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    ___ Papua New Guinea

    Mount Tavurvur on the island of New Britain
    Mount Tavurvur, an active stratovolcano, it is one of the many sub-vents of the Rabaul caldera on the island of New Britain in Papua New Guinea.
    Image: Taro Taylor
     
    Papua New Guinea Flag
    Flag of Papua New Guinea
    Location map of Papua New Guinea. Where in Oceania is Papua New Guinea?
    Location map of Papua New Guinea

    A virtual guide to Papua New Guinea (PNG), a group of islands and an idependent state in Maritime Southeast Asia. Its mainland on the island of New Guinea is bordered by Indonesia. Papua New Guinea shares maritime borders with Australia, the Federated States of Micronesia, the Solomon Islands, and New Caledonia (France). Major islands are New Britain, Latangai, Bougainville,

    PNG covers a land area of 462,840?km2 (178,703 sq. mi.), this is somewhat smaller than Spain, or slightly larger than California.

    Most of the population of over 7.2 million people (2012) live in communities that are as diverse as their languages. Papua New Guinea is one of the most culturally diverse countries in the world with more than 800 native languages of which 12 have no living speakers. Main spoken languages are English (official) and Tok Pisin (an English-based Creole). Capital and largest city is Port Moresby.



    Papuaniugini - Independent State of Papua New Guinea


    Country Profile



    Background:
    The eastern half of the island of New Guinea - second largest in the world - was divided between Germany (north) and the UK (south) in 1885. The latter area was transferred to Australia in 1902, which occupied the northern portion during World War I and continued to administer the combined areas until independence in 1975. A nine-year secessionist revolt on the island of Bougainville ended in 1997, after claiming some 20,000 lives.


    related countries: Australia, Germany, United Kingdom

     

    Official Name:
    Papuaniugini
    short form: Papua New Guinea
    int'l long form: Independent State of Papua New Guinea
    int'l short form: Papua New Guinea
    former: Territory of Papua and New Guinea
    abbr.: PNG

    ISO Country Code: pg, PNG

    Time:
    Local Time = UTC +10h
    Actual Time: Sun-Nov-8  07:51

    Country Calling Code: +675

    Capital City: Port Moresby (pop. 350 000)

    Other Cities: Lae (78 000), Mt. Hagen (28 000).


    Government:
    Type: Constitutional monarchy with parliamentary democracy.
    Independence: 16 September 1975 (from the Australian-administered UN trusteeship)
    Constitution: September 16, 1975.

    Geography:
    Location: Oceania, Group of islands including the eastern half of the island of New Guinea between the Coral Sea and the South Pacific Ocean, east of Indonesia.
    Area: 462,840 km2 (178,703 sq. mi.)
    Terrain: Mostly mountains with coastal lowlands and rolling foothills. The majority of the people live in fertile highlands valleys that were unknown to the outside world until the 1930s, but that supported agriculture some 10,000 years ago, possibly before agriculture was developed elsewhere.
    Highest point: Mount Wilhelm 4 509 m

    Climate: Tropical. NW monsoon, Dec-Mar. SE monsoon, May-Oct.

    People:
    Nationality: Papua New Guinean(s)
    Population: 7,2 million (2012)
    Ethnic Groups: Melanesian, Papuan, Negrito, Micronesian, Polynesian
    Religions: Christians 66%, indigenous beliefs 34%
    Languages: Three official: English, Tok Pisin, and Motu. There are approximately 860 other languages.
    Literacy - total population: 55-60%

    Natural resources: Gold, copper, silver, natural gas, timber, oil, fisheries.

    Agriculture products: Coffee, cocoa, copra, palm kernels, tea, sugar, rubber, sweet potatoes, fruit, vegetables, vanilla; shell fish, poultry, pork.

    Industries: Copra crushing, palm oil processing, plywood production, wood chip production; mining of gold, silver, and copper; crude oil production, petroleum refining; construction, tourism.

    Exports - commodities: oil, gold, copper ore, logs, palm oil, coffee, cocoa, crayfish, prawns

    Exports partners: Japan 17.4%, Australia 15.9%, China 12.1% (2015)

    Imports - commodities: machinery and transport equipment, manufactured goods, food, fuels, chemicals

    Imports partners: Australia 25.9%, China 20%, Singapore 12.6%, Malaysia 7.2%, USA 4.2%, Indonesia 4.1%, South Korea 4% (2015)

    Currency: Kina (PGK)
     
    The National Parliament of Papua New Guinea is located in Port Moresby.
    The National Parliament of Papua New Guinea is located in Port Moresby.
    Image: Drew Douglas

    Political system
    The Independent State of Papua New Guinea is a constitutional monarchy and a Commonwealth realm with a parliamentary democracy.
    Chief of state is the monarch of the United Kingdom, represented by a governor-general who is nominated by parliament. Head of government is the prime minister. The prime minister is appointed and dismissed by the governor-general on the proposal of parliament.
    There are three levels of government - national, provincial and local. Its National Parliament is a unicameral legislature elected for five-year terms, but it is characterized by weak political parties and highly unstable parliamentary coalitions. The judicial system is based on the British model, with a network of district courts.


    Official Sites of Papua New Guinea

    Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

    Government of Papua New Guinea

    The Official Entry Point to the Government of Papua New Guinea.

    Prime Minister's Office of Papua New Guinea
    Sir Mekere Morauta's Office.

    The National Parliament of Papua New Guinea

    Office of Information and Communication


    Diplomatic Missions
    Embassy of Papua New Guinea
    Papuas in America.

    Statistics
    National Statistical Office of Papua New Guinea
    Papua New Guinea in figures.

    Intergovernmental organizations
    Pacific Islands Forum
    Inter-governmental organization for the cooperation between the countries of the Pacific Ocean.
    Secretariat of the Pacific Community (SPC)
    Intergovernmental organization of the Pacific islands.


    Maps

    profile Map of Papua New Guinea
    Political Map of Papua New Guinea.

    Google Earth Google Earth Papua New Guinea
    Searchable map and satellite view of Papua New Guinea.
    Google Earth Google Earth Port Moresby
    Searchable map and satellite view of Papua New Guinea's capital city.

    Map of Melanesia
    Map of the Island States of Melanesia.
    profile Map of Oceania and the Pacific Islands
    Reference map of Australia and the Pacific.




     

    News


    The National
    Papua New Guinea daily.
    The Post-Courier
    National news, Port Moresby.

    TV
    HiTRON
    A private satellite/cable tv broadcaster.

    International News Sources
    BBC News Country Profile: Papua New Guinea
    With links to PNG related news and background information.

    Search Google for News from Papua New Guinea

     

    Bookmark/share this page
    Instagram

    Tribal dancers, Goroka, Eastern Highlands, Papua New Guinea
    Tribal dancers, Goroka, Eastern Highlands, Papua New Guinea.
    Image: Anselmo Lastra

    Arts & Culture


    Artifacts and Crafts of Papua New Guinea
    About the world of "primitive" art Papua New Guinea.

    Music Archive for Papua New Guinea
    Information on the uses of PNG traditional music in ritual.

    Papua New Guinea Gossip Newsletter
    An open forum, intended for ALL people interested in Papua New Guinea.
     
    Papua Mt Hagen Female Dancer
    Female Dancer at Mt Hagen Cultural Show. Mount Hagen is the third largest city in Papua New Guinea.
    Image: Waywuwei

    Business & Economy

    Much of the population of Papua New Guinea relies on subsistence farming. The country has a mixed economy in which a lack of a market economy has resulted in state monopolies in some sectors of the economy.
    Papua New Guinea sits atop vast, untapped reserves of almost 155 billion cubic meters of natural gas, providing for a huge export opportunity for the country, its liquefied natural gas (LNG) project is the largest resource extraction project in the Asia-Pacific region.


    Bank of Papua New Guinea
    The central bank of Papua New Guinea.

    Bank of South Pacific
    BSP is the largest bank in PNG.

    Port Moresby Stock Exchange
    POMSoX is the principal stock exchange of Papua New Guinea.

    Papua New Guinea Business Resources
    A searchable database of companies arranged by service categories

    __ Transportation
    Transport in Papua New Guinea is heavily limited by the country's mountainous terrain. Lae, the capital of Morobe Province and the second-largest city in Papua New Guinea is the largest cargo port of the country and is the industrial hub of PNG. At Lae is the start of the Highlands Highway, the main land transport corridor between the Highlands region and the coast.

    __Air
    Air travel is the most important form of transport for human and freight.
    Even today the two largest cities, Port Moresby and Lae, are only directly connected by planes (or boats).

    Airline
    Air Niugini
    The National Airline of Papua New Guinea.

    Jacksons International Airport
    Chief international airport in Papua New Guinea.
     
    20 Kina note
    White Island, Bougainville, Papua New Guinea
    White Island, Autonomous Region of Bougainville.
    Image: Jeremy Weate

    Travel and Tour Consumer Information


    Destination Papua New Guinea - Travel and Tour Guides


    Discover Papua New Guinea: Alotau, Finschhafen, Madang, Port Moresby, Sepik River (longest river), Mount Wilhelm (highest mountain); Tavurvur (active stratovolcano on New Britain); Trobriand Islands, Tufi, Kokoda Trail.

    Papua New Guinea Tourism Promotion Authority
    Official tourism site and a guide to Papua New Guinea.


    web culture Papua New Guinea Online
    First site on Papua New Guinea (PNG) that was developed and is maintained by Papua New Guineans.


     
     

    Education


    University of Papua New Guinea
    Underfunded public university with two major campuses in Port Moresby. Waigani main campus and Taurama Medical Faculty.

    The Papua New Guinea University of Technology
    Unitech is located 9 km north of Lae, capital of the Morobe Province of Papua New Guinea.
     
     
    Papua New Guinea's highlands mountain range
    Papua New Guinea's highlands, the highlands are the central mountain range on the island of Papua.
    Image: eGuide Travel

    Environment & Nature

    Environment Issues:
    Rain forest subject to deforestation as a result of growing commercial demand for tropical timber; pollution from mining projects; severe drought.

    Insect Ecology in New Guinea
    Insect diversity in the rain forests of Papua New Guinea.
    Papua New Guinea Orchid News
    Site about Niugini's Orchids.
    South Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP)
    The Pacific region's major intergovernmental organization charged with protecting and managing the environment and natural resources.
     
     

    History


    Papua New Guinea : History
    Papua New Guinea History - by The Commonwealth.

    Brief History and major events of Papua New Guinea
    by the Embassy of Papua New Guinea.

    History of Papua New Guinea
    Wikipedia page about the history of Papua New Guinea.
     
     

    Sources and additional Information about Papua New Guinea


    Amnesty International: Papua New Guinea

    BBC Country Profile: Papua New Guinea

    Commonwealth, The - Papua New Guinea

    FAO: Papua New Guinea

    GlobalEDGE: Papua New Guinea

    The Heritage Foundation: Papua New Guinea

    Human Rights Watch: Papua New Guinea

    OEC: Papua New Guinea

    Papua New Guinea Virtual Library

    Reporters Without Borders: Papua New Guinea

    UNDP Papua New Guinea
    United Nations Development Programme in PNG.

    Wikipedia: Papua New Guinea

    The World Factbook -- Papua New Guinea


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