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    Home  Earth  Continents Countries Press Freedom Index 2016

    ___Worldwide Press Freedom Index 2016

    World Map of Press Freedom
    World Map of Press Freedom
    Image: Reporters Without Borders
     
    Since 2002 Reporters Without Borders is publishing annually a worldwide index of countries according to their respect for press freedom.

    Freedom of information is an extension of freedom of speech, a fundamental human right recognized in international laws.


    How the Index is compiled

    The degree of freedom available to journalists in 180 countries is determined by pooling the responses of experts to a questionnaire devised by Reporters Without Borders.

    This qualitative analysis is combined with quantitative data on abuses and acts of violence against journalists during the period evaluated.
    Reporters Without Borders compiled this list of 180 countries by asking its partner organizations and its network of correspondents, as well as journalists, researchers, legal experts and human rights activists, to answer questions designed to assess a country's level of press freedom.

    On the top and the bottom of the list was not much change compared to the years before.

    TOP: Seven European countries, one from the southwestern Pacific (New Zealand) and two from the Americas, Costa Rica and Jamaica.

    The United States is ranked 41, but accusations made by the President of the United States Donald Trump, that the media is the enemy of the American People, is a serious blow in the face of the freedom of the press. Those accusations made by the 'Leader of the Free World' is more than worrisome.

    BOTTOM: Countries at the bottom of the list are those who are even more paranoid about freedom of opinion and freedom of the press, they are using censorship to suppress information and harassment, persecution and imprisonment of journalists to a great extent. State control of domestic media, and internet control are their favored means. These countries fear the "fourth estate", the power behind the media and the information they might provide to the public.

    Eritrea (180 ), North Korea (179), Turkmenistan (178), Syria (177), China (176), Vietnam (175), Sudan (174), Laos (173), Djibouti (172), and Cuba (171).

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    Four of these countries are top tourist destinations, China, Vietnam, Laos, and Cuba (by the way all of them communist countries) but most visitors are not aware or they don't care about the violation of freedom of opinion and press freedom in those countries.

    Gainers and Losers
    Tunisia (96) climbed 30 places in the ranking, Sri Lanka (141) rose 24, Ukraine (107) gained 22 places, Costa Rica (6) gained 10, Switzerland (7) gained 13, Samoa (29) went up 11 places, Chile (31) gained 12, and Fiji (80) climbed 13 ranks.

    Two countries ranking decreased 34 places, Tajikistan for stepping up pressure on the remaining independent media, and Brunei Darussalam for forced self-censorship on politics and religion.
    Canada was downgraded 10 ranks because under former PM Stephen Harper reporters were forbidden from asking the prime minister unscheduled questions. Poland lost 29, for the country's new media law basically transformed public media into State media.

     
    # Flag Country Underlying situation score 2016 Abuse score 2016 Overall Score 2016 Rank
    2015
    Score 2015 Progression Rank Rank
    +/-
    1
    Finland 8,59 8,59   1 7,52 0 =
    2
    Netherlands 8,76 8,76   4 9,22 2 up-one
    3
    Norway 8,79 8,79   2 7,75 -1 down-one
    4
    Denmark 8,89 8,89   3 8,24 -1 down-one
    5
    New Zealand 10,01 10,01   6 10,06 1 up-one
    6
    Costa Rica 11,10 11,10   16 12,26 10 up
    7
    Switzerland 11,76 11,76   20 13,85 13 up
    8
    Sweden 12,33 12,33   5 9,47 -3 down-one
    9
    Ireland 12,40 12,40   11 11,20 2 up-one
    10
    Jamaica 12,45 12,45   9 11,18 -1 down-one
    11
    Austria 13,18 13,18   7 10,85 -4 down-one
    12
    Slovakia 13,26 13,26   14 11,66 2 up-one
    13
    Belgium 14,18 13,86 14,18 15 11,98 2 up-one
    14
    Estonia 14,31 14,31   10 11,19 -4 down-one
    15
    Luxembourg 14,43 14,43   19 13,61 4 up-one
    16
    Germany 9,21 37,14 14,80 12 11,47 -4 down-one
    17
    Namibia 15,15 6,93 15,15 17 12,50 0 =
    18
    Canada 15,26 15,26   8 10,99 -10 down-two
    19
    Iceland 15,30 15,30   21 13,87 2 up-one
    20
    Uruguay 15,88 15,88   23 15,94 3 up-one
    21
    Czech Republic 16,66 16,66   13 11,62 -8 down-one
    22
    Suriname 16,70 16,70   29 18,20 7 up-one
    23
    Portugal 17,27 17,27   26 17,11 3 up-one
    24
    Latvia 17,38 17,38   28 18,12 4 up-one
    25
    Australia 17,84 6,93 17,84 25 17,03 0 =
    26
    Ghana 17,95 6,93 17,95 22 15,50 -4 down-one
    27
    Cyprus 18,26 18,26   24 16,52 -3 down-one
    28
    Liechtenstein 18,36 18,36   27 17,67 -1 down-one
    29
    Samoa 18,80 18,80   40 22,32 11 up
    30
     
    OECS* 18,91 18,91   37 21,02 7 up-one
    31
    Chile 19,23 19,23   43 23,00 12 up
    32
    Cape Verde 19,82 19,82   36 20,69 4 up-one
    33
    Andorra 19,87 19,87   32 19,87 -1 down-one
    34
    Spain 19,92 6,93 19,92 33 19,95 -1 down-one
    35
    Lithuania 19,95 19,95   31 18,80 -4 down-one
    36
    Belize 20,61 20,61   30 18,54 -6 down-one
    37
    Tonga 21,24 21,24   44 23,37 7 up-one
    38
    United Kingdom 21,70 21,70   34 20,00 -4 down-one
    39
    South Africa 21,92 16,09 21,92 39 22,06 0 =
    40
    Slovenia 22,26 22,26   35 20,55 -5 down-one
    41
    United States 22,49 13,86 22,49 49 24,41 8 up-one
    42
    Burkina Faso 21,37 27,08 22,66 46 23,79 4 up-one
    43
    Botswana 22,91 22,91   42 22,91 -1 down-one
    44
    Trinidad and Tobago 23,29 23,29   41 22,39 -3 down-one
    45
    France 13,31 65,89 23,83 38 21,15 -7 down-one
    46
    Malta 23,84 23,84   48 24,16 2 up-one
    47
    Poland 18,56 45,22 23,89 18 12,71 -29 down-two
    48
    Mauritania 24,03 45,11 24,03 55 25,27 7 up-one
    49
    Romania 24,29 17,92 24,29 52 24,90 3 up-one
    50
    Comoros 24,33 24,33   50 24,52 0 =
    51
    Taiwan 24,37 24,37   51 24,83 0 =
    52
    Niger 24,01 27,08 24,62 47 23,85 -5 down-one
    53
    Haiti 24,66 24,66   53 25,08 0 =
    54
    Argentina 25,09 13,86 25,09 57 26,11 3 up-one
    55
    Papua New Guinea 25,81 6,93 25,81 56 25,87 1 up-one
    56
    Madagascar 27,04 17,92 27,04 64 27,43 8 up-one
    57
    Guyana 27,07 27,07   62 27,21 5 up-one
    58
    El Salvador 27,20 24,85 27,20 45 23,66 -13 down-two
    59
    Serbia 26,66 31,35 27,60 67 27,66 8 up-one
    60
    Mongolia 27,61 6,93 27,61 54 25,25 -6 down-one
    61
    Mauritius 27,69 27,69   68 27,69 7 up-one
    62
    Dominican Republic 27,90 27,90   63 27,31 1 up-one
    63
    Croatia 25,54 37,38 27,91 58 26,12 -5 down-one
    64
    Georgia 27,96 6,93 27,96 69 27,70 5 up-one
    65
    Senegal 27,99 17,92 27,99 71 27,77 6 up-one
    66
    Malawi 28,12 28,12   59 26,41 -7 down-one
    67
    Hungary 28,17 6,93 28,17 65 27,44 -2 down-one
    68
    Bosnia and Herzegovina 28,45 17,92 28,45 66 27,51 -2 down-one
    69
    Hong Kong 28,50 28,50   70 27,76 1 up-one
    70
    South Korea 28,58 28,58   60 26,55 -10 down-two
    71
    Tanzania 28,65 28,65   75 28,09 4 up-one
    72
    Japan 28,67 28,67   61 26,95 -11 down-two
    73
    Lesotho 28,78 28,78   77 28,36 4 up-one
    74
    Armenia 27,57 33,67 28,79 78 28,43 4 up-one
    75
    Nicaragua 28,82 28,82   74 27,94 -1 down-one
    76
    Moldova 28,83 6,93 28,83 72 27,85 -4 down-one
    77
    Italy 26,59 38,29 28,93 73 27,94 -4 down-one
    78
    Benin 28,97 28,97   84 29,24 6 up-one
    79
    Guinea-Bissau 29,03 29,03   81 28,70 2 up-one
    80
    Fiji 29,37 29,37   93 31,28 13 up
    81   Cyprus North 29,54 29,54   76 28,33 -5 down-one
    82
    Albania 29,92 23,03 29,92 82 28,77 0 =
    83
    Sierra Leone 29,94 10,99 29,94 79 28,47 -4 down-one
    84
    Peru 25,34 48,60 29,99 92 31,21 8 up-one
    85
    Kyrgyzstan 30,16 29,96 30,16 88 30,69 3 up-one
    86
    Ivory Coast 30,17 17,92 30,17 86 30,45 0 =
    87
    Mozambique 26,51 45,22 30,25 85 29,98 -2 down-one
    88
    Togo 30,31 30,31   80 28,50 -8 down-one
    89
    Greece 30,35 25,65 30,35 91 31,01 2 up-one
    90   Kosovo 26,87 45,00 30,50 87 30,63 -3 down-one
    91
    Panama 30,59 30,59   83 28,98 -8 down-one
    92
    Seychelles 30,60 30,60   96 31,55 4 up-one
    93
    Liberia 30,71 30,71   89 30,78 -4 down-one
    94
    Bhutan 30,73 30,73   104 32,65 10 up
    95
    Kenya 27,51 45,75 31,16 100 32,07 5 up-one
    96
    Tunisia 31,60 27,73 31,60 126 38,68 30 up
    97
    Bolivia 31,78 21,97 31,78 94 31,29 -3 down-one
    98
    Lebanon 31,89 32,19 31,95 98 31,81 0 =
    99
    East Timor 32,02 32,02   103 32,63 4 up-one
    100
    Gabon 32,20 32,20   95 31,38 -5 down-one
    101
    Israel 29,71 44,05 32,58 101 32,09 0 =
    102
    Uganda 32,58 31,35 32,58 97 31,65 -5 down-one
    103
    Kuwait 31,78 35,84 32,59 90 30,84 -13 down-two
    104
    Brazil 25,78 59,96 32,62 99 31,93 -5 down-one
    105
    Nepal 32,62 31,35 32,62 105 32,71 0 =
    106
    Montenegro 32,79 30,45 32,79 114 34,63 8 up-one
    107
    Ukraine 27,21 55,80 32,93 129 39,10 22 up
    108
    Guinea 33,08 27,08 33,08 102 32,56 -6 down-one
    109
    Ecuador 33,21 27,73 33,21 108 33,65 -1 down-one
    110
    Central African Republic 33,60 23,03 33,60 110 33,84 0 =
    111
    Paraguay 33,63 33,63   109 33,74 -2 down-one
    112
    Maldives 34,17 20,79 34,17 112 34,32 0 =
    113
    Bulgaria 34,46 16,09 34,46 106 32,91 -7 down-one
    114
    Zambia 35,08 31,35 35,08 113 34,35 -1 down-one
    115
    Congo-Brazzaville 31,02 55,13 35,84 107 33,00 -8 down-one
    116
    Nigeria 31,65 52,93 35,90 111 34,09 -5 down-one
    117
    Qatar 35,97 6,93 35,97 115 35,35 -2 down-one
    118
    Macedonia 36,09 23,98 36,09 117 36,26 -1 down-one
    119
    United Arab Emirates 36,73 36,73   120 36,73 1 up-one
    120
    Afghanistan 33,25 55,76 37,75 122 37,44 2 up-one
    121
    Guatemala 33,79 54,97 38,03 124 37,92 3 up-one
    122
    Mali 39,83 45,11 39,83 118 36,33 -4 down-one
    123
    Angola 39,89 16,09 39,89 123 37,84 0 =
    124
    Zimbabwe 40,41 26,39 40,41 131 39,19 7 up-one
    125
    Oman 40,43 31,35 40,43 127 38,83 2 up-one
    126
    Cameroon 40,53 23,98 40,53 133 39,63 7 up-one
    127
    Chad 40,59 17,92 40,59 135 40,17 8 up-one
    128
    Cambodia 40,70 16,09 40,70 139 40,99 11 up
    129
    Algeria 41,69 29,44 41,69 119 36,63 -10 down-two
    130
    Indonesia 41,72 16,09 41,72 138 40,75 8 up-one
    131
    Morocco 42,64 29,96 42,64 130 39,19 -1 down-one
    132
    Palestine 38,55 60,45 42,93 140 41,01 8 up-one
    133
    India 37,89 64,28 43,17 136 40,49 3 up-one
    134
    Colombia 40,90 56,97 44,11 128 39,08 -6 down-one
    135
    Jordan 44,49 20,79 44,49 143 42,07 8 up-one
    136
    Thailand 43,15 50,04 44,53 134 40,07 -2 down-one
    137
    Honduras 39,15 66,50 44,62 132 39,27 -5 down-one
    138
    Philippines 40,05 63,10 44,66 141 41,19 3 up-one
    139
    Venezuela 44,77 32,19 44,77 137 40,61 -2 down-one
    140
    South Sudan 40,32 52,42 44,87 125 38,04 -15 down-two
    141
    Sri Lanka 44,34 47,45 44,96 165 60,28 24 up
    142
    Ethiopia 41,35 60,26 45,13 142 41,83 0 =
    143
    Myanmar 44,23 50,50 45,48 144 42,08 1 up-one
    144
    Bangladesh 42,96 57,84 45,94 146 42,95 2 up-one
    145
    Gambia 46,43 46,96 46,53 151 44,50 6 up-one
    146
    Malaysia 46,57 19,46 46,57 147 43,29 1 up-one
    147
    Pakistan 46,91 54,97 48,52 159 50,46 12 up
    148
    Russian Federation 48,53 51,06 49,03 152 44,97 4 up-one
    149
    Mexico 44,52 66,46 49,33 148 43,69 -1 down-one
    150
    Tajikistan 50,34 13,86 50,34 116 36,19 -34 down-two
    151
    Turkey 47,97 61,92 50,76 149 44,16 -2 down-one
    152
    Congo-Kinshasa 50,97 13,86 50,97 150 44,31 -2 down-one
    153
    Swaziland 52,37 52,37   155 47,28 2 up-one
    154
    Singapore 52,96 52,96   153 45,87 -1 down-one
    155
    Brunei 53,85 53,85   121 36,76 -34 down-two
    156
    Burundi 53,23 57,59 54,10 145 42,93 -11 down-two
    157
    Belarus 54,32 28,90 54,32 157 47,98 0 =
    158
    Iraq 49,45 73,94 54,35 156 47,76 -2 down-one
    159
    Egypt 52,29 63,06 54,45 158 50,17 -1 down-one
    160
    Kazakhstan 54,55 37,84 54,55 160 53,46 0 =
    161
    Rwanda 54,61 54,61   161 56,57 0 =
    162
    Bahrain 53,61 59,84 54,86 163 58,69 1 up-one
    163
    Azerbaijan 56,02 65,37 57,89 162 58,41 -1 down-one
    164
    Libya 55,44 67,72 57,89 154 45,99 -10 down-two
    165
    Saudi Arabia 59,72 57,20 59,72 164 59,41 -1 down-one
    166
    Uzbekistan 59,68 67,00 61,15 166 61,14 0 =
    167
    Somalia 65,35 60,26 65,35 172 72,31 5 up-one
    168
    Equatorial Guinea 66,47 66,47   167 66,23 -1 down-one
    169
    Iran 64,91 73,00 66,52 173 72,32 4 up-one
    170
    Yemen 65,37 73,88 67,07 168 66,36 -2 down-one
    171
    Cuba 70,23 47,10 70,23 169 70,21 -2 down-one
    172
    Djibouti 70,90 70,90   170 71,04 -2 down-one
    173
    Laos 71,58 56,42 71,58 171 71,25 -2 down-one
    174
    Sudan 72,53 24,85 72,53 174 72,34 0 =
    175
    Vietnam 74,27 66,81 74,27 175 72,63 0 =
    176
    China 78,59 90,44 80,96 176 73,55 0 =
    177
    Syria 80,60 84,36 81,35 177 77,29 0 =
    178
    Turkmenistan 83,44 29,44 83,44 178 80,83 0 =
    179
    North Korea 83,76 55,95 83,76 179 83,25 0 =
    180
    Eritrea 83,92 74,24 83,92 180 84,86 0 =

    * Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States

    Source: Reporters Without Borders
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    External Links:
    Reporters Without Borders
    Official website of the non-profit organization.

    Freedom House - Freedom of the Press 2016
    Freedom House annual report on freedom of the press.

    OAS - Organization of American States
    OAS on Information and Democracy.
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