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    ___ Thailand

    Central Bangkok at Chao Phraya River.
    Thailand's new temples? Residential towers in Central Bangkok at Chao Phraya River.
    Image: nationsonline.org
     
    Flag of Thailand
    Flag of Thailand
    Location map of Thailand. Where in Asia is Thailand?
    Location map of Thailand
    Discover Thailand, the Kingdom in Southeast Asia. The country is bordered in west and northwest by Myanmar (Burma), in south west by the Andaman Sea, in east and north east by Lao PDR, in south east by Cambodia, in south by the Gulf of Thailand (an inlet of the South China Sea), and by Malaysia. In south the country occupies a part of the Malay Peninsula.

    Thailand covers an area of 513,120 km2, the country is just slightly larger than Spain or slightly more than twice the size of the U.S. state of Wyoming. Until 1939 the country was known as Siam.

    The Kingdom has a population of 68 million people, by far the largest city is Bangkok, the national capital with estimated 12 million citizens. Spoken language is Thai.

    Adventure Thailand - the Land of Smiles, this is a virtual guide to "Muang Thai" - often translated as the "Land of the Free", as the Thais call their country. Despite the fact that Thailand was governed by martial law until March 2015, after a military coup in May 2014. The Royal Thai Armed Forces dissolved the elected caretaker government, likewise the senate, repealed the constitution, and established a military junta. Amazing Thailand!

    On 13 October 2016 His Majesty King Bhumibol Adulyadej died, he was the ninth monarch of Thailand from the Chakri Dynasty. On 1 December 2016 Crown Prince Maha Vajiralongkorn was appointed as the new King of Thailand.


    Kingdom of Thailand | Muang Thai | ?????????


    Country Profile



    Background:
    Siam, "the land of the White Elephant" or the country of Muang Thai (Land of the Free).

    The Thais have their own culture (including literature, drama, architecture, music, painting, sculpture, folk dances, and many handicrafts), their own language, their own cuisine, their own martial arts, and their own beliefs, with influences from China and India.

    After the short-lived kingdom of Sukhothai founded in 1238, a unified Thai kingdom (Ayutthaya) was established in the mid-14th century; it was known as Siam until 1939. Thailand is the only southeast Asian country never have been taken over by a European power.

    A bloodless revolution in 1932 led to a constitutional monarchy. In alliance with Japan during World War II, Thailand became a US ally following the conflict.

     

    Official Name:
    Muang T'hai; Prathet T'hai
    Int'l long form: Kingdom of Thailand
    Int'l short form: Thailand
    Formerly: Siam

    ISO Country Code: th, tha

    Actual Time: Wed-Nov-11  22:16
    Local Time = UTC +7
    Thailand does not operate Daylight-Saving Time.

    Country Calling Code: +66

    Capital City: Bangkok
    (in Thai: Krung Thep; pop. 10 million est.)

    Other Cities:
    Nakhon Ratchasima (2.5 million), Chiangmai (1.6 million), Songkla (1.2 million).

    Government:
    Type: Constitutional monarchy.
    Constitution: New constitution promulgated 11 October 1997.
    Independence: Never colonized; traditional founding date 1238.

    Geography:
    Location: Southeastern Asia mainland, bordering the Andaman Sea (West) and the Gulf of Thailand (East), southeast of Burma (Myanmar)
    Area: 513,115 km² (198,114 sq. mi.)
    Terrain: Densely populated central plain; northeastern plateau; mountain range in the west; southern isthmus joins the land mass with Malaysia.

    Climate:
    Thailand is a warm and rather humid tropical country with monsoonal climate. Seasons--Dry: March to May, Rainy: June to October, Cool: November to February.

    People:
    Nationality: Noun and adjective--Thai(s)
    Population: 68 million (2015)
    Ethnic groups: Thai 89%, other 11%.
    Religions: Theravada Buddhist 95%, Muslim 4%, Christian, Hindu, other
    Languages: Thai (official language); English is the second language of the elite; regional dialects.
    Education: Literacy: 96% male, 92% female.

    Natural resources:
    Tin, rubber, natural gas, tungsten, tantalum, timber, lead, gypsum, lignite, fluorite; fish, arable land.

    Agriculture products:
    Rice, cassava (tapioca), rubber, corn, sugarcane, coconuts, soybeans.

    Industries:
    Tourism, textiles and garments, agricultural processing, beverages, tobacco, cement, light manufacturing such as jewelry, electric appliances and components, computers and parts, integrated circuits, furniture, plastics, world's second-largest tungsten producer, and third-largest tin producer.

    Exports - commodities: electronics, computer parts, automobiles and parts, electrical appliances, machinery and equipment, textiles and footwear, fishery products, rice, rubber

    Exports - partners: US 11.2%, China 11.1%, Japan 9.4%, Hong Kong 5.5%, Malaysia 4.8%, Australia 4.6%, Vietnam 4.2%, Singapore 4.1% (2015)

    Imports - commodities: capital goods, intermediate goods and raw materials, consumer goods, fuels

    Imports - partners: China 20.3%, Japan 15.4%, US 6.9%, Malaysia 5.9%, UAE 4% (2015)

    Currency:
    Baht (THB)

    Thailand in numbers
    Thailand statistical key figures.

     

    Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

    Official Sites of Thailand

    royal  Office of His Majesty's Principal Private Secretary
    Official website of the Thai Monarchy.

    The Royal Court of Thailand
    His Majesty King Bhumibol Adulyadej's Golden Jubilee Home Page.
    Palaces of the King
    The residences of King Bhumibol.


    Royal Thai Government
    The Office of the Prime Minister.

    Thai Parliament
    The Thai National Assembly - National Reform Steering Assembly.

    Thailand e-government
    Office of Electronic Government. (in Thai)


    Ministry of Foreign Affairs
    The site offers an overview of the country and information
    on regulations for foreign visitors to Thailand.

    Thailand's Visa Information
    Information for visitors to Thailand.


    More Official Websites:
     Ministries of the Kingdom of Thailand
    List of Thailand's National Government Agencies and Ministries.

    Diplomatic Missions
    Royal Thai Embassy
    Washington D.C.
    Foreign Missions in Thailand
    Addresslist of Foreign Diplomatic Missions.
    Thailand's Missions Abroad
    List of Thai Embassies and Consulates abroad.


    Statistics
    National Statistical Office
    Responsible for country's statistical activities including
    the collection and compilation, disemination of basic statistical data.

     Thailand in Figures
    Thailand statistical key figures.  

    Weather
    Thai Meteorological Department
    The official Thai weather.


    Maps of Thailand

    Map of Thailand
    Political Map of Thailand.
    Region Map of Thailand
    Map showing Thailand and the surrounding countries with international borders,
    the regions of Thailand, major cities, expressways, and major airports.

    Google Earth Google Map Thailand
    Searchable map/satellite view of Thailand.
    Google Earth Google Map Bangkok
    Searchable map/satellite view of Thailand's capital city.
    Google Earth Google Map Chiangmai
    Searchable map/satellite view of the "Northern Capital".
    Google Earth Google Map Phuket
    Searchable map/satellite view of Thailand's biggest island.

    Map of Southeast Asia
    Map of the Southeast Asia region.
    profile Map of Asia
    Reference Map of Asia.
     

    Thai News


    Bangkok Post
    One of Thailand's leading English language newspaper.
    Bussiness Day
    Thailand's only business newspaper in English.
    Thai News Agency (TNA)
    Thailand related news.
    The Nation
    Online News & Information Service in English.

    Thai News in Thai:
    Dailynews
    National and international news. (in Thai)
    Thairath
    Asian and national news.

    International News Sources
    BBC News Country Profile: Thailand
    With links to Thailand related news and background information.


    Human Rights
    Thomson Reuters Foundation
    Reuters news covers the world’s under-reported stories.
    Amnesty International Thailand
    Amnesty International Reports.
    Human Rights Watch: Thailand
    Background Briefings.

    Press freedom
    Reporters sans frontières - Thailand
    Report about Press freedom in the country.


    Wat Arun, Bangkok, the Thai capital
    Chao Phraya river with Wat Arun in background, Bangkok.
    Image: nationsonline.org
     

    Bookmark/share this page
    Instagram


     

    Arts & Culture


    The Fine Arts Department
    Responsible for cultural heritage and artistic creation.
    Bangsai Arts and Crafts Centre
    Arts and culture Thai style.
    Khon Masks of Thailand
    Khon masks comprise part of the costume of performers of the classical dance-drama.
    National Library of Thailand (NLT)
    The site provides information about the institution's history, organisation, services, and online catalogs. National Library of Thailand is located in Bangkok.
    The Siam Society
    Established in 1904, under Royal Patronage, as an organization for those interested in the artistic, scientific, and cultural affairs of Thailand and neighboring countries.
    Thai Classical Dance
    The Rituals and Traditions of Thai classical dance.
    Thai Cuisine
    Regional Food with recipes.
    Vegetarian Thai Cuisine
    Site with information about Kin Jay, the Thai variant of vegetarian food.
    Thaisilk
    Wikipedia page about the traditional handicraft and art of silk weaving in Thailand.

    Festivals
     Chinese New Year Bangkok
    Images of street scenes, Chinese temples, people and places in Bangkok's Chinatown by Valeska Gehrmann.
    Loi Krathong Festival
    A festival celebrated nationwide in Thailand, the floating of a ‘Krathong' – a banana–leaf cup – is intended to float away ill fortune.
    The River of King
    One of Thailand's grandest spectacles, the Royal Barge Procession on Chao Phraya River.
    Songkran
    Site about the Songkran, Thailand's New Year and Water Festival.


    Worldfilm Festival of Bangkok
    Annual Worldfilm Festival Bangkok, with mostly Asian contemporary films.

    Museum
    Rama IX Art Museum Foundation
    Contemporary and modern Thai art.


    Native
    indigenous peoples The Karens (Ka-rans)
    Indigenous people of the southeast Asian countries of Thailand and Burma.

    Sports
    Muaythai
    Muaythai & Boxing Sports Magazine (Muay Thai - Thai Kick Boxing, the national sport.)
     
    Thai Classical Dancing
    Thai Classical Dance
    © tourismthailand.org

    Ramakien mural Wat Po
    Ramakien mural in Wat Po, Bangkok.
    Image: nationsonline.org

    Business & Economy

    Thailand has a well-developed infrastructure, okay kind of, a free-enterprise economy, generally pro-investment policies, and strong export industries. Thailand achieved steady growth due largely to industrial and agriculture exports - mostly electronics, agricultural commodities, automobiles and parts, and processed foods. Unemployment is less than 1%, with a nation-wide 300 baht ($9) per day minimum wage. The Thai economy has weathered internal and external economic shocks in recent years. The global economic recession severely cut Thailand's exports, with most sectors experiencing double-digit drops. In late 2011 Thailand's recovery was interrupted by historic flooding in the industrial areas in Bangkok and its five surrounding provinces, crippling the manufacturing sector.

    Bank of Thailand
    Central Bank of Thailand.

    The Stock Exchange of Thailand

    Ministry of Energy

    Ministry of Industry

     List of State Enterprises of the Kingdom of Thailand
    List of Thailand's State Enterprises.

     Thailand in Figures
    Thailand statistical key figures.

    Thai Chamber of Commerce
    The Thai Chamber of Commerce and Board of Trade of Thailand (Bangkok).
    Thai Board of Investment (BOI)
    Thai Investment and business information.
    The Federation of Thai Industries (FTI)
    The Gem and Jewelry Institute of Thailand
    The leading institute in the development and promotion of the country's gem and jewelry industry.
    Thailand Business Pages
    Thai Industry, Companies, Products.
    Thaitrade - Department of export promotion
    Thai Exports
    Trade and Export information.

    __Transportation


    Airlines

    Thai Airways
    Thai Airways is the national flag carrier airline of Thailand.

    Bangkok Airways
    Domestic flights.

    Nok Air
    Thai regional low-cost airline. Nok Air serves the largest number of domestic routes within the country.

    Thai Smile Airways
    Thai Smile is a Thai budget airline and a subsidiary of Thai Airways International.

    Thai AirAsia
    Thai AirAsia is a joint venture between AirAsia and Thailand's Asia Aviation. The customer service will be provided by AirAsia.

    AirAsia X
    Thai AirAsia X is Thailand's first long-haul low-cost airline.

    Thai Lion Air
    Thai Lion Air is a Thai budget airline and a subsidiary of the Indonesian Lion Air.

    Thai Vietjet Air

    Thai Vietjet Air is a Thai low cost carrier and a holding company of the Vietnamese airline VietJet Air.


    __Railroad
    State Railway of Thailand
    Official website of the State Railway of Thailand.
     
     
    View of mountainous Ko Chang (Elephant Island), Gulf of Thailand
    Mountainous Ko Chang (Elephant Island) in the Gulf of Thailand. The island is known for several waterfalls, thriving coral reefs, and hiking trails in its rainforests.
    Image: nationsonline.org

    Travel and Tour Consumer Information


    Destination Thailand - Travel and Tour Guides


    Discover Thailand: Ayutthaya, Bangkok, Muang Boran, Cha-Am (Muang Phetch), Chiang Mai, Chiang Rai, Chon Buri, Hat Yai, Hua Hin, Isaan, Kanchanaburi, Khao Lak, Khon Kaen, Krabi, Khorat, Lanna, Nong Khai, Krabi, Pattaya, Phang-Nga, Ranong, Satun, Sukhothai, Trang, Ubon Ratchathani, the Golden Triangle.
    Islands: Ko Chang, Koh Phangan and Koh Tao, Koh Samui, Koh Phi Phi, Phuket.
    Accommodation, hotels, attractions, festivals, events, tourist boards, adventure, islands, for more information see the links below.


    TourismThailand.Org
    The Official Website for Tourism in Thailand with comprehensive country information.

    Tourism Authority of Thailand
    The Newsroom of the Tourism Authority of Thailand features news and information on Thai tourism, events in Thailand, Thai culture, cuisine, art, and way of life.

    Thailand Today
    Official website, designed and developed by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs to serve as a one-stop source of comprehensive and reliable facts and information about Thailand.

    Thailand Grand Festival
    Tourism Authority calender of Thai Festivals plus Travel Guides, Stories & Trips.

    Thailander
    An information source for and about Thailand.

     Muang Boran
    The Ancient City - meet the past of Muang Thai.
    Sacred Sites in Thailand
    Spiritual travel to sacred sites, temples and healers in Thailand.
    Sawadee.com
    Tourism portal with extensive information on Thailand's major tourist destinations, tourist attractions, islands, people, hotels and resorts accommodation.
    Thailander.com
    Thai portal site with travel and tourism information.

    Hotels
    Hotels in Thailand
    Find a Hotel in Thailand.


    Do's and Don'ts
    Facts for Travelers
    Some specific do's and don'ts worth pointing out.
    Do's and Don'ts in Thailand
    Some special advice by the Tourism Authority.

    Tour Operators
    Pleasure Holiday Tour
    Bangkok based tour and travel company.
     
     

    Education and Research

    Bangkok is Thailand's center of culture and education. The city is the seat of six major universities: Chulalongkorn, Thammasat, Silpakorn, Kasetsart, Mahidol, and the Asian Institute of Technology (1959).

    Bangkok
    Asian Institute of Technology (?????????????????????????)
    Technical university,and an international institution for higher education in engineering, advanced technologies, and management and planning.

    Assumption University
    Frst international university of Thailand, AU is led by the Brothers of St. Gabriel - founded in 1969.

    Chulalongkorn University
    Thailand's first institution of higher learning - founded in 1917.

    Kasetsart University
    Known as Kaset University is a top-ranked Public University in Thailand, it was founded in 1943.
    Kasetsart University (english version)

    Mahidol University
    Mahidol University, the public research university originated from the first institution of higher learning in Thailand.

    Thammasat University
    Thailand's second oldest university - founded in 1934. Thammasat has often been involved in Thai national politics. Its campus was the site of the 14 October 1973 uprising and the 6 October 1976 Massacre.

    Silpakorn University
    Leading Thai university in the fine arts and archaeology.


    Chiang Mai
    Chiang Mai University
    Chiang Mai, founded in 1964.
    Maejo University
    Chiang Mai - founded in 1934.


    Space Research
    Geo-Informatics and Space Technology Development Agency (GISTDA)
    GISTDA is Thailand's public organization in space technology and geo-informatics.
    GISTDA in English

    Theos Pilot Project
    Thailand Earth Observation System, has been launched its geo data satellite on 1 October 2008.
     
     

    Environment & Nature

    Thailand Environment Institute
    Non-profit organization focusing on environmental issues.
    Elephant Reintroduction Foundation
    A project to reintroduce domestic elephants back into the wild.
    Plant Genetics Conservation Project
    A project to classify and protect plant genetics.
     
     

    History

    History of Thailand
    Thailand's History from the early kingdoms until today, plus links to additional information about the history of Thailand.
     
     

    Language

    The official language of Thailand is the Thai language, it is a Tai-Kadai language, closely related to the Lao language and the Shan language in Burma (Myanmar), and numerous smaller languages spoken in the area from Hainan and Yunnan south to the Malaysian border. It is the principal language of education and government and spoken throughout the country. The standard is based on the dialect of the Central Thai people, and it is written in Thai alphabet.

    thai-language.com
    The site offers English speakers a high-quality non-commercial Thai language resource with discussion forums, dictionary, and learning materials support. Very useful.
     
     

    Search

    Open Directory Project: Thailand
    DMOZ's Thailand directory.


    Sources and additional information on Thailand


    Amnesty International: Thailand
    BBC Country Profile: Thailand
    British Foreign & Commonwealth Office (FCO): Thailand
    FAO: Thailand
    GlobalEDGE: Thailand
    The Heritage Foundation: Thailand
    Human Development Reports (HDR): Thailand
    Human Rights Watch: Thailand
    OEC: Thailand
    Reporters Without Borders: Thailand
    WHO: Thailand
    Wikipedia: Thailand
    The World Bank: Thailand

    The World Factbook: Thailand
     
     Support UNICEF

    Other Countries in Southeast Asia:
    Brunei | Cambodia | East Timor | Indonesia | Laos | Malaysia | Myanmar | Philippines | Singapore | Vietnam
     
     
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