

    History of Panama
    Wikipedia: History of Panama.
     
     

    Sources and additional Information on Panama


    Amnesty International: Panama

    BBC News Country Profile: Panama

    FAO: Panama

    GlobalEDGE: Panama

    The Heritage Foundation: Panama

    Human Rights Watch: Panama


    OEC: Panama

    Reporters Without Borders: Panama

    Wikipedia: Panama

    The World Factbook --Panama
     
     Support UNICEF

    Other countries of Middle and Central America:
    Belize | Costa Rica | El Salvador | Guatemala | Honduras | Mexico | Nicaragua

    Major Cities in Middle and Central America:
    Belmopan, Guatemala City, Managua, Mexico City, Panama City, San José, San Salvador, Tegucigalpa

    Countries of South America:
    Argentina | Bolivia | Brazil | Chile | Colombia | Ecuador | French Guiana
    Guyana | Paraguay | Peru | Uruguay | Suriname | Venezuela
     
     
    up
    二四六天天好彩(944cc)246天