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    Home Earth Continents Countries Population Figures for all Countries

    Countries of the World by Population


    A number of people make a  great population.
    People make up the population.
    Image: ? kk nationsonline.org

     
    From the most populated countries to the least populous territories in the world.

    Below you will find the most up-to-date list of population figures by country.
    The list shows the latest population figures for each country with the data source, in most instances provided by the national statistics body.


    Most Populated Countries Least Populated Countries

     

    Most Populous Countries
    The five most populous countries in 2019-2020 are China, India, followed by the European Union (which is not a country), the United States, the island nation of Indonesia, and Pakistan.

    The Smallest Countries
    Among the smallest countries in the world in terms of population are the island nations in the Caribbean and the southern Pacific Ocean (Oceania). The three least populated countries in the world are Vatican City, an enclave in Rome, Monaco, a principality on the Mediterranean coast, an enclave within Southern France, and Nauru, an island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean.


    People make People
    The fertility rate of countries is sometimes stylized as reproductive health.
    In the hit list of countries with the highest birth rates, African nations have taken the Top Twenty. Even more African states crowd the Top Forty; exceptions are Afghanistan (22), Solomon Islands (28), Timor-Leste (38), and the Marshall Islands (40). [1] [2]



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    Countries by Population

    List of countries and territories by population size.

    No.
    Flag
    Country
    Population
    Year
    Region
    Source
      earth symbol Earth at least
    7.79 billion
    2020 Solar System UN estimates
    Population Reference Bureau
      Note:
    All people on Spaceship Earth.
     

     

    Most Populated Countries

    1
    China 1.44
    billion
    2020 Eastern Asia National Bureau of Statistics of China
      Note:
    The "Middle Kingdom" in East Asia is the country with the most inhabitants in the world. 91% of the population are Han Chinese. There are 55 or 56 recognized ethnic groups in China; the largest are the Uyghurs, with about 10 million people, and the Tibetans, with about 3 million people.
     
    2
    India 1.37
    billion
    2020 Southern Asia UN estimate
    Census of India
    Unique Identification Authority of India
      Note:
    The country, also known as Bharat, is the second-most populous country in Asia and the world. There are hundreds of ethnic groups in India; India's Constitution recognizes 22 different languages as official. In Hindu society, the ancient caste system is still at work. The most populous Indian state is Uttar Pradesh, with 200 million inhabitants.
     
    -- earth symbol European Union



    514,700,000


    2020 Europe eurostat
      Note:
    In comparison: The association of 28 European countries has a combined population of more than 514 million people (in 2020). If the EU were a nation-state, it'd be ranked number three of the world's most populated countries.
     
    --   EU without UK (post-Brexit) 447,200,000 2020   eurostat
      Note:
    Population of the European Union without the UK after Brexit.
     
    3
    United States 330,500,000
    2020 North America U.S. Population Clock
    US Census Bureau
      Note:
    The US, which occupies most of North America's central part, is the most populous country in all of the Americas. It is also the country with the largest Christian population in the world; 65% of Americans today identify themselves as Christians. The most populous state in the US is California, with a population of 39.5 million people. The most populous city is New York City, NY, with 8.3 million inhabitants.
     
    4
    Indonesia 273,524,000
    2020 Southeast Asia UN Population Projection
    Badan Pusat Statistik (BPS) - Statistics Indonesia
      Note:
    Indonesia is the most populous island nation, as well as the most populous Islamic country, and the most populous sovereign state in Maritime Southeast Asia.
     
    --
    Uttar Pradesh 238,000,000 2020 Southern Asia Unique Identification Authority of India
      Note:
    In comparison, Uttar Pradesh, in the north of the country, is the most populous state of India. If Uttar Pradesh were a country, it would rank fifth among the world's most populous countries.
     
    5
    Pakistan 220,892,000
    2020 South Asia UN estimate
    Pakistan Bureau of Statistics
      Note:
    The Islamic Republic of Pakistan is the world's fifth-most populous country, the third-most populous nation in Asia, and the second-most populous Islamic country. The country's population is made up of six major ethnic groups. The largest are Punjabis (45%), Pashtuns (15% ), Sindhis (14%), and Saraikis (8%). About 96% of Pakistan's population are Muslims.
     
    6
    Brazil 212,228,000 2020 South America Population clock
    IBGE
      Note:
    Brazil is the largest and most populous country in South America and the second-most populous country in the Western Hemisphere. It is also the country with the second-highest Christian population in the world, with 65% Roman Catholics and 22% Protestants. Spoken language is Brazilian Portuguese.
     
    7
    Nigeria 206,140,000
    2020 West Africa UN estimate
    National Bureau of Statistics
      Note:
    Nigeria is a country in Western Africa bordering the Gulf of Guinea. The country is the most populous state in Africa and has a consistently high population growth rate. The main ethnic groups are Hausa 30%, Yoruba 15%, Igbo (Ibo) 15%, and Fulani 6%.
    More than half of the Nigerian population is Muslim (53 %), predominantly Sunni. 45 % of the population belong to different Christian denominations.
     
    8
    Bangladesh 165,000,000 2020 South Asia UN estimate
    Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics
      Note:
    Bangladesh is situated in the Ganges-Brahmaputra delta, between India and Myanmar. The country covers an area just over half the size of the United Kingdom, making Bangladesh the most densely populated large country in the world. Islam is the state religion.
     
    9
    Russia 146,749,000
    2020 Europe and Northern Asia Official estimate
    Federal State Statistics Service
      Note:
    The figure includes the population of the Russian occupied Crimean Peninsula. Russia is a transcontinental country situated in northern Asia and Eastern Europe. It is the largest country in the world by area. More than 80% of the country's population are ethnic Russians. About two-thirds of the Russian population live in the European part of the country.
     
    10
    Mexico 128,933,000 2020 North America National Institute of Statistics and Geography (INEGI)
      Note:
    North America's third-largest country is the second-most populous nation on the North American continent and the most populous Spanish-speaking country in the world. It may come as a surprise, but Mexico is also the country with the third-highest Christian population in the world (92.4%).
     
    11
    Japan 125,930,000 2020 Eastern Asia Monthly official estimate
    Statistics Bureau
      Note:
    Japan is an island country that occupies a chain of islands in the Pacific Ocean; it is the second-most populous island nation after Indonesia. The national language is Japanese. The main religions in Japan are Shinto and Buddhism.
     
    --
    Guangdong 113,460,000 2019
    East Asia National Bureau of Statistics of China
      Note:
    In comparison: Guangdong is a Province of China situated to the north of Hongkong. It is China's most populated province. If Guangdong were a nation state, it'd be ranked number thirteen of the world's most populated countries.
     
    12
    Ethiopia 112,000,000 2019 East Africa UN estimate
    Central Statistical Agency
      Note:
    Ethiopia is the most populous landlocked country in the world. Like many African nations, Ethiopia is a multi-ethnic state with more than 80 different ethnic groups and as many individual languages. About one third of the country's population are Muslims, 44% are Ethiopian Orthodox and about 18% are Protestants.
    --
    European Russia 109,100,000 2020 Europe  
      Note:
    Russia's population in the European part of the country (west of the Urals). About 74% of Russia's entire population of 146.7 million live in the European part of the country. European Russia includes five Russian Federal Districts: Central, Northwestern, Southern, North Caucasian, and Volga Federal District.
     
    13
    Philippines 108,000,000 2020
    Southeast Asia Population Clock
    Philippines National Statistics Office
      Note:
    The Philippines is an island nation and the second-most populous country in Maritime Southeast Asia. 85% of the country's population are Christians.
     
    14
    Egypt 101,097,000 2020 Northern Africa; Middle East Central Agency for Public Mobilization and Statistics - CAPMAS
      Note:
    The country in northeastern Africa borders the Mediterranean Sea in the north; it is the most populous country in North Africa and the Middle East. The primary language is Egyptian Arabic.
     
    15
    Vietnam 96,484,000 2019 Southeast Asia General Statistics Office of Vietnam
      Note:
    Vietnam is a densely populated nation on the eastern portion of the Indochinese Peninsula, with a long coastline along the South China Sea.
     
    16
    Congo, DROC 89,561,000 2020 Central Africa UN estimate
     
      Note:
    The Democratic Republic of the Congo, also known as Congo-Kinshasa, was formerly known as Zaire. It is the largest country in sub-Saharan Africa in terms of area. The country is home to over 200 ethnic groups. The official language is French; recognized national languages are Lingala, Kikongo, Swahili, and Tshiluba. The predominant majority of the population is Christian (95%).
     
    17
    Iran 84,000,000 2020 Middle East Census 2016 (pdf)
    Statistical Centre of Iran
      Note:
    The country between the Caspian Sea and the Persian Gulf was previously known as Persia. Iran is since 1979 an Islamic theocratic republic with a religious legal system based on secular and Islamic law. Shia Islam is the official state religion.
     
    18
    Turkey 83,155,000 2020 Southwestern Asia/Southern Europe Official estimate
    Turkish Statistical Institute
      Note:
    Third-largest among the countries with parts of its territory in Europe (after Russia and Kazakhstan). Turks are the largest ethnic group and there is a minority of Kurds (19%) and Arabs in the population. The predominant religion in Turkey is Islam (97%).
     
    19
    Germany 83,123,000
    mid 2020 Western Europe Official estimate
    Federal Statistical Office

      Note:
    Since reunification, Germany has been the most populous country, which is situated entirely in Europe.
     
    20
    France



    66,992,000

    2019 Western Europe Official estimate

    INSEE
      Note:
    France is the largest country in the European Union in terms of area. The population figures include the French overseas territories (DOM) Guadeloupe, Martinique, French Guiana, Reunion Island, and Mayotte. About 50% of France's population is Christian; approximately 40% is not affiliated with a religion. The national language is French.
     
    --   France metropolitan 64,812,000 2019 Western Europe  
      Note:
    European part of France including the island of Corsica.
     
    --   France overseas regions (DOM) 2,180,647 2019    
      Note:
    Population summary for the French Overseas Departments (DOM) of Guadeloupe, Martinique, French Guiana, Reunion Island, and Mayotte.
     
    21
    United Kingdom 66,800,000 2019 Northern Europe Official estimates
    Office for National Statistics
      Note:
    The United Kingdom consists of England, Wales, Scotland, and Northern Ireland. Recently, the country has been known mainly for its attempts to reach Brexit (the United Kingdom's withdrawal from the European Union).
     
    22
    Thailand 66,414,000 2018 Southeast Asia Official Estimates
    National Statistical Office
      Note:
    The kingdom in the center of the Indochinese peninsula is the country with the highest proportion of a Buddhist population. Buddhists form the largest religious group in Thailand (over 90%).
     
    23
    Italy 60,391,000 2019 Southern Europe Official estimate
    Istat (Istat - Istituto nazionale di statistica)
      Note:
    The country consists of the Italian peninsula and the islands of Sicily and Sardinia. Italy is the country with the highest percentage of Christians in Europe (83%).
     
    24
    South Africa 58,780,000 2019 Southern Africa Official estimate
    Statistics South Africa
      Note:
    The population of the country at the southern end of Africa consists of almost 80% black Africans (79.2%), whites (8.9%), mixed-race ((Coloureds) 8.9%), and Asians (2.5%).
     
    25
    Tanzania 55,890,747 2019 East Africa National Bureau of Statistics
      Note:
    Tanzania is a country in East Africa, bordering the Indian Ocean in the east. The figure includes the population of the semi-autonomous Zanzibar Archipelago, which consists of the islands of Mafia, Pemba, and Zanzibar.
     
    26
    Myanmar (Burma) 54,045,000 2019 Southeast Asia UN estimate
    Central Statistical Organization
      Note:
    Myanmar, also known as Burma, is situated in Southeast Asia with a coastline on the Andaman Sea and the Bay of Bengal. Burmese speaking Bamar people are the dominant ethnic group (68%). It is the country with the third-highest percentage of a Buddhist population (88%). Tensions between the country's Buddhist population and the Muslim Rohingya minority led to the expulsion of half of the Rohingya people from Myanmar.
     
    27
    South Korea 51,780,000 2020 Eastern Asia Official Population Projection
    Statistics Korea
      Note:
    The southern portion of Korea on the peninsula with the same name. The Korean peninsula is divided into communist North Korea and capitalist South Korea. The official language of South Korea is Korean. The constitution guarantees freedom of religion. More than half of the population does not belong to any religion. The rest is Protestant 19.7%, Buddhist 15.5%, and Catholic 7.9%. Korean Confucianism remains a fundamental part of Korean society.
     
    28
    Colombia 50,374,000 2019 South America DANE
      Note:
    Colombia is a country in the extreme northwest of South America, bordering the Caribbean to the north and the Pacific to the west. Colombia is connected with Central America by the Isthmus of Panama. It is the third-most populous state in Latin America.
     
    29
    Kenya 48,500,000 2019 East Africa KNBS
      Note:
    Like many other African countries, Kenya has a diverse population with an estimated more than 40 different ethnic groups. The main religion is Christianity (83%). Official languages are English and Swahili.
     
    30
    Spain 47,100,000 2020 Southern Europe Official estimate
    INE
      Note:
    The kingdom in the southwest of Europe shares the Iberian Peninsula with Portugal. The country is less densely populated than the rest of Europe. Many of the urban areas are near the coast. Roman Catholicism is the dominant religion in the country. The primary language is Spanish (Castilian; 74%), Catalan (or Valencian) is spoken by 17%, Galician by 7%, and Basque by 2% of the population.
     
    31
    Argentina 45,377,000 2020 South America INDEC
      Note:
    Argentina is a country located in the southern half of South America; it is the fourth most populous nation in Latin America. Most Argentines are descendants of immigrants who came to Argentina in the 19th- and 20th-century.
     
    32
    Algeria 43,900,000 2020 North Africa Office National des Statistiques
      Note:
    Algeria is Africa's largest country; it is situated in the Maghreb region of Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea in the north. The huge area is sparsely populated since the inhospitable Sahara covers large parts of the country. Most people, about 90%, live in the temperate, fertile region of the Mediterranean coast.
     
    33
    Ukraine 41,990,000 2019 Eastern Europe Official estimate
    State Statistic Service of Ukraine
      Note:
    Ukraine, the largest country entirely within Europe. It is afflicted with a shrinking population, which has been in decline since the 1990s due to a high emigration rate, high death rates, and low birth rates. The population figures apply to Ukraine, excluding Crimea.
     
    34
    Sudan 43,850,000 2020 North Africa UN estimate
    Central Bureau of Statistic
      Note:
    Sudan is an Islamic country in northeastern Africa to the south of Egypt; it has access to the Red Sea in the northeast. Sudanese Arabs make up the majority of the population in Sudan.
     
    35
    Uganda 40,299,300 2019 East Africa Uganda Bureau of Statistics
      Note:
    The country in East-Central Africa is the world's second-most populous landlocked country after Ethiopia.
     
    --
    California State Flag
    California 39,557,000 2018 North America American FactFinder
      Note:
    In comparison: California is the most populous state in the US. If California were a nation state, it'd be ranked number 36 of the world's most populated countries.
     
    36
    Iraq 40,223,000 2020 Middle East UN estimate
    Central Organization for Statistics
      Note:
    An almost landlocked country in the Middle East; it has only a short coastline on the northern Persian Gulf. Arabs are the dominant ethnic group (61%), and there is a significant minority of Iraqi Kurds (12%).
     
    37
    Afghanistan 38,900,000 2020 South-Central Asia UN estimate
    Central Statistics Organization
      Note:
    Afghanistan is a landlocked Islamic republic with an important strategic location in South-Central Asia. Most of the country's inhabitants live in rural areas (70%). The Pashtuns (ethnic Afghans) are the largest ethnic group with more than 40%, the second largest group being Tajiks with almost 30%.
     
    38
    Poland 38,386,000 2019 Eastern Europe Central Statistical Office
      Note:
    Poland is a country in Eastern Europe with a coastline on the Baltic Sea.
     
    39
    Canada 37,589,000 2019 North America Official estimation
    Statistics Canada
      Note:
    The largest nation in the Western Hemisphere is quite sparsely populated. Canada's urban centers are mainly in the southern part of the country.
     
    40
    Morocco 35,952,000 2020 North Africa Official estimate
    Haut-Commissariat au Plan du Maroc
      Note:
    Morocco is an Islamic kingdom in northwestern Africa with coastlines on the Mediterranean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean, inhabited by Arabic Berbers. The official languages of the country are Arabic and Berber (Amazigh); French is the dominant foreign language. An estimated 99% of Moroccans are Muslims.
     
    41
    Uzbekistan 34,244,000 2020 Central Asia Stat.uz (official statistics)
      Note:
    Uzbekistan is an independent inland republic in Central Asia. The former Soviet Republic is the most populous country in Central Asia. The majority of the population are Muslims (88%; mostly Sunnis), some Eastern Orthodox 9%.
     
    42
    Saudi Arabia 34,218,000 2019 Middle East General Authority for Statistics
      Note:
    Saudi Arabia occupies the better part of the Arabian Peninsula. It is the largest sovereign country in the Middle East. The figure shows the total population of Saudi, including Non-Saudi citizens. More than 12.6 million people are expatriates (37%).
     
    43
    Malaysia 32,612,000 2019 Southeast Asia Population projection
    Department of Statistics Malaysia
      Note:
    A multi-ethnic country with two regions, East Malaysia and Peninsular Malaysia. 80% (26 million) of Malaysia's total population of 32.6 million people live on the peninsula.
     
    44
    Venezuela 32,000,000 2019 South America Instituto Nacional de Estadística (INE)
      Note:
    Venezuela is a country on the northern coast of South America, bordering the Caribbean Sea. Since 2015 three million Venezuelans have fled their country, according to new UN estimates. [3]
     
    45
    Peru 32,000,000 2019 South America Official estimate
    INEI
      Note:
    The South American country on the Pacific coast was the center of the Inca empire, the largest empire in pre-Columbian America. Peru is a multi-ethnic nation of mestizo (mixed Amerindian and white people, 60%), Amerindians 26%, white 6%, and people of African descent 3.6%.
     
    46
    Ghana 30,281,000 2019 West Africa Ghana Statistical Service
      Note:
    Ghana is an African nation situated between C?te d'Ivoire and Togo; it borders the Gulf of Guinea in the south. Akan people are the largest ethnic group constituting almost half of the population.
     
    47
    Angola 30,175,553 2019 Central Africa Instituto Nacional de Estatistica
      Note:
    Angola is a tropical country on the western coast of Africa, south of the equator and north of Namibia. The country is inhabited mainly by Bantu people; Ovimbundu are the largest ethnic group (40%), followed by Ambundu (23%) and Kongo people (13%). The official language is Portuguese 71%.
     
    48
    Yemen 29,826,000 2020 Middle East, Arabian Peninsula UN estimate
      Note:
    Yemen is a country in the southwestern part of the Arabian Peninsula. The country's population consists predominantly of Arabs. Arabic is the official language of Yemen.
     
    49
    Nepal 29,712,000 2019 South-Central Asia Population projection
    Central Bureau of Statistics
      Note:
    Nepal is a landlocked country in the Himalayas south of Tibet and north of the Indian states of Uttar Pradesh and Bihar. It borders the Indian states of Uttarakhand in the northwest and Sikkim in the east.
     
    50
    Mozambique 27,909,000 2017 East Africa Census 2017
    INE
      Note:
    Mozambique is a country on the eastern coast of southern Africa bordering the Mozambique Channel. Portuguese is the most widely spoken language.
     
    51
    Madagascar 26,969,000 2019 East Africa Official estimate
    INSTAT
      Note:
    Madagascar is a country and the fourth largest island in the world; it is located in the Indian Ocean, about 400 km off the eastern coast of Africa. The island is home to the Republic of Madagascar, the world's second-largest island country, after Indonesia. Official languages are Malagasy and French.
     
    52
    Cameroon 25,876,000 2019 Central Africa UN estimate
    National Institute of Statistics
      Note:
    Cameroon is a country on the western coast of Central Africa on the Bight of Biafra, between Nigeria and Gabon. Cameroon Highlanders are the largest ethnic group (31%), followed by Equatorial Bantu (19%). Cameroonian Pidgin English and French are lingua franca understood by the majority of the population.
     
    53
    C?te d'Ivoire 25,717,000 2019 West Africa UN estimate
    Institut National de la Statistique
      Note:
    C?te d'Ivoire, also known as Ivory Coast, is a West African country on the Gulf of Guinea. Akan people are the dominant ethnic group (42%). The official language is French.
     
    54
    North Korea 25,660,000 2019 Eastern Asia Worldbank estimate
    UN estimate
      Note:
    North Korea covers the northern portion of the Korean Peninsula. Korea is divided into communist North Korea and capitalist South Korea.
     
    55
    Australia 25,559,000 2020 Australia/Oceania Official population clock
    Australian Bureau of Statistics
      Note:
    Australia is a continent that harbors the country of Australia. It is the third least densely populated country in the world, only outperformed by Namibia, Mongolia, and Greenland. The majority of the Australian population lives in large cities on the coast.
     
    --
    Asian Russia 25,449,000 2018 Northern Asia  
      Note:
    The figure is for the population of the Asian part of Russia, which includes the administrative districts of Ural Federal District, Siberian Federal District, and Far Eastern Federal District.
     
    56
    Niger 24,207,000 2020 West Africa UN estimate
    Institut National de la Statistique; INS Niger
      Note:
    Niger is a landlocked country in West Africa, on the southern edge of the Sahara Desert. It is the country with the highest fertility rate in the world (on average, seven children per woman).
     
    57
    Taiwan 23,579,000 2020 Eastern Asia National Statistics Taiwan
      Note:
    Taiwan is an island country off the southeastern coast of mainland China. The semi-presidential republic is situated between the East China Sea and the South China Sea. It is a country with a high urban population (78%). 95% of the population are Han Chinese. Taiwan is the largest independent nation that is not a member of the United Nations (UN).
     
    58
    Sri Lanka 21,803,000 2019 South-Central Asia Official estimate (pdf)
    Department of Census and Statistics
      Note:
    Sri Lanka is a tropical island nation southeast of the Indian subcontinent, inhabited mainly by Sinhalese people (75%). The second major ethnic group on the island are Sri Lankan Tamils (11%). Official languages are Sinhala and Tamil.
     
    59
    Burkina Faso 20,870,060 2019 West Africa Institut National de la Statistique
      Note:
    Burkina Faso, a former French colony, is a landlocked country in western Africa in the Sahel, south of Mali. The population is concentrated mainly in the south. The Mossi people are the largest ethnic group (more than 50%). The official language is French (official), but most people speak one of the many native African languages.
     
    60
    Mali 20,251,000 2010 West Africa Institut National de la Statistique
      Note:
    Mali is a landlocked sovereign state in the Sahel in West Africa, south of Algeria. The Sahara dominates the northeastern portion of the country. Mali is a country with a very high fertility rate (6 children per woman). Islam is the predominant religion in the country.
     
    61
    Romania 19,405,000 2019 Eastern Europe Official estimate (pdf)
    Institutul Na?ional de Statistic?
      Note:
    Romania is a country in southeastern Europe with a coastline on the Black Sea in the southeast. Its population consists mainly of Romanians (89%). The largest ethnic minorities are Hungarians (6%) and Romani people (3%).
     
    62
    Chile 19,107,200 2019 South America Instituto Nacional de Estadísticas
      Note:
    Chile is a country that occupies a 4,500 km (2,800 mi) long coastal strip between the Andes and the Pacific Ocean, which runs down the western and southern edge of South America. Chile is a country with a multi-ethnic society. The vast majority of the population speaks Chilean Spanish.
     
    63
    Kazakhstan 18,736,000 2020 South-Central Asia Kazakhstan Statistics Agency
      Note:
    One of the Central Asian Republics and a former Soviet Republic. Kazakhs are the largest ethnic group (68%), followed by Russians (19%). 70% of the population are Muslims, 26% Christians. Spoken languages are Kazakh and Russian.
     
    64
    Zambia 17,855,000 2019 East Africa 2016 est. (pdf)
    Central Statistical Office
      Note:
    Zambia is a landlocked tropical country in central southern Africa, east of Angola. The country's population with more than 70 ethnic groups is concentrated in urban areas along the main transport corridors, especially along railway lines. The official language is English.
     
    65
    Guatemala 17,689,642 2019 Central America Official estimate
    Instituto Nacional de Estadística
      Note:
    Guatemala is a tropical country in Central America bordered by Mexico in the west and the north. It has coastlines on the Gulf of Honduras (Caribbean Sea) and the Pacific Ocean. About 40% of the country's population are descendants of Maya peoples, just as many Guatemalans are of European or indigenous-European descent (Ladinos).
     
    66
    Malawi 17,563,800 2018 East Africa; Southern Central Africa Malawi in Figures (pdf)
    National Statistical Office
      Note:
    Malawi is a country on the western shore of Lake Malawi (Lake Nyasa) in the Great Rift Valley. Malawi's population consists mainly of Bantu peoples. The major ethnic groups are Chewa 34%, Lomwe 19%, Yao 13%, Ngoni 10%, and Tumbuka 9%. The main languages are English (official) and Chichewa.
     
    67
    Ecuador 17,336,000 2019 South America Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Censos
      Note:
    Ecuador is a country in northwestern South America south of Colombia, with a coastline on the Pacific Ocean. The country is ethnically diverse. About 70% of the population are mestizos, descendants of Spanish colonists and Amerindians. The official language is Spanish.
     
    68
    Netherlands 17,282,000 2019 Western Europe Official estimate
    Statistics Netherlands
      Note:
    The Netherlands lies in northwestern Europe and borders the North Sea. With the exception of some European micro-states, it is the country with the highest population density in Europe. The official language is Dutch.
     
    69
    Syria 17,070,000 2019 Middle East UN estimate
      Note:
    Syria is a country in the Middle East bordering the Mediterranean Sea. The civil war, which tears the country apart, leads to a decline in the population. Millions of people have fled from Syria to neighboring countries and Europe.
     
    70
    Senegal 16,706,000 2020 West Africa Agence Nationale de la Statistique
      Note:
    Senegal is a tropical country on the west coast of Africa, occupying the westernmost point of the continent. Senegal surrounds the Gambia on three sides. Senegal's largest ethnic groups are Wolof 37%, Pular 26%, and Serer 17%. The official language is French; Wolof is the lingua franca. 96% of the population are Muslims.
     
    71
    Somalia 15,893,000 2020 East Africa UN estimate
     
      Note:
    Somalia is a country on the Horn of Africa. About 85% of the population are Somalis. Official languages are Somali and Arabic. Almost all Somalis are Sunni Muslims.
     
    72
    Cambodia 15,288,500 2019 Southeast Asia 2019 census (pdf)
    National Institute of Statistics
      Note:
    Cambodia is a country located in the southern part of the Indochina peninsula between Thailand and southern Vietnam; it borders the Gulf of Thailand in the southwest. It is one of the countries with the highest proportion of Buddhists in the population. The official language is Khmer.
     
    73
    Chad 15,100,000 2018 Central Africa Inseed Tchad
      Note:
    Chad is a landlocked country in northcentral Africa. It stretches from north to south across three different geographical zones, with the Sahara in the north, the Sahel in the center, and the Sudanese savanna in the south. Chad is a multi-ethnic country with more than 200 distinct tribes. Official languages are Arabic and French. About 55% of the population are Muslims, and 40% are Christians.
     
    74
    Zimbabwe 14,645 ,000 2019 Eastern Africa National Population Projections
    ZIMSTAT
      Note:
    Zimbabwe is a landlocked country in southern East Africa. The majority of the country's population are various tribes of Shona peoples (70%), followed by Ndebele. Spoken languages are English, Shona, and Ndebele.
     
    75
    Rwanda 12,374,000 2019 Central Africa National Institute of Statistics
      Note:
    Rwanda is a relatively small, landlocked country in Central Africa with a relatively high population density. The main ethnic groups are Hutu, Tutsi, and Twa (Pygmy). Official languages are Kinyarwanda, Swahili, French, and English. The majority of the Rwandans are Christians.
     
    76
    Guinea 12,218,000 2019 West Africa Institut National de la Statistique
      Note:
    Guinea is a state in West Africa that borders the Atlantic Ocean in the west. Despite the mineral resources available, the majority of Guinea's citizens live in poverty. 62% of the inhabitants live in rural areas, 38% in cities. The three largest ethnic groups, among a total of more than 40 peoples, are Fulbe (40%), Malinke (26%), and Susu (11%). The predominant religion in Guinea is Sunni Islam; 85% of the population is Muslim. The official language is French. The country is in the Top 10 nations with the highest fertility rate.
     
    77
    Burundi 12,044,000 2019 East Africa L'Institut de Statistiques et d'Etudes Economiques du Burundi  
      Note:
    Burundi is a landlocked country in east-central Africa at the northeastern end of Lake Tanganyika, south of Rwanda. The country has a rural society; more than 85% of the population live in pastoral areas. With a share of 85%, Hutus are the largest ethnic group. Spoken languages are Kirundi and some French.
     
    78
    South Sudan 12,000,000 2019 East-Central Africa Information About South Sudan
      Note:
    South Sudan gained its independence from Sudan in 2011. The country's predominantly rural population consists of around 60 indigenous ethnic groups.
     
    79
    Benin 11,800,000 2019 West Africa INSAE
      Note:
    Benin is a country in Western Africa between Nigeria and Togo, bordering the Bight of Benin in the south. More than 40 ethnic groups live in the state. Fon people are the dominant ethnic group (38%). Christianity and Sunni Islam are the two main religions. Spoken languages are French (official), Fon, Yoruba, Bariba, and Fulani.
     
    80
    Tunisia 11,819,000 2020 North Africa UN estimates
    National Institute of Statistics
      Note:
    Tunisia is a country in the Maghreb region of North Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea in the north and the Sahara Desert in the south. The Tunisian Cape Angela marks the northernmost point on the African continent. The country is inhabited by people with Arab and Berber ancestral origin. The official language is Arabic; other spoken languages are French and Tamazight (Berber). 99% of the Tunisians are Sunni Muslims.
     
    81
    Bolivia 11,513,000 2019 South America Population Clock
    Instituto Nacional de Estadística
      Note:
    Bolivia is a landlocked country in central South America. The majority of Bolivia's population are mestizos (68%), followed by indigenous peoples (20%) consisting of 36 recognized ethnic groups. The common language is Spanish. 78% of the population is Roman Catholic, 19% are Protestants.
     
    82
    Belgium 11,431,400 2019 Western Europe Statistics Belgium
      Note:
    Belgium is a kingdom in Western Europe, bordering the North Sea in the northwest. The country is inhabited by Belgians (75%). There are three official languages in the kingdom, Dutch (59%), French (40%), and German (under 1%). Half of the population is Roman Catholic.
     
    83
    Cuba 11,280,000 2020 Caribbean, Greater Antilles Official estimate
    Oficina Nacional de Estadísticas
      Note:
    Cuba is the largest and most populous country in the Caribbean. 64% of its population is white, 27% are mulatto or mixed, and 9% are black. The official language is Spanish. Although Cuba has a communist political system, almost 60% of the population is Christian.
     
    84
    Haiti 11,000,000 2019 Hispaniola, Caribbean Institut Haitien de statistique
      Note:
    Haiti shares the island of Hispaniola with the Dominican Republic. The country became the first black-run republic in the world, but since then, it has repeatedly experienced political and social unrest. Haiti is currently the poorest country in the Western Hemisphere. Spoken are French and Haitian Creole. More than 80% are of the population are Christians, and roughly half of the population practices voodoo.
     
    85
    Czech Republic 10,699,000 2020 Eastern Europe Czech Statistical Office
      Note:
    The Czech Republic is a landlocked country in Central Europe. It includes the historical countries of Bohemia and Moravia as well as parts of Silesia. Czechia was until 1992 part of Czechoslovakia; the former country is now divided between the Czech Republic and Slovakia. Czechia is characterized as being one of the most secular countries in the world.
     
    86
    Jordan 10,756,000
    2020 Middle East Department of Statistics
      Note:
    Jordan is an almost landlocked country on the east bank of the Jordan River, east of Israel. The country has a narrow access (27 km wide) to the Gulf of Aqaba (Red Sea) in the south. The figure includes refugees of the Syrian Civil War.
     
    87
    Greece 10,725,000 2019 Southern Europe Hellenic Statistical Authority
      Note:
    The mainland of Greece is situated on the southern tip of the Balkan Peninsula; the rest of the country consists of several hundred islands scattered throughout the Aegean and Ionian seas. 90% of the population are Greeks. The official language is Greek. The official religion is Greek Orthodox (81-90%).
     
    88
    Dominican Republic 10,448,000 2020 Caribbean Oficina Nacional de Estadítica
      Note:
    The Dominican Republic occupies the eastern two-thirds of the island of Hispaniola. 70% of the population belongs to a mixed ethnic group. Spoken language is Spanish.
     
    89
    Portugal 10,276,000 2018 Southern Europe Statistics Portugal
      Note:
    The country is located in the west of the Iberian Peninsula; it is the westernmost country in Europe. The Azores and Madeira archipelagos in the North Atlantic Ocean are two autonomous regions of Portugal. The official language is Portuguese. More than 80% of the Portuguese population is Roman Catholic Christian.
     
    90
    Sweden 10,247,000 2019 Northern Europe Statistics Sweden
      Note:
    Sweden is one of the Nordic countries situated on the Scandinavian Peninsula.
     
    91
    Azerbaijan 10,067,000 2020 Western Asia State Statistical Committee of Azerbaijan
      Note:
    Azerbaijan was one of the 15 republics of the former Soviet Union. The country is situated in the Caucasus on the western shore of the Caspian Sea. Spoken languages are Azerbaijani (official), Russian, and Armenian. About 97% of the population are Muslims, most of them Shia.
     
    92
    United Arab Emirates 9,890,000 2020 Arabian Peninsula UN estimates
    National Bureau of Statistics United Arab Emirates
      Note:
    The UAE is, after the Vatican, number three among the countries with a majority of foreign-born citizens. 83% of the UAE's population are non-native. UAE's male population exceeds females more than two-fold.
    UAE Population 2018 by gender, Male: 6,300,000; Female: 3,000,000.
     
    93
    Hungary 9,773,000 2019 Eastern Europe Official estimate
    Hungarian Central Statistical Office
      Note:
    The EU member state is a landlocked country in Eastern Europe inhabited by Hungarians (98%). About one-quarter of the population lives in the metropolitan area of the capital city Budapest. More than half of the Hungarians are Christians (54%). The official language is Hungarian.
     
    94
    Belarus 9,397,000 2020 Eastern Europe National Statistical portal of Belarus
      Note:
    Belarus is a landlocked country and former Soviet republic in Eastern Europe, east of Poland. The official language is Belarusian.
     
    95
    Tajikistan 9,314,000 2020 South-Central Asia Statistical Agency Tajikistan
      Note:
    One of the Central Asian Republics. The mountainous landlocked country is surrounded by Afghanistan, China, Kyrgyzstan, and Uzbekistan. Most of the population are Tajiks, a Persian-speaking Iranian ethnic group. 98% of the population are Muslims (Sunni 95%, Shia 3%).
     
    96
    Honduras 9,251,000 2020 Central America Instituto Nacional de Estadistica Honduras
      Note:
    Honduras is a country in Central America between Guatemala and Nicaragua, bordering the Caribbean Sea to the north. The country also has access to the Pacific Ocean at the Gulf of Fonseca in the south. 90% of its population are mixed Amerindian and European, 7% are Amerindian. The official language is Spanish.
     
    97
    Israel 9,124,000 2020 Middle East Central Bureau of Statistics Israel
      Note:
    The State of Israel is a country in the Middle East, bordering the Mediterranean Sea in the west. 74% of the total population are Jewish, about 21% Arabs. Major spoken languages are Hebrew, Arabic, English, Russian, and Amharic (Ethiopia). Approximately half of the Jewish population are non-religious, [4] 18% of the total population are Muslims, and 2% are Christians.
     
    98
    Papua New Guinea 9,079,000
    est. ?
    2019 Melanesia/Oceania National Statistical Office Papua New Guinea
      Note:
    Papua New Guinea consists of the eastern half of the island of New Guinea and several offshore islands in the western Pacific north of eastern Australia. PNG is one of the most culturally diverse nations in the world, with more languages spoken than in any other country; there are more than 800 tribal languages. Tok Pisin and English serve as lingua franca.
     
    99
    Austria 8,887,000 2019 Western Europe Official estimates
    Statistics Austria
      Note:
    Austria is a landlocked country within the Alps in Western Europe, north of Italy. 91% of the population are ethnic Austrians. Other ethnic groups are ex-Yugoslavs (6%), Germans (3%), and Turks (2%). Spoken language is Standard Austrian German.
     
    100
    Switzerland 8,556,000 2019 Western Europe Swiss Federal Statistical Office
      Note:
    Switzerland is a landlocked country within the Alps. One country, four languages, German, French, Italian, and Romansh are all national and official languages.
     
    101
    Sierra Leone 7,813,000 2019 West Africa Statistics Sierra Leone
      Note:
    Sierra Leone is an African nation located on the west coast of Africa.
     
    102
    Hong Kong (China) 7,509,200 2020 Eastern Asia Official estimate
    Census and Statistics Department
      Note:
    Hong Kong is a city and a Chinese Special Administrative Region (SAR) on China's southeastern coast, bordering the South China Sea. 92% of the population are Han Chinese. Official languages are Cantonese (89%) and English (4.3%). Most people of Chinese descent in Hong Kong practice the traditional Chinese folk religion, including many of the over 1 million Buddhists and over 1 million Taoists.
     
    103
    Togo 7,352,000 2018 West Africa Direction Générale de la Statistique
      Note:
    Togo is a country in West Africa between Benin and Ghana with a short coastline on the Gulf of Guinea. There are about 40 different ethnic groups, and as many distinct languages are spoken. Major ethnic groups are Ewe, Kabye, Temba, and Gurma.
     
    104
    Paraguay 7,152,700 2019 South America Statistical Office Paraguay (in Spanish)
      Note:
    Paraguay is a landlocked country in central South America between Bolivia, Brazil, and Argentina. 95% of its population are mestizos (mixed Spanish and Amerindian). Spoken languages are Spanish and Guarani, both official.
     
    105
    Laos 7,120,000 2019 Southeast Asia Lao Statistics Bureau
      Note:
    The Lao PDR is internationally known as Laos, a country on the Indochinese Peninsula between Thailand and Vietnam. Lao's Government officially recognizes 49 ethnic groups.
     
    106
    Bulgaria 7,000,000 2019 Eastern Europe National Statistical Institute Bulgaria
      Note:
    Bulgaria is a country in southeastern Europe on the Balkan Peninsula, bordering the Black Sea in the east. Bulgarians are the dominant ethnic group (85%). The official language is Bulgarian, written in Cyrillic. The main religion is Eastern Orthodox Christianity (75%).
     
    107
    Serbia 6,967,000 2020 Southern Europe Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia
      Note:
    Serbia is a landlocked country on the Balkan Peninsula. Formerly one of the six constituent republics of Yugoslavia. The official language is Serbian. The majority religion is Serbian Orthodox (85%).
     
    108
    Lebanon 6,856,000 2020 Middle East UN estimate
    Central Administration of Statistics
      Note:
    Lebanon is a Middle Eastern country with a coastline on the Mediterranean Sea. Lebanon is a nation of minorities with no single dominant group. The country hosts approximately 1.5 million refugees, mainly from Syria and Palestine.
     
    109
    Libya 6,871,000 2020 North Africa UN estimate
     
      Note:
    The North African country borders the Mediterranean Sea to the north. The Sahara desert covers large parts of Libya. The vast country has a relatively small population with a majority of Arab-Berbers. 90% of the Libyan population live on the coast.
     
    110
    Nicaragua 6,546,000 2019 Central America INIDE Nicaragua
      Note:
    Nicaragua is the largest country in Central America. Most of its population (70%) are mestizos, offsprings of Europeans and American Indians. About 18% are white people, mostly of Spanish descent, and 9% have African ancestors.
     
    111
    El Salvador 6,454,000 2019 Central America UN estimate
    Dirección General de Estadística y Censos
      Note:
    El Salvador is the smallest country in Central America, it lies between Guatemala and Honduras, and it borders the Pacific Ocean in the south. Most of its population are mestizo (86%), there are some white (12%), and a few indigenous people.
     
    112
    Kyrgyzstan 6,400,000 2019 South-Central Asia Official estimate

    Statistics Office Kyrgyzstan
      Note:
    Kyrgyzstan is a landlocked country in Central Asia, southeast of Kazakhstan, and northwest of China. More than 70% of the population are Kyrgyz; the rest are Uzbeks (15%) and Russians (5%). The main religion is (Sunni) Islam (90%).
     
    113
    Turkmenistan 6,000,000 2020 South-Central Asia UN estimate
    Turkmenistan Statistical Office
      Note:
    A country in Central Asia between the Caspian Sea in the west and the Amu Darya River in the east. The former Soviet republic is the least populated nation of the Central Asian republics. The country is populated by Turkmen (85%), Uzbeks (5%), and Russians (4%). Spoken languages are Turkmen, Russian, and Uzbek. The population of Turkmenistan is approximately 93% Muslim and 6% Eastern Orthodox (predominantly Russians).
     
    114
    Denmark 5,825,000 2020 Northern Europe Statistics Denmark
      Note:
    The southernmost of the Scandinavian countries is a constitutional monarchy situated on the Jutland peninsula and an archipelago of several hundred islands in the Baltic Sea. The largest islands are Zealand, with the capital Copenhagen, Funen, and the North Jutlandic Island.
     
    115
    Singapore 5,703,000 2019 Southeast Asia Statistics Singapore
      Note:
    A multiethnic city-state south of the tip of the Malay Peninsula, with a predominantly Chinese (74%), Malay (13%), and Indian (9%) population.
     
    116
    Finland 5,522,000 2019 Northern Europe Population Register Centre
    Statistics Finland
      Note:
    The country on the Baltic Sea between Sweden and Russia is the second-least populated country in Europe. Spoken languages are Finnish, Swedish, and Sámi.
     
    117
    Slovakia 5,450,000 2018 Eastern Europe Statistical Office
      Note:
    Slovakia is a country in central Europe; until 1992, it was part of Czechoslovakia. The official language is Slovak.
     
    118
    Congo, ROC
    (Republic of the Congo)
    5,381,000 2019 Central Africa UN estimate
     
      Note:
    The Republic of the Congo, also known as Congo-Brazzaville, is a tropical country in Central Africa, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean in the southwest. Various sub-groups of Bantu people inhabit the Congo. Spoken languages are French, Lingala, Kituba, and Kikongo.
     
    119
    Norway 5,346,000 2019 Northern Europe Statistics Norway
      Note:
    A Scandinavian country and one of the most sparsely populated countries in Europe. Nearly half of the population lives in the southern part of the country. Official languages are Norwegian and Sámi.
     
    120
    Eritrea est. 5 to 6 million 2019 East Africa UN estimate
    Eritrea MOI 
      Note:
    Eritrea is a country on the Horn of Africa on the coast of the Red Sea. The major ethnic groups are Tigrinya people (55%) and Tigre people (30%). Spoken languages are Tigrinya, Arabic, English, and Tigre.
    (There are no reliable population data for Eritrea; data vary from 3.4 million (UN) to 5.9 million (CIA))
     
    121
    Costa Rica 5,058,000 2019 Central America Instituto Nacional de Estadística
      Note:
    Costa Rica is a country in Central America between Nicaragua and Panama, with coastlines on the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea. A large part of the population are descendants of European immigrants and descendants of relationships between Europeans and indigenous Americans. More than 75% of Costa Rica's population are Christians. Spoken language is Spanish.
     
    122
    State of Palestine 5,101,000 2020 Middle East UN estimate
    Central Bureau of Statistics
      Note:
    The State of Palestine is a (partially) recognized sovereign state but is occupied by Israel since 1967. Palestine is not recognized as a state by Israel, the United States, the United Kingdom, Germany, Italy, France, Switzerland, Spain, Greece, Canada, Japan, South Korea, Mexico, Australia, Armenia, and New Zealand, among others. The territories claimed by the State of Palestine are the West Bank, the Gaza Strip, and East Jerusalem. More than 90% of the Palestinians are Muslim. Languages in use are Palestinian Arabic and Hebrew.
     
    123
    Liberia 4,937,000 2019 West Africa UN estimate
    LISGIS
      Note:
    Liberia is a country in the southwestern corner of the hump of Africa bordering the Atlantic Ocean. Spoken languages are English and about 30 indigenous languages. The Kpelle and the Bassa people are the largest ethnic groups. 85% of the population are Christians, 12% are Muslims.
     
    124
    Ireland 4,921,000 2019 Northern Europe Central Statistics Office of Ireland
      Note:
    The Republic of Ireland is an independent state that occupies five-sixths of the island of Ireland, which is situated west of the island of Great Britain. English is the language generally used; Irish (Gaelic or Gaeilge) is spoken by about 40% of the population. The main religion is Roman Catholic (78%).
     
    125
    New Zealand 5,002,000 2020 Australia/Oceania Statistics New Zealand
      Note:
    An island nation in the South Pacific Ocean. The country consists of two main islands situated about 2,000 km (1,275 mi) southeast of Australia. 73% of the population lives in urban areas. Approximately three-fourths of New Zealand's inhabitants are descendants of European immigrants, and 15% are Māori people, the original inhabitants of the islands. Spoken languages are English and Māori.
     
    126
    Central African Republic 4,745,000 2019 Central Africa UN estimate
     
      Note:
    The Central African Republic is a landlocked country in the heart of Africa. It is the country that ranks lowest in the Human Development Index. There are over 80 ethnic groups. Spoken languages are French and Sangho, which is a national language and serves as lingua franca.
     
    127
    Kuwait 4,465,000 2020 Middle East
    Arabian Peninsula
    Kuwait Central Statistical Office
      Note:
    Kuwait is a relatively small country in the northeastern part of the Arabian Peninsula bordering the Persian Gulf in the east. Kuwait's population is made up of 70% foreigners and 30% Kuwaiti. More than 90% of the Kuwaitis are Muslim.
     
    128
    Oman 4,618,000 2019 Arabian Peninsula National Center for Statistics and Information
      Note:
    Oman is a country in the southeastern corner of the Arabian Peninsula bordering the Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Oman. Oman's population consists of 61% Omanis and 38% expatriates. The official language is Arabic. The predominant religion is Islam (86%).
     
    129
    Panama 4,098,000 2017 Central America 2017 population (pdf)
    Instituto Nacional de Estadística
      Note:
    Panama is a country on the Isthmus of Panama between Costa Rica and Colombia, bordering the Caribbean Sea to the north and the Pacific Ocean to the south. About 65% of the population are mestizos (mix of European and native ancestry), 12% are Indigenous Americans. The principal language is Spanish.
     
    130
    Croatia 4,088,000 2018 Southern Europe
    Balkan Peninsula
    Croatian Bureau of Statistics
      Note:
    Croatia is a Mediterranean country in Southeastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea. Formerly one of the six constituent republics of Yugoslavia. More than 80% of the population are Roman Catholics. The official language is Croatian.
     
    131
    Mauritania 4,650,000 2020 West Africa UN estimate
    Office National de la Statistique
      Note:
    The Islamic Republic of Mauritania is a sparsely populated country in West Africa with a coastline on the Atlantic Ocean. The Sahara desert covers much of its territory. The population consists of Haratins ("black Moors"; 40%), Beidanes ("white" Moors; 30%), and sub-Saharan Mauritanians. Spoken languages are Hassaniya Arabic, Wolof, and French.
     
    132
    Georgia 3,723,000 2019 Western Asia Official estimate
    GeoStat
      Note:
    Georgia is a Eurasian state on the border between Europe and Asia; it lies between Turkey and Russia and borders the Black Sea in the west. 87% of the population are Georgian, about 6% are Azerbaijanis, and more than 4% are Armenian. Official languages are Georgian and Abkhazian. The majority of the population (86%) are Orthodox Christian.
     
    133
    Uruguay 3,493,200 2017 South America Population 2017 (pdf)
    Instituto Nacional de Estadística
      Note:
    Uruguay is a South American country south of Brazil, bordering the Río de la Plata and the South Atlantic Ocean. Uruguay's population is of predominantly European origin. The official language is Spanish.
     
    134
    Bosnia and Herzegovina 3,250,000 2019 Southern Europe
    Balkan Peninsula
    Agency for Statistics
      Note:
    Bosnia-Herzegovina is a mountainous and almost landlocked country on the Balkan Peninsula with a narrow, 20 km wide access to the Adriatic Sea in the south. BiH was one of the six constituent republics of Yugoslavia. These days half of the population are Bosniaks, 30% are Serbs, and 15% are Croats. Spoken languages are Bosnian, Serbian, and Croatian.
     
    135
    Mongolia 3,238,000 2019 Eastern Asia National Statistical Office
      Note:
    Mongolia is a vast landlocked country between Siberia in the north and China in the south. It is the least densely populated sovereign nation in the world (2 people per sq km). The spoken language is Mongolian. More than half of the population are Buddhists.
     
    136
    Puerto Rico 3,195,000 2018 Caribbean, Greater Antilles US Census Bureau
      Note:
    Puerto Rico is one of two US territories with "commonwealth" status. Puerto Rico is the country with the highest population decline due to a low birth rate, an ongoing economic crisis, emigration to the US, and the aftermath of Hurricane Maria.
     
    137
    Armenia 2,960,000 2020 Europe/Western Asia Official estimate
    National Statistical Service
      Note:
    Armenia is a landlocked country and former Soviet republic in the South Caucasus with an Armenian speaking population. The main religion in Armenia is Christianity.
     
    138
    Albania 2,862,000 2019 Southern Europe Albania Institute of Statistics
      Note:
    Albania is a country on the Balkan peninsula to the north of Greece, bordering the Adriatic and the Ionian Sea. The official language is Albanian. About 60% of the population are Muslims.
     
    139
    Lithuania 2,795,000 2020 Northern Europe Statistics Lithuania
      Note:
    Lithuania is the largest of the Baltic states and one of the countries with the highest population decline due to a low birth rate and emigration.
     
    140
    Qatar 2,724,000 2020 Middle East Qatar Planning and Statistics Authority
      Note:
    Qatar is a country in the Persian Gulf occupying the Qatar Peninsula on the west coast of the much larger Arabian Peninsula. Qatar is, after the Vatican, number two among the countries with a majority of foreign-born citizens. Population: 313,000 Qataris (12%) and 2.3 million expatriates (in 2017).
     
    141
    Jamaica 2,727,000 2019 Caribbean, Greater Antilles Statistical Institute of Jamaica
      Note:
    One of the Greater Antilles islands southeast of Cuba. Spoken languages are English and Jamaican Patois. The majority of the Jamaicans are Christians.
     
    142
    Moldova 2,682,000 2019 Eastern Europe Official estimate
    National Bureau of Statistics
      Note:
    Moldova is a landlocked country in Eastern Europe between Romania and Ukraine. The largest ethnic group are Moldovans (75%); other inhabitants are Romanians 7%, Ukrainians 6.6%, Gagauzes 4.6%, and Russians 4%. Spoken languages are Moldovan/Romanian (80%), Russian, Gagauz, and Ukrainian. More than 90% of the total population are Orthodox Christians.
     
    143
    Namibia 2,500,000 2020 Southern Africa Central Bureau of Statistics
      Note:
    Situated in southwest Africa, Namibia is the second-least densely populated sovereign nation in the world. The largest ethnic group are the Ovambo (50%). An estimated 80% to 90% of the population are Christians.
     
    144
    Gambia 2,417,000 2020 West Africa UN estimate
    Gambia Bureau of Statistics
      Note:
    The Gambia is a multi-ethnic country in West Africa, situated along both banks of the Gambia River and surrounded by Senegal on three sides. 95% of the population are Muslims.
     
    145
    Botswana 2,339,000 2019 Southern Africa Population projection
    Central Statistics Office
      Note:
    The landlocked country in Southern Africa is sparsely populated because up to 70% of the country is covered by the Kalahari Desert, a large semi-arid sandy savanna.
     
    146
    Gabon 2,173,000 2019 Central Africa UN estimate
    Direction Générale des Statistiques
     
      Note:
    A country along the Atlantic coast of West Africa between Cameroon and the Republic of the Congo.
     
    147
    Lesotho 2,125,000 2019 Southern Africa UN estimate
    Bureau of Statistics
      Note:
    Lesotho is a landlocked mountainous country that forms an enclave in South Africa. Spoken languages are Sesotho (official), English, Zulu, and Xhosa.
     
    148
    Slovenia 2,084,300 2019 Southern Europe
    Balkan Peninsula
    Statistical Office Slovenia
      Note:
    Formerly one of the six constituent republics of Yugoslavia, a landlocked country on the Balkan Peninsula north of Greece.
     
    149
    North Macedonia 2,077,000 2019 Southern Europe
    Balkan Peninsula
    Official estimate
    State Statistical Office
      Note:
    North Macedonia was formerly one of the six constituent republics of Yugoslavia. The landlocked country in the Balkan Peninsula is inhabited by ethnic Macedonians (65%) and Albanians (25%). 65% of the population are Eastern Orthodox Christians, 33% are Muslims. Spoken languages are Macedonian and Albanian.
     
    150
    Latvia 1,916,000 2019 Northern Europe Central Statistical Bureau
      Note:
    One of the Baltic states, situated between Estonia to the north and Lithuania in the south. Latvia is also one of the Baltic states affected by negative population growth due to a low birth rate and emigration.
     
    151
    Guinea-Bissau 1,585,000 2018 West Africa National Bureau of Statistics
      Note:
    A country in West Africa between Senegal and Guinea, with a coastline on the Atlantic Ocean.
     
    152
    Bahrain 1,503,000 2018 Middle East Bahrain Open Data Portal
      Note:
    Bahrain is among the most densely populated countries. Like many other countries on the Arabian Peninsula, Bahrain has a population with a high percentage of foreigners. In 2018, 689,400 (46%) of the country's population were Bahraini, 813,300 (54%) were non-nationals.
     
    153
    Trinidad and Tobago 1,366,700 2020 Caribbean Central Statistical Office - CSO
      Note:
    The Republic of Trinidad and Tobago consists of two islands; it is the southernmost island country in the Caribbean, located off the northeast coast of Venezuela. The island population consists of 35.4% East Indians (descendants of Indian indentured laborers), 34.2% people of African descent, and 15.3% people with mixed origins. Most people are followers of a Christian religion; 18% of the population are Hindus and 5% Muslims.
     
    154
    Equatorial Guinea 1,356,000 2019 Central Africa UN estimate
    EG Statistical Office 
      Note:
    The small country on the west coast of Central Africa consists of five offshore islands in the Gulf of Guinea and a national territory on the African mainland between Cameroon and Gabon.
     
    155
    Estonia 1,324,000 2019 Northern Europe Official estimate
    Statistics Estonia
      Note:
    The smallest of the Baltic states.
     
    156
    Timor-Leste (East Timor) 1,293,000 2019 Australia/Oceania UN estimate
    TL Directorate of Statistics
      Note:
    East Timor is a country on the eastern part of the island of Timor, which is in the southern part of the Malay Archipelago.
     
    157
    Mauritius 1,266,000 2019 East Africa Statistics Mauritius
      Note:
    An island nation in the Indian Ocean, the popular tourist destination lies 900 km east of Madagascar. It is the country with the highest population density in Africa. The main religions are Hinduism (48%), Christianity (33%), and Islam (17%).
     
    158
    Swaziland 1,148,000 2019 Southern Africa UN estimate
    Swaziland Government website
      Note:
    Swaziland renamed Eswatini in 2018, is a landlocked country in southeast Africa bordered by South Africa and Mozambique.
     
    159
    Djibouti 988,000 2020 East Africa UN estimate
    Djibouti Government
      Note:
    A small country with a Somali (60%) and Afar (35%) population. Spoken languages are French, Arabic, Somali, and Afar. Djibouti is situated in Eastern Africa between Eritrea and Somalia, bordering the Gulf of Aden and the Red Sea.
     
    160
    Fiji 884,900 2017 Melanesia/Oceania Fiji Bureau of Statistics
      Note:
    Fiji is a mountainous island group of volcanic origin, situated in Melanesia in the South Pacific Ocean north of New Zealand and east of Australia.
     
    161
    Cyprus 875,900 2018 Middle East /Europe Official estimate
    Cyprus Statistical Service
      Note:
    The Republic of Cyprus is situated on the island of Cyprus in the eastern Mediterranean Sea south of Turkey. Geopolitically, the republic can be classified as falling within Europe, the Middle East, or both.
     
    162
    Réunion (France) 866.500 2019 East Africa Official estimate
    France statistics
      Note:
    Known previously as ?le Bourbon, an island and a French overseas department in the Indian Ocean, east of Madagascar.
     
    163
    Comoros 870,000 2020 East Africa UN estimate
     
      Note:
    An archipelago at the northern mouth of the Mozambique Channel with an Arabic and French-speaking Sunni Muslim population.
     
    164
    Guyana 783,000 2019 South America UN estimate
    Bureau of Statistics
      Note:
    Guyana is a country on South America's North Atlantic coast and the only country in South America with an English speaking population. Guyana's population consists of about 40% Indo-Guyanese (descendants of Indian indentured laborers) and 30% Afro-Guyanese (descendants of African slaves). Spoken languages are English (official), Guyanese Creole, Caribbean Hindustani, and Amerindian languages.
     
    165
    Bhutan 742,000 2019 South-Central Asia Official estimates
    Census 2017
    National Statistics Bureau
      Note:
    A small independent kingdom on the southeastern slopes of the eastern Himalaya Mountains. Its population consists of Ngalop people (50%), ethnic Nepali (35%), and some indigenous or migrant tribes (15%). Buddhism is the dominant religion (75%).
     
    166
    Macao 672.000 2019 Eastern Asia
    China
    Statistics and Census Service
      Note:
    The city is a Special Administrative Region of China (SAR); it is the most densely populated territory in the world. Chinese and Portuguese are official languages; even so, its population consists of 88% Chinese and 1% Portuguese.
     
    167
    Solomon Islands 642,000 2015 Melanesia/Oceania Solomon Islands National Statistics Office (SINSO)
      Note:
    An island group in the southwestern Pacific, east of New Guinea. Melanesian pidgin is the lingua franca. The main religion is Christianity.
     
    168
    Montenegro 622,000 2019 Southern Europe
    Balkan Peninsula
    Statistical Office of Montenegro
    Official estimates
      Note:
    A Balkan country on the Adriatic Sea to the north of Albania. Formerly one of the six constituent republics of Yugoslavia. 45% of its population are Montenegrins, 29% Serbians, 9% Bosniaks, and 5% Albanians.
     
    169
    Luxembourg 613,900 2019 Western Europe Statistics Portal Luxembourg
      Note:
    A small country between Belgium and Germany north of France with a high proportion of people with a foreign background.
     
    170
    Suriname 583,200 2017 South America Algemeen Bureau voor de Statistiek
      Note:
    Suriname is South America's least populated state. The formerly Dutch-ruled country has a population consisting mainly of descendants of African slaves, Asian Indians, and Dutch Europeans. The main languages are Dutch (official), and English (widely spoken).
     
    171
    Western Sahara 582,000 2019 North Africa UN estimate
    CIA World Fact Book  
      Note:
    A desert region and disputed territory on the Atlantic coast between Morocco and Mauritania. Approximately 70-75% of the area is under Moroccan control.
     
    --
    Wyoming State Flag
    Wyoming 578,000 2018 North America American FactFinder
      Note:
    In comparison: Wyoming is the least populated state in the US. If Wyoming were a nation state, it'd be ranked number 172 of the world's most populated countries.
     
    173
    Maldives 557,000 2020 South-Central Asia National Bureau of Statistics
      Note:
    The Maldives is the smallest nation in Asia by land area and Asia's least populated country, but it has a very high population density. The archipelago is situated between the Arabian and the Laccadive Sea southwest of India. The Maldives is an Islamic country. Spoken languages are Dhivehi and English, especially in the tourism industry.
     
    172
    Cape Verde 536,300 2019 West Africa Instituto Nacional de Estatística
      Note:
    Cabo Verde is an archipelago of volcanic origin in the Atlantic Ocean off the coast of Senegal. Half the nation's population lives on the main island Santiago. Spoken language is Crioulo, a Portuguese-based creole.
     
    174
    Malta 494,000 2019 Southern Europe National Statistics Office
      Note:
    The Republic of Malta is an island country in the Mediterranean Sea about 90 km south of Sicily. The two main islands are Malta and Gozo. The national language of Malta is Maltese.
     
    175
    Brunei 442,400 2018 Southeast Asia Brunei Statistical Office
      Note:
    One of the smallest nations in Asia (after Singapore and the Maldives). It is Asia's second-least populated country. Spoken language is Standard Malay. Islam is the official religion of Brunei.
     
    176
    Guadeloupe (France) 382,700 2019 Caribbean Official estimate
    Institut national de la statistique
      Note:
    Guadeloupe is an island in the Caribbean with a majority of Afro-Caribbean and mixed Creole population. The overseas region of France consists of the islands of Basse-Terre, Grande-Terre, Marie-Galante, La Désirade, and ?les des Saintes.
     
    177
    Bahamas 389,000 2019 Caribbean UN estimates
      Note:
    The Bahamas are an archipelago in the Atlantic Ocean consisting of 700-plus islands and over 2,000 islets and cays scattered over an area of more than 260,000 km2, southeast of Florida.
     
    178
    Belize 386,200 2019 Central America Statistical Institute
      Note:
    Belize is the most sparsely populated nation in Central America. The major ethnic groups are mestizos 53%, Creoles 26%, Maya 11%, and Garifuna people with an African ancestry 6%. Spoken languages are Belize Creole (Kriol) and English.
     
    179
    Martinique
    (France)
    364,300 2019 Caribbean Official estimate
    Institut national de la statistique
      Note:
    Martinique is an island in the Caribbean. The overseas region (région d'outre-mer or DROM) of France has a population mainly of people of African descent. The official language is French.
     
    180
    Iceland 356,000 2019 Northern Europe Statistics Iceland
      Note:
    Iceland is an island in the North Atlantic Ocean, just south of the Arctic Circle and the Greenland Sea. It is the most sparsely populated country in Europe, besides Finland and Greenland. Iceland's official language is Icelandic. Almost all Icelanders are Christians.
     
    181
    French Guiana (France) 296,700 2019 South America Official estimate
    Institut de la statistique
      Note:
    French Guiana is an overseas department and region of France on the northern Atlantic coast between Suriname and Brazil; it is the least populous country in South America.
     
    182
    Barbados 287,000 2019 Caribbean UN estimate
    Barbados Government
      Note:
    Barbados is an island in the Lesser Antilles east of St Vincent and the Grenadines. The island nation is an independent state and a Commonwealth realm. Head of State is the British monarch. The people of Barbados are predominantly black (92%) or mixed (3%). Spoken languages are English and Bajan Creole. Three-fourths of the people are Christians.
     
    183
    French Polynesia 278,000 2018 Polynesia/Oceania UN estimate
    Institut de la statistique
      Note:
    French Polynesia is an archipelago of 118 islands scattered over a vast area in the South Pacific Ocean; it is an overseas country of France. Best known island: Tahiti.
     
    184
    Vanuatu 272,000 2016 Melanesia/Oceania 2016 Census (.pdf)
    Vanuatu National Statistics
      Note:
    An archipelago of about 80 islands in the southwestern Pacific Ocean between Australia and Fiji.
     
    185
    Mayotte (France) 270,000 2019 East Africa Official estimate
    Institut de la statistique
      Note:
    An island and an overseas department of France located in the Indian Ocean, east of Comoros.
     
    186
    New Caledonia (France) 269,000 2014 Melanesia/Oceania Institut de la Statistique
      Note:
    New Caledonia is an island in the South Pacific, east of Australia and southwest of Vanuatu. The island is a French overseas territory.
     
    187
    Samoa 202,500 2020 Polynesia/Oceania Bureau of Statistics
      Note:
    Samoa is a group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean, about halfway between Hawaii and Australia.
     
    188
    S?o Tomé and Príncipe 202,000 2018 Central Africa Instituto Nacional de Estatística
      Note:
    African island nation near the equator with a Portuguese speaking population.
     
    189
    Saint Lucia 179,000 2018 Caribbean Department of Statistics
      Note:
    Caribbean island and an independent state within the Commonwealth of Nations since 1979.
     
    190
    Guam (USA) 168,000 2019 Micronesia/Oceania CIA WFB
    Tourism Website
      Note:
    U.S. island area in the Western Pacific in the middle of nowhere.
     
    191
    Cura?ao (Netherlands) 158,665 2019 Caribbean Centraal Bureau voor de Statistiek
      Note:
    One of the ABC islands, located in the southern Caribbean Sea, 65 km (40mi) north of the Venezuelan coast.
     
    192
    Kiribati 118,000 2019 Micronesia/Oceania UN estimate
      Note:
    The former Gilbert Islands in the Pacific Ocean were renamed Kiribati in 1979. The three island groups, the Gilbert Islands, the Line Islands, and the Phoenix Islands, are scattered over an area of about 3.5 million km2.
     
    193
    Grenada 112,000 2018 Caribbean UN estimate
    Grenada Government site
      Note:
    Island at the southern end of the Grenadines, an island chain in the Caribbean Sea northwest of Trinidad and Tobago.
     
    194
    Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 110,600 2019 Caribbean Statistical Office
      Note:
    A Lesser Antilles island chain between Saint Lucia and Grenada.
     
    195
    Tonga 108,000 2018 Polynesia/Oceania Government website
      Note:
    An archipelago of volcanic islands and low raised coral islands scattered over 700,000 sq km southeast of Fiji. Tonga is also known as the Friendly Islands.
     
    196
    U.S. Virgin Islands 107,000 2019 Caribbean CIA WFB
      Note:
    The Virgin Islands of the United States is the US portion of the Virgin Islands archipelago; the other part belongs to the British.
     
    197
    Aruba (Netherlands) 106,000 2019 Caribbean Central Bureau of Statistics
      Note:
    Aruba, one of the ABC islands, is a constituent country of the Netherlands situated about 30 km off the coast of Venezuela.
     
    198
    Federated States of Micronesia 104,500 2019 Micronesia/Oceania Federated States of Micronesia Office of Statistics
      Note:
    Island group in the North Pacific Ocean north of New Guinea and the Marshall Islands.
     

     

    Least Populated Countries
    Below are the least populated countries with a population of under 100,000 inhabitants.

    199
    Seychelles 97,625 2019 East Africa Seychelles in Figures 2019
    National Bureau of Statistics
      Note:
    An archipelago of 115 islands in the Indian Ocean and the smallest African nation. The country is also Africa's least populated sovereign nation.
     
    200
    Antigua and Barbuda 96,453 2019 Caribbean UN estimate
    Government website
      Note:
    The island state in the West Indies consists of the two islands Antigua and Barbuda, and some smaller islands. 97% of the population live on Antigua.
     
    201
    Andorra 76,500 2019 Southern Europe Departament d'Estadística
      Note:
    Andorra is a microstate in the Pyrenees mountains bordering France and Spain.
     
    202
    Dominica 74,000 2019 Caribbean Government website
      Note:
    The mountainous island nation in the Caribbean Sea is the northernmost of the Windward Islands.
     
    203
    Bermuda (UK) 72,000 2019 Caribbean Government website
      Note:
    Bermuda is a British overseas territory in the North Atlantic. The archipelago with a semi-tropical climate is located about 1,050 km (650 mi) east of the coast of North Carolina. 53.8% of the population is of African descent, 31% white, and 7.5% mixed.
     
    204
    Cayman Islands (UK) 64,000 2019 Caribbean Statistics Office
      Note:
    A British overseas territory south of Cuba consisting of the three islands Grand Cayman, Cayman Brac, and Little Cayman.
    205
    Greenland 56,081 2020 Northern Europe/North America Statistics Greenland
      Note:
    Greenland is the world's largest island and an autonomous country within Denmark (Danish Realm). It is also the least densely populated country in the world. The people of Greenland live exclusively in towns and settlements along the coast. About 60% of the population live in the five largest towns Nuuk, Sisimiut, Ilulissat, Aasiaat, and Qaqortoq.
     
    206
    Marshall Islands 55,500 2018 Micronesia/Oceania Statistics Office
      Note:
    The Marshall Islands are twenty-nine atolls and five isolated islands in the North Pacific Ocean, about halfway between Hawaii and the island of New Guinea. The population is of Micronesian origin. Marshallese is the main language.
     
    207
    Saint Kitts and Nevis 53,000 2019 Caribbean Official estimate
      Note:
    Saint Kitts and Nevis is the least populous sovereign country in the Caribbean.
     
    208
    Faroe Islands
    Denmark
    52,122 2019 Northern Europe Statistics Faroe Islands
      Note:
    The Faroe Islands consists of eighteen rocky, volcanic islands in the North Atlantic Ocean, 400 km north of Scotland. The archipelago is an autonomous country within the Kingdom of Denmark.
     
    209
    Northern Mariana Islands 52,000 2019 Micronesia/Oceania CIA World Fact Book
      Note:
    Fourteen islands in the North Pacific Ocean, including Saipan, Rota, and Tinian. One of two US territories with "commonwealth" status.
     
    210
    American Samoa 51,000 2019 Polynesia/Oceania CIA World Fact Book
      Note:
    American Samoa is an unincorporated territory of the United States.
     
    211
    Turks and Caicos Islands (UK) 41,400 2019 Caribbean Department of Statistics
      Note:
    A British Overseas Territory, until 1962, part of the UK's Jamaican colony. The territory consists of two island groups southeast of The Bahamas and to the north of Haiti.
     
    212 SXM Sint Maarten (Netherlands) 40,600 2018 Caribbean (Dutch part of the island of Saint Martin) Department of Statistics St. Maarten
    ST Maarten Government
      Note:
    The Dutch part of the island of Saint Martin. Cruise arrivals: 1.5 million people (in 2018)
     
    213
    Liechtenstein 38,380 2019 Western Europe Liechtenstein in Figures 2018
    Amt für Statistik
      Note:
    A small German-speaking landlocked principality between Austria and Switzerland.
     
    214
    Monaco 38,300 2018 Western Europe Official estimate
    Monaco Statistics
      Note:
    The city-state on the French Riviera is the most densely populated sovereign country in the world. (See also: Current World Population)
     
    215
    Saint Martin (France) 37,000 2018 Caribbean Official estimate
      Note:
    The French part of the Caribbean island of Saint Martin.
     
    216
    British Virgin Islands (UK) 36,000 2019 Caribbean BVI Statistic
      Note:
    A British Overseas Territory in the Caribbean east of Puerto Rico.
     
    217
    San Marino 33,500 2019 Southern Europe
    Italy Map
    San Marino Statistic Office
      Note:
    The Most Serene Republic of San Marino is a tiny nation surrounded by Italy. Spoken language is Italian.
     
    218
    Caribbean Netherlands
    (NL)
    25,000 2018 Caribbean Centraal Bureau voor de Statistiek
      Note:
    The Caribbean islands of Bonaire, Sint Eustatius, and Saba are special municipalities within the Netherlands. The population is mainly mixed black (85%), Carib Amerindian, white, and East Asian.
     
    219
    Palau 17,661 2015 Micronesia/Oceania Census 2015
    Government website
      Note:
    A Micronesian archipelago of over 500 islands in the western Pacific Ocean.
     
    220
    Anguilla (UK) 17,000 2019 Caribbean Government website
      Note:
    A British Overseas Territory in the Caribbean east of Puerto Rico.
     
    221
    Nauru 12,000 2019 Micronesia/Oceania Nauru Bureau of Statistics
      Note:
    A Micronesian island northeast of Australia, formerly known as the Pleasant Island.
     
    222
    Tuvalu 12,000 2012 Polynesia/Oceania UN estimate
    Central Statistics Department
      Note:
    Tuvalu is a Polynesian archipelago of nine main islands in the South Pacific, formerly known as the Ellice Islands.
     
    223
    Montserrat (UK) 4,649 2018 Caribbean 2018 census results (pdf)
    Government website
      Note:
    A volcanic island in the Caribbean. In July 1995, an estimated 8,000 people left the island (mainly to Britain) following the renewed volcanic activity; only some have returned.
     
    224
    Vatican City (Holy See)


    800 2019 Southern Europe
    Italy Map
    Official estimate
    State website
      Note:
    About 450 people have Vatican citizenship. It is the country with the highest share of foreign-born inhabitants: 100%. The smallest sovereign state in the world is also the country with the lowest fertility rate and a population growth rate of zero percent (according to official figures).
     
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    More about population:

     Current World Population
    Demographic Data for Continents and Regions of the World.

     Global Village, a Summary of the World
    Earth as a village of precisely 100 people.

    Population by Continents:
    Africa The Americas Asia Australia/Oceania Europe

    Most populated cities of the world

    Related Categories:
    Countries by Area

    US States by area
    A list of the 50 US States by area size.
     

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